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If someone mistakenly said the beracha with the incorrect sefira-count in mind
The Mechaber writes that someone who mistakenly said the beracha with the incorrect sefira-count in mind, but realized his mistake and recited the accurate number after the beracha, is yotzei. The Mishnah Berurah adds that this is true even if he first recited the wrong number and then corrected himself. However, if he simply counted wrong (without correcting himself toich kdei dibur), he must repeat the beracha when he re-counts correctly. The Biur Halacha points out that according to the Taz's understanding of this halacha, a person who recited the entire beracha with the wrong date in mind [even if he ultimately counted the correct number] must repeat the beracha. However, most Acharonim do not require him to repeat the beracha in this instance.
(סעיף ו, ס"ק ל-לב, שעה"צ ס"ק מא וביה"ל ד"ה או)

 Hilchos Tefilla 128 (page 18)
 מסעיף מא עד אמצע סעיף מד נהגו

An Avel Reciting Birkas Kohanim
Birkas Kohanim in a House of Mourning
May a Kohein work in a Hospital?

An avel reciting birkas kohanim
An avel in his first week of aveilus should not recite birkas kohanim; he should leave the area of davening before the chazan reaches Retzei. According to the Mechaber, the avel can recite the beracha during the year of mourning for a parent or the thirty days for other relatives, but according to the Rama he may not. The contemporary poskim discuss what the correct practice should be in places where birkas kohanim is recited daily. According to some poskim, if the avel is within the first thirty days and two other kohanim are present, he may exit in accordance with the Rama, but after thirty days he should remain and recite the beracha. A second opinion holds that he should always follow the opinion of the Mechaber and recite the beracha once the first seven days have passed.
( סעיף כג, ס"ק קנז, וביה"ל ד"ה יצא; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 167)

Birkas kohanim in a house of mourning
Some have the custom that birkas kohanim and the prayer E-lokeinu vE-lokei Avoseinu recited in lieu of birkas kohanim are not recited in a house of mourning. Others have the custom that both are recited in a house of mourning. An avel leading the services should not read the words of the pesukim to the kohanim in places where the beracha is said. There is also a custom that allows a kohein who is an avel to recite the beracha.
( ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 160)

May a kohein work in a hospital?
There is an opinion which permits a kohein who is a doctor to attend to patients in a hospital if his expertise is needed or if he is in dire financial straits. He cannot work in a room with dead people, and if someone dies in a room where he is working he must exit immediately unless he is providing lifesaving assistance. Others hold that he may only work in a hospital that rarely has deceased Jews in it, and only on the condition that if a Jew passes away or is near death he is permitted to leave immediately.
( ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 156)

  • A kohein who is known to have committed many serious aveiros without repenting is still obligated to recite the blessing. But a kohein who violates any mitzva to anger Hashem is considered a rebel against Hashem, and he is disqualified from reciting the blessing.
  • A kohein who married a woman forbidden to a kohein (e.g. a divorcee) may not recite the blessing; because he violated his 'kehuna,' Chazal disqualified him.
  • A kohein who drank a reviis of pure wine in one shot, or more than a reviis of diluted wine in several gulps, is forbidden from reciting the beracha until he sobers up.


  • The daily mitzva of birkas kohanim

  • The custom of the Rama

  • Turning during the beracha



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.