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 Hilchos Tefilla 111 -112 (page 279)
  מתחילת סימן קיא עד תחילת סימן קיג

Connecting Go'al Yisrael and Shemoneh Esrei
Connecting Geula to Tefilla on Shabbos and Yom Tov
Connecting Geula to Tefilla vs. Tefilla B'tzibur

Connecting go'al Yisrael and Shemoneh Esrei
Chazal wanted the beracha of go'al Yisrael to be connected to tefilla ( Shemoneh Esrei). Ideally, no more than the span it takes to recite three words ( k'dei dibur) should interrupt between them. One should not even interrupt with Torah thoughts or responses to kaddish or barechu (it is permissible to listen to kaddish/barechu silently instead of responding). During Ma'ariv, too , one should connect geula (the beracha ending with go'al Yisrael) with tefilla. The berachos of Hashkiveinu, and in chutz la'aretz, Yiru Eineinu ( Baruch Hashem), as well as the pesukim recited on Shabbos and Yom Tov ( V'shamru/ Vayidaber) are viewed as related to, and extensions of, the beracha of go'al Yisrael. According to the Mechaber, it is forbidden to interrupt between geula and tefilla by responding Amen to the beracha of go'al Yisrael. According to the Rama, one should respond Amen to this beracha. Therefore, it is advisable to conclude the beracha at the same time as the chazan or to begin Hashem sefasai before the chazan completes the beracha. The poskim discuss whether an acceptable solution would be for the chazan to conclude the beracha in an undertone.
( סימן קיא, סעיף א, ס"ק ב-ו, וביה"ל ד"ה חוזר; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 5, 7, 8, 11, 12)
Connecting geula and tefilla on Shabbos and Yom Tov
Some commentators explain that the requirement to connect geula to tefilla is sourced in the juxtaposition of the pasuk "Hashem is my redeemer," which discusses geula, with the pasuk "Hashem will answer you in your time of trouble," which mentions tefilla. According to this explanation, the rule applies only on weekdays, since Shabbos would not be referred to as a "time of trouble." A second explanation for the requirement to connect geula to tefilla is that invoking the geula from Mitzrayim is similar to knocking on the doors of the palace, calling for the attention of the king. If, when the king appears, the subject leaves instead of immediately following up with his requests, the king may not be responsive the next time he calls. Interrupting after mentioning the geula is akin to leaving just as Hashem approaches to hear one's requests, and does not bode well for one's tefillos afterwards. According to this interpretation, there is no distinction between Shabbos and weekdays. If the need arises, it is permissible to interrupt between geula and tefilla on Shabbos to respond to kaddish, kedusha, barechu and the word modim from Modim d'rabonon. Yom Tov is treated as a weekday with respect to this halacha.
( סימן קיא, סעיף א, ס"ק ח-ט, וביה"ל ד"ה וטוב; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 14)
Connecting geula and tefilla vs. tefilla b'tzibur
A person should not bypass reciting kriyas Shema and its berachos in order to daven Shemoneh Esrei with the minyan. Instead, for Shacharis (weekday and Shabbos) one should join a different minyan if possible; otherwise, he should recite Shema and its berachos and daven without a minyan. For Ma'ariv, however, it is preferable that he daven Shemoneh Esrei together with the minyan. Moreover, he may begin his Ma'ariv by joining the minyan for Shemoneh Esrei if he will not be able to keep pace with them at the beginning, and he can recite the birchos kriyas Shema afterwards. One should not do this on a regular basis. The poskim discuss whether someone who concludes go'al Yisrael as the congregation is starting Musaf may daven Musaf along with them in order to connect geula with tefilla while fulfilling tefilla b'tzibur, or whether it would be wrong for him to recite Musaf before Shacharis.
( סימן קיא, סעיף ג, ס"ק יא, וביה"ל ד"ה וטוב; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 22-23)

  • Tefillas haderech is recited only once a traveler has set out on the road and has covered a distance of more than seventy amos from the city. Until that point, there is concern that he may change his mind about the journey, in which case the beracha would have been recited in vain.
  • Tefillas haderech is recited only for distances greater than a parsa; shorter distances are not considered dangerous. Nonetheless, it is proper to recite the prayer without the conclusion [Baruch atah Hashem shomea tefilla] on short journeys.
  • Tefillas haderech [with the conclusion] is recited on trips shorter than a parsa if the road is known to be dangerous. There is an opinion which holds that short intercity trips require tefillas haderech because of the danger of car accidents.

  • Bowing during Shemoneh Esrei

  • The procedure for bowing during Shemoneh Esrei

  • Bowing during other tefillos



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.