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Hilchos Tefila 89 (page 238)
מאמצע סעיף א ואם טעה עד סעיף ג

Greeting People Before Davening
A Reminder to Daven
Davening Shemoneh Esrei After the Zman

Greeting people before davening
Once the time for Shacharis has arrived, it is forbidden to go out of one's way to greet people, even parents or teachers. It is forbidden to go to someone's house or place in shul and greet him with shalom or 'good morning.' It is questionable if calling a greeting on the phone is considered 'going to greet.' It is permissible to go ahead and greet someone if you must pass the area where he lives for other reasons, but you cannot use the word Shalom -- Hashem's name -- to greet people before greeting Hashem.
( סעיף ג וס"ק ח-יב; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 16; וראה ביה"ל ד"ה ואפילו)
A reminder to daven
Basic halacha permits greeting people that one meets in passing [without seeking them out] with the word Shalom. It is customary, however, to alter common greetings to less common ones as a reminder that one has not davened yet and should not get involved with other matters. Before davening, it is forbidden to bow to people in greeting. If one has already recited some of the birchos hashachar, he may bow in greeting or bless those he passes with Shalom.  It is always permissible to respond to someone else's greeting, wish mazal tov before Shacharis and greet anybody with any blessing before Mincha and Ma'ariv.
( סעיף ג וס"ק יד, יד ו־טז; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 15 ו־17; וראה שם, 20)
Davening Shemoneh Esrei after the zman
Shacharis may be recited until a third of the day has passed. According to most poskim, someone who has not davened before that time -- whether by choice, mistake or ones -- should daven until noon. There are poskim who do not permit davening this late, however.  As such, on weekdays, when voluntary tefillos are permitted, he should stipulate (before beginning) that if this prayer is not mandatory, he wishes it to serve as a voluntary tefilla. It is forbidden to daven Shacharis in the time between noon and mincha gedolah, but if someone did daven at that time, he has fulfilled his obligation.
( סעיף א וס"ק ו-ז; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 11)

  • There are four stages to morning: 1) alos, 2) the time when the whole horizon lights up, 3) misheyakir, and 4) sunrise.
  • Daytime mitzvos can be performed only after the whole horizon lights up. There is an opinion that they can be performed at dawn-when the first light starts to emerge-but the halacha does not follow that opinion, and mitzvos performed then must be repeated after the horizon lights up.
  • The ideal time for ShacharisShemoneh Esrei is precisely at sunrise, but it may be recited until a third of the day has passed.

  • Eating before davening

  • Drinking before davening

  • Traveling before davening



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.