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 Hilchos Tefilla 114 (page 283)
 מסעיף ה עד סעיף ז

Alternate Words for Rain
Correcting an Omission
Inserting Morid Hageshem or Ya'aleh V'yavo After Completing the Beracha

Alternate words for rain
During the winter months, mashiv haruach umorid hageshem is inserted into the second beracha of Shemoneh Esrei. Someone who said mashiv haruach but not morid hageshem does not fulfill his obligation. However, if he said morid hatal [with or without the words mashiv haruach] he fulfills his obligation. If he realized his error before completing the beracha, he should recite the proper words.  If someone neglected to mention matar in the beracha of Birkas Hashanim, the obligation is not fulfilled because the mention of rain in that beracha is essential. If someone said mashiv haruach umorid hamatar or v'sein tal vageshem he is yotzei, but one who said morid hasheleg (He sends down snow) or v'sein tal vasheleg (He gives dew and snow) is likely not yotzei.
( סעיף ה, ס"ק כו-כז, וביה"ל ד"ה אין; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 25)
Correcting an omission
Someone who neglected to say morid hageshem or ya'aleh v'yavo (except on the night of Rosh Chodesh) and realized the omission after reciting baruch atah Hashem at the conclusion of the beracha (but before completing the beracha), should continue with lamdeini chukecha-and thereby recite a pasuk in Tehillim ( baruch atah Hashem lamdeini chukecha) instead of completing the beracha. He should then return to the omitted words and continue davening from that point. For v'sein tal umatar, however, he should complete the beracha and continue davening and insert the missing words in Shomea Tefilla. For ya'aleh v'yavo on the evening of Rosh Chodesh or any other passage that was supposed to have been inserted into Shemoneh Esrei, he should continue davening despite the omission.
( ס"ק לב, וביה"ל ד"ה בלא; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 35)
Inserting morid hageshem or ya'aleh v'yavo after completing the beracha
Someone who completed the beracha without the words morid hageshem can insert the missing phrase before beginning Atah Kodosh (preferably within k'dei dibbur - the span it takes to recite 3-4 words-of michaye hameisim). If he already started the next beracha or kedusha, even one word, he must restart the tefilla. Likewise, someone who omitted ya'aleh v'yavo (except on the night of Rosh Chodesh) and realized the mistake after completing the beracha ( hamachazir Shechinaso l'Tzion) should recite ya'aleh v'yavo before beginning the next beracha of Modim. If he already began Modim, he must return to the beginning of the beracha of Retzei. Other added passages are not inserted if they are missed.
( סעיף ו, ס"ק כח, ל, לא ו־לב, וביה"ל ד"ה בלא)

  • The recitation of morid hageshem concludes at Musaf of the first day of Pesach. In congregations that do not recite morid hatal (particularly Ashkenaz congregations outside Eretz Yisrael), the conclusion of morid hageshem is not announced. Instead, the chazan makes the switch during his repetition of Musaf and the congregation switches during Mincha.
  • Generally, if someone includes morid hageshem during the summer months, he does not fulfill his obligation and must repeat Shemoneh Esrei even in regions that require rain in the summer. According to some poskim, if the region is suffering from a drought he may complete his tefilla and then recite a second voluntary one.
  • During the summer months, many congregations replace morid hageshem with morid hatal. Some of those congregations keep the initial phrase and say mashiv haruach umorid hatal.


  • Getting accustomed to an insertion

  • When in doubt about an insertion - when to repeat

  • When in doubt about an insertion - when not to repeat



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.