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 Hilchos Kriyas Shema 69 (page 206)
 מאמצע סעיף א ואפילו מי ששמע עד תחילת סימן ע

How One Who Has Missed the Congregation's Prayers Can Say the Dvarim Sheb'kdusha (Responses 
That Require a Minyan)
When an Individual Can Recite Borchu Before Beginning His Prayers
Restrictions on a Second Minyan in a Congregation That Already Prayed

How one who has missed the congregation's prayers can say the dvarim sheb'kdusha (responses that require a minyan)
One who arrives afterthe congregation has completed praying may join with nine others who have already prayed and recite the dvarim sheb'kdusha (responses that require a minyan), if they agree to remain while he prays. He should recite psukei d'zimrah and Yishtabach quietly, then say kaddish and Borchu aloud for them to respond. He continues with Birchos K'riyas Shema quietly, and recites the first three blessings of Shemone Esrei aloud with kedusha. He completes the rest of his prayers silently. Nusach Ashkenaz has a different text for the third blessing when recited by a sh'liyach tzibbur. There is dispute among the poskim if this individual, who recites the blessing aloud after having recited kedusha in this manner, recites the regular text or that of the sh'liyach tzibbur.
( סעיף א, ס"ק יג, וביה"ל ישלים; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 12)
When an individual can recite Borchu before beginning his prayers 
If the people who have already prayed are not willing to remain for this individual to recite the entire psukei d'zimrah, he may skip most of psukei d'zimrah, reciting only Boruch She'amar, Ashrei, and Yishtabach, following it with kaddish and Borchu. If they are not even willing to wait for this, he may recite any few verses, followed by kaddish and Borchu; then begin his prayers regularly from Boruch She'amar. He should not recite Shemoneh Esrei out of order (to enable reciting kedusha while the minyan is still present), since juxtaposing Shemoneh Esrei to Birchos K'riyas Shema is more important than kedusha.
( ביה"ל ד"ה שישלים)
Restrictions on a second minyan in a congregation that already prayed
If a shul that has only one scheduled minyan has occasion for a second minyan to pray, there are restrictions upon the second minyan in order not to cast aspersion on the first minyan's prayers. The second sh'liyach tzibbur should not stand in the place that the first sh'liyach tzibbur stood, nor should the congregation read from the Torah, until the first minyan has left. These restrictions do not apply if the second minyan regularly prays in that shul.
( סעיף א וס"ק טז ו-יח)

  • Tefillah betzibbur needs ten men. Some say that all ten need to pray together; others say that it is sufficient if six of them are praying.
  • According to the Mechaber and Rama, six or more people who prayed individually without responding to kaddish, Borchu, and kedusha can recite it among a minyan who already prayed. According to the Radbaz, this may not be done unless one of them has not yet prayed, and the custom follows this opinion.
  • Many have the custom to recite Borchu each day after praying Shacharis for the sake of those who missed the Borchu before Birchos K'riyas Shema.

  • Portions Of Prayer That Women Must Recite

  • Training Children To Recite K'riyas Shema

  • The Age To Train Children To Pray



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.