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 Hilchos Kriyas Shema 70 (page 207)
 מתחילת סימן ע עד סעיף ד

Portions Of Prayer That Women Must Recite
Training Children To Recite K'riyas Shema
The Age To Train Children To Pray

Portions of prayer that women must recite
Women are obligated to recite Birchos Hatorah, Birchos Hashachar, psukei d'zimrah (although there is an opinion that they are exempt from psukei d'zimrah), and Shemoneh Esrei of Shacharis and Mincha.Women are not obligated to recite K'riyas Shema , but they should recite the first verse each day (some say that they should recite the entire first parsha, and others say all three parshiyos). Women are not required to recite the blessings before K'riyas Shema, but many poskim require women to recite the blessing after K'riyas Shema both in the morning and at night.  If a woman wishes to recite the entire Kriyas Shema and its blessings she may do so, provided that she completes the blessings before sof zman tefillah (the halachic time by when shacharis must be recited).
( סעיף א, ס"ק ב, ד ו-ה, ושעה"צ ס"ק ג ו-ד; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 3, 8, 13, 15, 17 ו-18)
Training children to recite K'riyas Shema
Children are exempt from reciting K'riyas Shema. There is dispute among the poskim whether one is obligated to train a child who has reached the age of chinuch (halachic training); it is proper to be stringent. Once a child is twelve years old, he must be trained to recite K'riyas Shema. When a child begins to speak, he must be taught to recite the verse " Shema Yisroel" because it is contains kabolas ol malchus shamayim (acceptance of the yoke of Heaven) and in order to accustom him to the belief in the Oneness of Hashem. According to some, by teaching a child "Shema Yisroel" one fulfills the mitzvah of teaching Torah to one's children; yet there is an opinion that the child need not be trained to recite Birchos Hatorah before reciting this verse.
( סעיף ב, ס"ק ו-ט, וביה"ל ד"ה קטנים; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 19 ו-22)
The age to train children to pray
One is required to train a child to pray Shemoneh Esrei (of Shacharis, Mincha, and Maariv) once he has reached the age of chinuch. Nowadays, this is not the custom; some justify this because the age of chinuch for prayer entails that the child be capable of properly enunciating each word of the prayers without skipping or repeating, which generally requires that the child be older than the usual chinuch age. Once the child reaches the normal age of chinuch, even though he has not reached the age of chinuch for prayer, he must begin to be trained to pray somewhat. Even before the age of chinuch, a child must be taught to respond Amen; once he responds Amen, he merits reward in the World to Come.
( ס"ק ט; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 26-27)


  • If one missed the congregation's prayers, he may recite kaddish and borchu after he recites Yishtabach, provided that nine others are willing to stay and listen. Upon reaching Shemoneh Esrei, he recites the first three blessings aloud, together with kedusha.
  • If the nine others are unwilling to wait for him, he may recite a few verses, kadish, and borchu. Then he should begin his prayers as usual.
  • When an additional minyan takes place in a shul in which only a single minyan regularly prays, the second shliyach tzibbur should not stand in the place where the first one stood, nor should the Torah be read, until the people who prayed in the first minyan leave.



  • Eating before davening

  • Engaging in time consuming activities at the end of the night

  • The exemption of being involved in a mitzva


PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.