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 Hilchos Kriyas Shema 66 (page 201)
 מסעיף ו עד אמצע סעיף ח אבל טלית

Single Permissible Interruption Between Ge'ula and Tefilla
Amen After The Blessing Goal Yisroel
Goal Yisroel Versus  Goeil Yisroel

Single permissible interruption between Ge'ula and Tefilla
The requirement to juxtapose Ge'ula (the blessing Goal Yisroel) and Tefilla (Shemoneh Esrei) means that it is forbidden to interrupt between them in any manner. Even a pause of silence longer than k'dei dibbur (the length of time it takes to say three to four short words) is prohibited. The single permitted interruption is to don tefillin if one was unable to do so until then. This is because it is very important to pray Shemoneh Esrei while wearing tefillin, since the proper Acceptance of the Yoke of Heaven is with K'riyas Shema and Shemoneh Esrei while wearing tefillin. However, if there is concern that the halachic time of shacharis will pass, he should pray without tefillin.
( סעיף ח וס"ק לח ו-מ; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 31 ו-36)
Amen after the blessing Goal Yisroel
According to the Mechaber, one should not respond Amen to the blessing Goal Yisroel (so as not to create an interruption). The Rama permits responding Amen if one completed his blessing and heard the end of the sh'liyach tzibbur's blessing before he began Shemoneh Esrei. To avoid the issue of this questionable interruption, it is advisable for the congregation to complete the blessing with the sh'liyach tzibbur in unison so that they will not have a need to respond Amen. Alternatively, as soon as one completes his blessing, he should begin the opening verse of Shemoneh Esrei, so as to be unable to respond Amen. Although in many congregations the sh'liyach tzibbur recites the end of the blessing quietly so no one can respond Amen, there is discussion among the poskim whether this is proper.
( סעיף ז וס"ק לה-לו; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 29)
Goal yisroel vs. goeil yisroel
The blessing of Ge'ula in Birchos K'riyas Shema discusses the redemption from Egypt and ends in past tense with the words, " goal yisroel". On the other hand, the eighth blessing of Shemoneh Esrei beseeches for the future redemption and ends in present tense, " goeil yisroel", which can refer to the future in Lashon Hakodesh. If one inadvertently ended Birchos K'riyas Shema with the words " goeil yisroel", he is yotzei because the present tense can also refer to the past. If he ended the blessing in Shemoneh Esrei with " goal yisroel", it is unlikely that he is yotzei because the past tense cannot refer to the future.
( ס"ק לג; ביאורים ומוספים דרשו, 27, עם הרחבת המקור המובא שם)

  • If one was called to the Torah during Birchos K'riyas Shema, he should interrupt to recite the blessings for the aliya, but not read along. It is preferable that he complete the perek he is reciting (or at least to the end of the topic) before interrupting.
  • It is preferable not to call somebody who is reciting Birchos K'riyas Shema to the Torah. If there is no other Kohen or Levi, he may be called during bein hap'rakim, but preferably he should leave the shul until someone else is called up.
  • The p'rakim (sections) of Birchos K'riyas Shema are: the first blessing, the second blessing, the parsha Shema, the parsha V'haya im shamoa, and the parsha Vayomer to the end of Goal yisroel. At night, there is an additional perek, the blessing Hashkiveinu.

  • Required components in the blessing of Ge'ula

  • When it is necessary to wait for interruptions before completing the blessing of Ge'ula

  • Interrupting between Ge'ula and Tefilla



PLEASE NOTE:  The information in this email is for learning purposes only. Please review the Mishna Berura and Biurim U'Musafim before making a halachic decision. Hebrew words are occasionally transliterated to enable a smoother reading of the text. Common Ashkenazi pronunciation is generally used in these cases.