December 2016
Health Observance
World A IDS Day
More than three decades have passed since scientists discovered HIV - the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Today, AIDS continues to be one of the most serious health and development challenges in the world. According to UNAIDS , at the end of 2015 there were roughly 36.7 million people across the globe living with AIDS, including 1.8 million children. Most people living with HIV are in low- to middle-income countries, with sub-Saharan Africa being hardest hit. In that region, there were nearly 26 million people living with HIV, roughly two-thirds of all HIV cases in the world.

According to the CDC, in the United States, African Americans continue to bear a heavier burden of HIV/AIDS than other racial or ethnic groups. Compared with other groups, African Americans account for a higher proportion of new HIV cases, of previously diagnosed AIDS cases, and of HIV-related deaths. In 2014, African Americans comprised 14% of the U.S. population but 44% of new HIV cases in the U.S.  Learn more here about HIV among African Americans.
In 2016, the U.S. Government's theme for World AIDS Day is " Leadership. Commitment. Impact." Over the past few decades, many Federal agencies, including HHS, HUD, DOL, CDC, and NIH, have been engaged in a wide range of HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, testing, policy, and/or research efforts in the United States. You can track these efforts by visiting

Resources for learning more about HIV/AIDS:
Health Policy Research Consortium
Office: 301-375-2021

HPRC, a CTIS, Inc. division, is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) under award number #1U54MD008608-01. This content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.