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National Association of Rocketry 
Educator's Newsletter
December 2020
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In this issue:

2021 The American Rocketry Challenge (TARC) is underway

NAR Scholarship Program, Robert L. Cannon Awards, Extracurricular Activity Grant Awards, and the Gleda M. Estes Scholarship

RESOURCES

INSPIRING OTHERS

Space History
A New Class of Teachers

I was excited last month to have a major accomplishment with the narTcert program. Teacher Robyn Jackson, who narTcertified a year ago, held a professional development rocket training workshop and certified eleven more teachers. Congratulations to Ronda K. Steadman, Martin Cwiakala, Stephane Bryant, Cynthia A. Taylor, Latha Janet, Lakia Gaines, Ginger Spencer, Shawna Moore, Vita SegarsSuzanne Gowan, and Barbara Dire for completing the requirements.

Learning rocketry to teach STEM is common but this was the first time the narTcert process was used for a class, and it was extremely successful and fun. In creating the narTcart program I wanted teachers to learn rocketry to teach their students, but also to “teach others to teach others”. The strong growth of a program depends not so much on people just joining it but also on members replicating themselves to expand and sustain the process. Robyn did this very well, particularly during these quarantine months. We hope to tell more of her story soon as well as show how other teachers can teach teachers with narTcert. Are you registered to begin your training yet? You can do it online now, and be ready for 2021...Check it out!

Aim high! 
Vince Huegele
NAR Education Chairman
2021 The American Rocketry Challenge (TARC) is underway

The American Rocketry Challenge (TARC) is an aerospace design and engineering event for teams of US secondary school students (7th through 12th grades) run by the NAR and the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA). Teams can be sponsored by schools or by non-profit youth organizations such as Scouts, 4-H, Civil Air Patrol, or Air Force JROTC (but not the NAR or other rocketry organizations). The goal of TARC is to motivate students to pursue aerospace as an exciting career field, and it is co-sponsored by the American Association of Physics Teachers, Estes Industries, the Department of Defense, and NASA.
  
NAR Support to The American Rocketry Challenge

Mentors
The NAR asks all of its Senior (adult) members and its Sections to take an active role in supporting TARC. This event offers a tremendously rewarding opportunity to teach rocketry skills to bright and enthusiastic young people and to "pay forward" to a new generation of rocketeers for the support we once received from others when we were starting out in the hobby. Please use the attached publicity handout to get the word out about TARC. Details of the duties of a mentor or flight observer are available in our Mentor Guide.

Mentors are adult (age 21 and above) members of the NAR who volunteer to serve as technical advisors and instructors or coaches to TARC teams. The role of the mentor is to get teams over the initial learning hump of mastering basic rocketry skills; they are not allowed to help teams with their final contest designs. Mentors may also serve as "qualification flight observers."
 
There are two NAR resources for teachers who are working with a TARC team and may not have an NAR mentor. The first is a "Parts Guide for TARC Rockets" showing all the typical parts used in most TARC rocket designs, and what vendor sells them, with what part number(s). It is posted at https://www.nar.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Parts-for-a-TARC-Rocket-Oct-2019.pdf The second is "How to Win TARC", a guide for how to conduct structured, scientific flight testing to get a TARC rocket onto it performance goal. It is posted at https://www.nar.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/TARC-Flight-Testing.pdf Estes Industries has also produced an excellent guide to the basic model rocket skills needed for TARC; it's available via the TARC page on their website, https://estesrockets.com/edu-tarc/

If you want to volunteer as a NAR Mentor, contact NAR TARC Manager Trip Barber.

Qualification flight observers are adult members of the NAR who watch a team's official "qualification flight" attempt at a mutually convenient time and place sometime before 5 April 2021. The observer verifies that the flight is conducted within event rules and that the egg payload is uncracked after flight, serves as one of the two stopwatch-equipped timers for the flight, and then records the flight duration and altimeter-reported altitude post-flight. He or she signs the official flight-report form, which is then sent in to the AIA. Qualification flight observers are under no obligation to also serve as a mentor to a team, although they may do so. Observers must be impartial; they cannot be related to any member of the team they observe, be employed by the team's school, or be a member of the team's sponsoring non-profit organization. Impartial adults may join the NAR (online if desired) simply for the purpose of being an observer, if a team is not otherwise able to locate an NAR adult member.
 
NAR Sections help by listing all of their launches on the NAR "Launch Windows" web page and by providing free access to these launches and use of Section or personal launch equipment for any TARC team that needs to do a test or qualification flight. 
 
Only certain NAR-certified model rocket motors of total impulse class "F" and below are approved for flight use. They are enumerated in this list.

NAR Site Owner Insurance
TARC teams needing "site owner insurance" (insurance which protects the owner of the land used for a rocket launch) in order to gain access to a flying site for their local test and qualification flights may get this through the NAR, just like NAR Sections (clubs) can do. This insurance is available only for actual landowners (including schools and school boards), not for school officials who are concerned about personal liability. It is available for $15, but only to teams whose teacher supervisor is a member of the NAR, and have at least three student team members who are members of the NAR. You can apply for site insurance using this printable form.

narTCert
NAR will provide "narTcert" to any NAR member who is a professional classroom teacher with or without a science/math background, an educator teaching an after school program, a home school teacher or an informal educator with a youth organization. This means the opportunity is open to anyone who wants to teach rocketry on any level. The educator can be a total beginner or an experienced flyer, but both will have to undergo the certification process to be identified by NAR as being qualified to launch with students. Get started today.

NAR 4322 L3
TARC Manager
NAR Scholarship Program, Robert L. Cannon Awards, Extracurricular Activity Grant Awards, and the Gleda M. Estes Scholarship

Did you know that if you are a NAR member between the ages of 17 and 22 attending college or a vocational school that you may be eligible to receive a scholarship?
 
Are you a teacher or educator who uses model rocketry in the classroom?  You are welcome to apply for a $500 grant to use in your program.
 
In 2001, the NAR's scholarship and Robert L. Cannon educational awards were inaugurated.  Three NAR members received scholarships and two educators received Cannon awards. Over the years the number of award winners have grown. In 2015, a new program, the NAR Extracurricular Activity Grant (EAG) was initiated to provide up to ten $500 grants for after-school activities, such as rocket clubs, scout, Civil Air Patrol, 4-H, or NAR section programs involving model rocketry. TARC teams are not eligible for these awards. This year we awarded ten $2000 scholarships, six $1000 scholarships, six Cannon $500 grants, and one Extracurricular Activity Grant (EAG).

In 2018, the Estes family announced the Gleda M. Estes Scholarship for the Advancement of Young Women in STEM. High school seniors and college freshmen majoring in STEM fields are eligible to apply for this $3,000 award. Recipients of the Estes Scholarship may not receive a NAR Scholarship in the same year but are welcome to apply for the NAR Scholarship in following years. A separate application is required for the Estes Scholarship: https://www.nar.org/gleda-m-estes-scholarship-3/
 
The deadline for applying for all of these is June 1st. 

All of these programs are ongoing. See http://www.nar.org/educational-resources/nar-scholarship-program-and-robert-l-cannon-award/ for details. If you have questions concerning these programs, please contact Mark Wise via mark.wise@nar.org for the Scholarship program.  Awards are announced at the annual meet (NARAM). You do not have to be present to receive an award.
RESOURCES
NASA

Education Materials Finder
NASA's Education Materials Finder will help teachers locate resources that can be used in the classroom. Users may search by keywords, grade level, product type and subject. With hundreds of publications and Web sites indexed, the finder is the best way to locate NASA educational resources. (https://www.nasa.gov/education/materials/)
NAR Education

How many ways can you have fun with rockets? 
The NAR is all about having fun and learning more with and about model rockets. We are the oldest and largest sport rocketry organization in the world. Since 1957, over 80,000 serious sport rocket modelers have joined the NAR to take advantage of the fun and excitement of organized rocketry. 

Here's a link to an interesting article on "How Model Rockets Launch Tomorrow's Engineers".
The Math Forum

Math Form Internet News
Having trouble keeping up with Math and Math Education on the Internet? The Math Forum is here to serve as your gateway to the Net, giving you one-stop access to all the math resources you need and maintaining our own model pages and projects.

Each week you can expect to see suggestions of good sites to visit for mathematics and key issues in math education, or tips for what we have at the Math Forum and how to find it!
Civil Air Patrol

Aerospace Library 
Dedicated to promoting and sharing Aviation, Air Force, CAP & NASA History, the folks at the Civil Air Patrol have put together a fantastic library of rocketry resources! Check it out! CAP is a partner with NAR and supports TARC with many teams
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)

STEM K-12 Outreach
What is Aerospace Engineering? Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering focused on the design, construction, and testing of aircraft and spacecraft. It is broken into two major overlapping disciplines: aeronautical engineering (for vehicles that stay within Earth's atmosphere) and astronautical engineering (for vehicles that travel beyond Earth's atmosphere). Aerospace engineering applies the fascinating science behind the forces of nature and the physical properties of aircraft, rockets, and spacecraft. Check out these STEM K-12 resources.

Teacher Grants
The AIAA Foundation believes one of the most significant means to inspire and advance the future of Aerospace is to fund grants to meet the unmet and unfunded educational need of students. Each school year, AIAA awards grants of up to $500 to worthy projects that significantly influence student learning. Learn more now!
Y
National Association of Rocketry (NAR) offers Teachers and Youth Group Leaders Resources
  
The NAR offers Free Resource downloads (http://www.nar.org/educational-resources/) produced by members who have helped teachers and youth group leaders like yourself all over the United States.
Rocketry School Supplies Provided by Donors
 
As teachers, you know your students' needs best. Donorschoose.org is available to provide an avenue for public school teachers to submit project requests for the specific materials their students need to learn. As their name implies, donors choose which projects to support. Once a project is funded, they deliver the materials directly to the school. In return, teachers submit photos of the project in use and thank-you notes from students, which are then sent to the project's donors.

To learn more about our program and how to be a successful DonorsChoose.org teacher see http://www.donorschoose.org/teacherindex.html.
Apogee

If you want to keep on top of all the industry updates, sign up here! Twice a month you will receive the email to the Industry Updates newsletter! This bi-weekly newsletter is for people who want to know what new rocketry products are being released by other rocketry companies besides Apogee Components. You may not find these products listed on our website, but this is where you'll find out about them first!
INSPIRING OTHERS
Project Lead the Way (PLTW) expands to 3,400 K-12 schools

Project Lead The Way (PLTW) prepares students to be the most innovative and productive leaders in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) and to make meaningful, pioneering contributions to our world. PLTW works with new schools and school districts to make sure that implementation of our rigorous curriculum is as smooth and streamlined as possible. The information packets for our Engineering and Biomedical Sciences classes guide educators through the PLTW process. They contain course descriptions, sign-up information, and other tips to make PLTW a success at your school.

Other Scholarship Programs

Society of Women Engineers(SWE)
SWE Scholarships support women pursuing ABET-accredited baccalaureate or graduate programs in preparation for careers in engineering, engineering technology and computer science in the United States and Mexico. In 2015, SWE disbursed approximately 220 new and renewed scholarships valued at more than $660,000.

Great Minds in STEM (HENAAC)
HENAAC scholarship recipients continue to pave the way for future generations of Hispanics and lead by example to empower our communities and enhance our nation's professional technical workforce. Since its inception in 2001, the HENAAC Scholars Program has experienced tremendous growth. In 2008, through the generous support of our program sponsors, we passed the $1M milestone in scholarship awarded. In 2013, GMiS passed the $2M scholarship milestone.

The application deadline every year is APRIL 30. The HENAAC Scholars Program offers three types of scholarships: Corporate/Government Sponsored Scholarships, Special Recognition Scholarships, and In Memoriam and Personal Tribute Scholarships

National Society for Black Engineers (NSBE) Scholarships
The society offers a variety of NSBE and Corporate-sponsored scholarship and award opportunities to our pre-college, collegiate undergraduate and graduate student, and technical professional members. Our scholarship packages range in value from $500 to $10,500. In addition to the scholarships, we also provide access to awards which acknowledge our highest achieving members, such as the Mike Shinn Distinguished Member of the Year (male and Female) Award with a cash award of $7,500, as well as the Alumni Member and Technologist of the Year. Each of these awardees also receive a Golden Torch Award from the organization.

Aerospace engineering and aerospace technology scholarships from a variety of institutions and universities found here as well as here.

GoodCall
GoodCall integrates data and technology to make finding scholarships easier for students and their families. And, unlike other scholarship search sites, we're totally free and open - no fee or account sign-up required. View thousands of scholarships, filter results by specific requirements, and even search by competition level and entry difficulty.
Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFJROTC)
TARC and AFJROTC 
Get to know your AFJROTC Unit Commander or their education officer and see how you might work together to promote model rocketry.  To find your local unit,  look here and the search engine will generate a map with unit locations and contact information. You can also do a simple web search to find the many AFJROTC rocket activities. Alternatively, for more information on AFJROTC, contact AFJROTC Headquarters, 60 West Maxwell Blvd., Maxwell AFB, AL 36112-6501; phone 1-334-953-7513, online.

Estes 

Reach For The Stars National Winners
Contestants in the seventh annual competition had to build and launch a solid-fuel powered rocket at an event held in their area by schools, YMCAs, Scouts, Challenger Learning Centers and other youth groups. The closest average landing (by parachute) to a target after two launches was declared the winner, with the local winner's results entered into the national Competition. The annual competition runs continuously and is open to ages 10 to 18.
 
Author Homer Hickam and the original Rocket Boys have kicked off the eighth annual Reach for the Stars -- National Rocket Competition at the October Sky Festival in Beckley, West Virginia. Competitions are already being held across the country, and local competitions can be held anytime throughout the year with a deadline at the end of June. For more details about the competition go to TheRocketman.net.
4-H

Engineering and Technology
The work of scientists and engineers impacts our daily life on so many levels, but sometimes it's hard to isolate just how those professionals contribute to programs we watch on television or items we see in stores. 4-H uses its Filmmaking Studio and Workshop and STEM and Agriculture programs to help youth understand just how important an interest in science, engineering and mathematics is to advancing our society's access to new technology. The programs provide a unique opportunity to interact with the community through volunteer activities and avenues for the club to engage new mentors who are local industry experts. Hopefully many of these kids will want to further explore STEM subjects with rocketry. 4-H is a partner with NAR and supports TARC with many teams.

National Coalition for Aviation and Space Education 

Cubes in Space
The only program in the world to provide students (ages 11-18) with a free opportunity to design experiments to be launched into space on a NASA rocket or balloon! This is a Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM) based global education program, enabling kids to learn about space exploration utilizing innovative problem-solving inquiry-based learning methods. By participating in this program, students and educators are provided with engaging content and activities in preparation for the design and development of an experiment to be integrated into a small cube.

Since we first began the program in 2014, we have had over 5000 participants from 37 countries, and counting! Come join us!
Space History: 
 
December 21, 1968: Apollo 8 launched from Cape Kennedy on Dec. 21, 1968, placing astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell Jr. and William Anders into a 114 by 118 mile parking orbit at 32.6 degrees. During the second revolution, at two hours, 50 minutes ground elapsed time, the S-IVB third stage restarted for a five-minute, 17-second burn, initiating trans-lunar coast.

The first mid-course correction provided a first check on the service propulsion system, or SPS, engine prior to committing spacecraft to lunar orbit insertion. The second and final mid-course correction prior to lunar orbit insertion occurred at 61 hours, 8 minutes, 54 seconds into the mission.

Loss of signal occurred as Apollo 8 passed behind the moon. At this moment, NASA's three astronauts became the first humans to see the moon's far side. The orbit circularized at 70 miles by the second lunar orbit insertion burn of 135 feet per second, performed at the start of the third revolution, again on the back side of the moon, at 73 hours, 35 minutes, five seconds.

During the 20-hour period in lunar orbit, the crew conducted a full, sleepless schedule of tasks including landmark and landing site tracking, vertical stereo photography, stereo navigation photography and sextant navigation. At the end of the 10th lunar orbit, a three-minute, 23-second trans-Earth injection burn was conducted, adding 3,522 feet per second. Interestingly, only one mid-course correction, a burn of five feet per second conducted at 104 hours, was required instead of the three scheduled.

Six telecasts were conducted during the mission: two during trans-lunar coast, two during lunar orbit and two during trans-Earth coast. These transmissions were telecast worldwide and in real time to all five continents. During a telecast on Christmas Eve, the crew read verses from the first chapter of Genesis and wished viewers, "Good night, good luck, a Merry Christmas and God bless all of you - all of you on the good Earth."

Apollo 8 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 10:51 a.m. EST Dec. 27. The splashdown was about 5,100 yards from the recovery ship USS Yorktown, 147 hours after launch and precisely on time.

Dec 2, 1974: NASA's Pioneer 11 spacecraft flew by Jupiter, passing 26,725 miles above Jupiter's cloud top. The spacecraft returned dramatic images of Jupiter's famous Great Red Spot and determined the mass of Jupiter's moon, Callisto. 


December 27, 1984: Members of the ANSMET (Antarctic Search for Meteorites) Project discovered meteorite ALH 84001 in the Allen Hills region of Antarctica. ALH 84001 is the famous Mars meteorite that sparked excitement in 1996 about past life on Mars. 

December 26, 1989: A U.S. patent was awarded for the invention and construction method for the Miniature Traveling Wave Tube (TWT). This technology allowed satellites to carry a greater number of messages in a particular radio frequency signal, and resulted in commercial television applications. 

December 18, 1999: NASA launched Terra, a weather satellite project undertaken jointly with Japan and Canada, on an Atlas rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base. The 4,864 kg spacecraft was part of an international program and was intended to enable new research into the ways that Earth's lands, oceans, air, ice, and life function as a total system. 

December 14, 2009: NASA launched the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) aboard the Delta II 7320 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base between 6:10 - 6:23 a.m. PST. This mission will survey the entire sky in the mid-infrared range, producing over a million images from which hundreds of millions of astronomical objects will be cataloged using far greater sensitivity than any previous mission or program. 
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