eShabbos
Parshas Devarim
Shabbos Chazon
Tish'a B'av
August 5-6, 2022
9 Av, 5782
Shalom and hello everyone! I hope you are doing well. 
 
Here are some highlights of this shabbos, Shabbos Chazon, at Ohav Sholom. 

Join ME and our brand new chazan Ari Mandelbaum for an entire shabbos of song and inspiration!
 
Our Friday Night Dinner is SOLD OUT! I look forward to a delightful shabbos dinner with friends of Ohav Sholom and the West Side. 
 
Coffee (and delicious cake) will be served Shabbos before shacharis. 

Kiddush Sponsor

A special gala hot kiddush will be served after davening, generously sponsored by member Menahem Neuer, to honor the memories of Mordechai Fishel Rosenholc ben Yitzchak, h”yd, and Ajdla Rifka, h”yd, who were murdered in 1942 near Skarzysko, Poland. 
 
Their yahrtzeits are observed on tisha b’av. May their memories continue to inspire the Jewish People in all areas of learning and Jewish life. Amen

Join me in shul motzei shabbos for the reading of Eicha and throughout Tisha b’Av for all special learning, programs and services. 
 
See below our international multi-award-winning Halachic Primer on the rules and customs surrounding Tisha B’av. 
Shabbos Chazon & Tisha B’av Halachic Primer 5782
LAWS OF EREV SHABBOS & SHABBOS CHAZON 
 
We wear bigdei shabbos and prepare for shabbos Chazon. The rules of the nine days apply even on erev shabbos. One who is perspiring and uncomfortable can bathe in cold water, etc. (see earlier Halachic Primer for the Nine Days, for more details) 
 
Some have the custom to sing the Friday night kabbalos shabbos song, “Lecho Dodi,” to the melody of “Elay Tzion,” from the kinnos liturgy
 
After midday on shabbos day, some authorities limit Torah learning to topics permitted on Tisha B’av itself; others allow all learning Erev Tisah B’av, without exception 
 
We do not study Pirkei Avos this shabbos 
 
One may drink wine and eat meat even at seudah shlishis; however, we must stop eating before sunset (8:05 PM.) Although it is shabbos, we may NOT eat after sunset. 
 
The fast begins in NYC at 8:05 PM and all prohibitions are in force (see below) with the exception of changing out of leather shoes (or changing into weekday clothing) and sitting on the floor. 
 
Since we cannot display overt mourning on shabbos, these restrictions are observed at nightfall at 8:51 PM, at the conclusion of shabbos
 
It is forbidden to verbalize that one is eating on shabbos to fortify oneself for the fast.
 
Similarly, one should not prepare kinos or change clothing or shoes before shabbos is over.
 
According to Rav Eliyahsiv, zt”l, one may discreetly change shoes (only) after sunset.
 
LAWS OF TISHA B'AV NIGHT
 
As stated above, we do NOT sit on low stools or on the floor until 8:51 PM
 
The traditional seudah hamafsekes before the fast is NOT eaten this year. A regular third meal (seudah shlishis) is eaten with extra care taken to finish before sunset (8:05 PM)
 
Mayim achronim should be washed before sunset.
 
Before maariv, the chazzan (if wearing leather shoes) slips off his shoes before his recital of borchu.
 
The congregation removes their leather shoes after their response to borchu. Alternately, one can wait until 8:51 PM, recite baruch hamavdil at home, change shoes and clothes, and return to shul for maariv/eicha/kinos.
 
Before slipping off the shoes, one should recite the words, “Baruch hamavdil bein kodesh l'chol,” without mentioning G-d's name.
 
Although havdalah is recited Sunday evening, the bracha over fire is recited after maariv on motzei shabbos (in shul) before the reading of eicha. The fire is kept lit for the reading of eicha.
 
If one did not hear the blessing over a fire, one must recite this blessing at home (motzei shabbos only.)
 
Women who do not plan to return to shul should recite Baruch Hamavdil at home.
 
Women who will not attend shul should recite the blessing Boreh m’orei ha’esh over fire, at home.
 
The balance of havdalah will be recited Sunday night. 
 
According to Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, zt”l, women should recite the Saturday night maariv service and insert the atah chonantanu prayer, as this is a preferred form of havdalah.
 
If one removed leather shoes in shul for maariv, they may be worn to return home and then switched out for acceptable tisha b’av footwear.
 
We daven maariv in a spirit of sadness and eichah is read in a tuneful and mournful voice.
One need not read along with the reader.
 
If one cannot attend a shul, eichah and kinnos should be read and recited, even in private.
 
LAWS OF TISHA B'AV DAY - SUNDAY, JULY 7
 
The five "afflictions" on Tisha B'av are: eating and drinking, bathing and washing, applying of oils and lotions for pleasure, leather footwear, and intimacy.
 
Footwear that has decorative strips of leather may be worn. This is common on sneakers. 
 
Antiperspirant may be used on Tisha B'av. 
 
Women refrain from applying makeup and cosmetics on Tisha B'av. 
 
One is forbidden to wash or bathe on tisha b'av, even in cold water.
 
We wash n’tilas yadayim upon rising, until our knuckles. After using the restroom, the blessing al n’tilas yadayim is recited.
 
One may wash until the knuckles for mincha and maariv service.
Even pregnant and nursing women fast on Tisha B'av.
 
If this isn't feasible (for example, morning sickness, or the infant is fed exclusively by the mother), one should fast until morning or midday. Of course, exceptions are made under qualified rabbinic guidance. 
 
We do not don talis and tefillin for shachris. They are worn at mincha service.
 
One should sit on low chairs until midday, which is at 1:01 PM.
 
"Work" is prohibited on Tisha B'av until 1:01 PM. Simple activities that do not distract from a mindset of mourning - such as turning on a light switch, are permitted even before midday. 
 
One traveling in a car before midday is permitted to sit in a regular (car) seat.
 
One may visit the sick on Tisha B'av.
 
It is recommended to visit a Jewish cemetery after the morning service has concluded. If a Jewish cemetery is not available, a non-Jewish cemetery is also advised.
 
We do not study Torah on Tisha B'av unless the topic 'relates to the day’ and will remind us of the churban. Mussar seforim are permitted.
 
On Tisha B'av, we do not greet our neighbor with the words, "Sholom aleichem."
One may wish another, "Refuah shleimah," on tisha b'av.
 
LAWS FOR THE END OF TISHA B'AV - SUNDAY NIGHT
 
Havdalah is recited Sunday night after maariv.
 
Havdalah consists of borei pri hagefen and hamavdil bein kodesh l'chol.
 
No blessings over besamim or fire are recited.
 
Havdalah is made over wine or grape juice and the mavdil officiant drinks. There is NO need to give this to a minor. 
 
One who finds fasting difficult may eat at 8:42 PM. One who does not find fasting difficult should wait until 8:50 PM. 
 
We do not eat meat or drink wine until Monday morning. All other hitherto restricted activities, such as bathing, haircutting, etc., are permitted after the taanis
 
NOTE: The laws of Tisha B'av are vast and detailed. If you have tisha b'av related questions or have difficulty fasting, feel free to call me anytime at 917-405-7222.
 
I wish everyone a meaningful and easy fast. In the zechus of following the rules and traditions of tisha b’av, etc., may we merit to witness the rebuilding of the third Bais Hamikdash speedily in our days!
 
Have a wonderful shabbos, 
 
I will see you in shul for our Friday night dinner, gala hot Kiddush, and throughout shabbos and tisha b’av!
 
Rabbi Aaron D. Mehlman 
Erev shabbos kodesh chazon 5782 

eShabbos Timetable
Friday, Erev Shabbos Kodesh
Mincha/KS: 6:30 PM
Early Candle Lighting: Not before 6:38 PM
(Regular) Candle Lighting: 7:48 PM

Shabbos Day
Shacharis: 9:00 AM
Kiddush: 11:15 AM
Mincha: 6:00 PM
Daf Yomi
Fast Begins: 8:05PM
Maariv/Eicha/Shabbos Ends: 8:51 PM

Sunday, Tish'a B'av
Shacharis: 8:30 AM
Mincha with Tallis/Tefillin: 7:30 PM
Maariv: 8:30 PM
Fast Ends: 8:50 PM
CURRENT COVID PROTOCOLS (Updated February 2022)
 With the expiration of the New York State mandate for public spaces to either “mask or screen”, vaccinated people attending davening will no longer be required to wear a mask. 

  • Non-vaccinated attendees must wear masks and should to the best of their ability maintain social distances
  • Masks are optional for vaccinated people, but we do encourage them, especially for anyone at elevated risk
  • Due to the tight quarters at Kiddush and the impossibility to mask while eating, only vaccinated people or those ineligible for vaccination will be allowed
Congregation Ohav Sholom (212) 877-5850