QuikRisk Assessment: Breast Cancer
Ongoing research links several factors to an increased risk of breast cancer.
Check the factors below that apply to you. The degree of risk with some factors can be quite small. And having 1 or 2 risks, or even many, does not mean you will get breast cancer.
Factors that can’t be changed:
*Female gender. *Age. *Race and ethnicity. *Periods before age 12. *Family history of breast, ovarian or prostate cancer. *Personal history of breast cancer. *Inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. *Hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). *Radiation therapy to chest at a young age. *High breast density on a mammogram.
Factors that can be changed:
*More than 1 alcoholic drink a day. *Overweight, especially after menopause. *Lack of regular exercise. *Not giving birth or having a first child after age 30. *Use of birth control pills (current or recent). *Postmenopausal estrogen therapy. *Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (containing estrogen plus progestin).
This assessment is just a starting point for discussing your risks and healthy habits with your health care provider. For example, maintaining a proper weight and avoiding alcohol may help protect you. Or more screening tests might be useful if you’re in a high-risk group, based on gene mutations or if you have a strong family history.
Sources: American Cancer Society, Susan G. Komen