Aloha to you and your ohana...
What have you discovered in this time of crisis?
Think about sharing your discovery with others...maybe you're having more bonding time with loved ones? Playing board games? Listening to the sweet bird sounds? Washing your hands more than ever before?
LEI POINA 'OLE: The beloved child always remembered...Our community resources making sure children are still cared for or remind us of love...
Recognition this Thursday, 3/26/2020:
Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole birthday
Born(1871-03-26)March 26, 1871
DiedJanuary 7, 1922(1922-01-07) (aged 50)
Full name Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole
Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole
(March 26, 1871 – January 7, 1922) was a prince of the
Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
until it was overthrown by a coalition of American and European businessmen in 1893. He later went on to become a representative in the
Territory of Hawaii
as delegate to the
United States Congress
, and as such is the only person ever elected to that body who had been born into royalty.
The young Kūhiō as prince of Hawaii Kalanianaʻole was born March 26, 1871 in Kukui‘ula,
on the island of
(Hawaiian nobility) his genealogy was complex, but he was an heir of
, the last ruling chief of Kauaʻi. He was named after his maternal grandfather
, a High Chief of
, and his paternal grandfather
, a High Chief of Kauaʻi. His Hawaiian name Kuhio translated into "Chief who leaned forward as he stood," and "Kalanianaʻole" meant "ambitious Chief," or "Chief who is never satisfied."
Like many Hawaiian nobles in the nineteenth-century he attended the exclusive private
on the island of
. In the 1870s, a French school teacher at St. Alban's College, now ʻ
, commented on how young Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole's eyes twinkled merrily and how he kept a perpetual smile. "He is so cute, just like the pictures of the little
", teacher Pierre Jones said. The nickname, "Prince Cupid", stuck with Prince Kūhiō for the rest of his life.
After completing his basic education he also traveled abroad for further study. He studied for four years at
Saint Matthew's School
, a private
military school in
San Mateo, California
and at the
Royal Agricultural College
before graduating from a business school in England. He was described as being an excellent marksman and athlete at sports such as football and bicycling.
Prince of the Kalākaua dynasty
After the rule of the
House of Kamehameha
ended with the death of King
in 1872, and King
died in 1874, the
House of Kalākaua
ascended to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. He became an orphan after his father died in 1878 and mother in 1884. Kalanianaʻole was adopted by King David Kalākaua's wife,
, who was his maternal aunt. This practice was called
, a traditional form of adoption widely used in
, which made Kalanianaʻole a Prince of the Kingdom, with the style of "Royal Highness". When Kalākaua came to power Kalanianaʻole was appointed to the royal Cabinet administering the Department of the Interior. After Kalākaua's death in 1891,
became queen, and she continued to favour Kalanianaʻole.
Kuhio in prison at the age of twenty four,
he participated in the
1895 Wilcox rebellion
Republic of Hawaiʻi
. The rebels proved no match for the Republic troops and police, and shortly after hostilities began, all those involved in the rebellion were routed and captured. Kūhiō was sentenced to a year in prison while others were charged with treason and sentenced with execution. Death sentences were commuted to imprisonment. Kūhiō served his full term. Daily visits of his fiancée,
Elizabeth Kahanu Kalanianaʻole
encouraged him in his most dark times. They married October 8, 1896.
From prince to statesman
Kūhiō eventually returned from his self-imposed exile to take part in politics
in post-annexation Hawaiʻi. He became active in the
Home Rule Party of Hawaii
, which represented native Hawaiians and continued to fight for Hawaiian independence.
On July 10, 1902, Prince Kuhio split from the Home Rule Party, walking out of its convention along with nearly half of the delegates there. He formed the short-lived Hui Kuokoa Party. However, by September 1, 1902, Kuhio decided to join the Republican Party, was nominated as their candidate for Congress, and dramatically altered the political landscape. Kūhiō was elected delegate to the U.S. Congress as a Republican.
Kūhiō's letter circulated to Senators in 1920 is descriptive of his thinking. "After extensive investigation and survey on the part of various organizations organized for the purpose of rehabilitating the race, it was found that the only method in which to rehabilitate the race was to place them back upon the soil."
He served from March 4, 1903 until his death, winning a total of ten elections.
During this time he instituted local government at the county level, creating the county system still used today in Hawaiʻi. He staffed the civil service positions that resulted with Hawaiian appointees.
This move combined the political patronage system of 19th century American politics with the traditional Hawaiian chiefly role of beneficently delegating authority to trusted retainers.
In 1919, Kūhiō introduced in Congress the first-ever Hawaii Statehood Act. It would be another 40 years before seeing fruition.
During this period, the
Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921
was signed by President
Warren G. Harding
. Despite Kūhiō's wishes, the Act contained high blood-quantum requirements, and leased land instead of granting it fee-simple, creating a perpetual government institution. This act and the others that followed continue to be controversial in contemporary Hawaiian politics, and have been used to justify more recent legislation like the
He served on the first Hawaiian Homes Commission starting on September 16, 1921.
Kūhiō died on January 7, 1922. His body was interred near his royal family at the
known as Mauna ʻAla in
on the island of Oʻahu.
Kūhiō is memorialized by streets, beaches and surf breaks,
Kuhio Beach Park
near his birthplace, the
Prince Kūhiō Plaza Shopping Center
, and the
Prince Kuhio Federal Building
named in his honor.
Prince Kūhiō Day
on March 26 is a state holiday that honors Kūhiō's birth.
Two of Hawaii's public schools also honor the memory of Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole: Prince Jonah Kuhio Elementary School in Honolulu and Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole Elementary and Intermediate School in Papaikou, Hawaii, near Hilo on the Island of Hawaii.
REFLECTING ON AN EARLY CHILDHOOD PARTNER
MAKING A DIFFERENCE...
Pioneering efforts by special persons such as Dr. Calvin Sia, Gail Breakey, Jean Johnson and others laid the ground work for early childhood to become more - today, our children have advocates - we thank the past "pioneers" who taught us to become the voices of today...Mahalo to Deb Zysman, Executive Director, of
Hawaii Children's Action Network:
Community Champion Members
Our Community Champion members comprise a movement that shares one goal: To make Hawaiʻi a great place to be a kid. We partner with families, policy makers, business leaders, preschools, and nonprofit agencies to ensure Hawaiʻi’s children are healthy, safe and ready to learn. With a unified voice, we speak for Hawaiʻi’s future. Community Champion members come together each year to create a
Children’s Policy Agenda
Learn more about the Community Champion membership, and sign up today!
Meet our active members:
- ACLU Hawaiʻi
- ALICE Policy Hui
- Aloha Diaper Bank
- Breastfeeding Hawaiʻi
- Caring for Hawaii Neonates
- Epic 'Ohana, Inc.
- Family Programs Hawaii
- Family Support Hawaii
- Hawai'i Appleseed Center for Law and Economic Justice
- Hawai'i Women in Filmmaking
- Hawaii Appleseed
- Hawaii Diaper Bank
- Hawaii Pacific Health
- Hawaii State PTSA
- Hawaii State Teacher's Association
- Hawaii Youth Services Network
- Imua Family Services
- Parents And Children Together
- Parents And Children Together
- People Attentive to Children (Patch)
- Raise Up Hawaiʻi
- The Learning Coalition/HEʻE Coalition
- Zonta International
- Paula Adams
- Ericka Chavez
- Elisabeth Chun
- Midwives Alliance of Hawaii
- Breastfeeding Hawaii
- Jackie Jackson
- Quin Ogawa
- David Okumura
- Robert Peters
- Jeannine Souki
Hawaii's keiki need superheroes like you to spread the word! Join us on:
Hawaiʻi Children's Action Network
850 Richards St, Suite 201
Honolulu, HI 96813