As we learned yesterday, the gender pay gap, while narrowing, still exists. But unequal pay isn’t the only way women have experienced discrimination throughout history. According to famed Suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton: “The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.” In 1848, these facts included:

  • Women were not allowed to vote
  • Women had to submit to laws when they had no voice in their formation
  • Married women had no property rights
  • Husbands had legal power over and responsibility for their wives to the extent that they could imprison or beat them with impunity
  • Women had to pay property taxes although they had no representation in the levying of these taxes
  • Most occupations were closed to women and when women did work they were paid only a fraction of what men earned
  • Women were not allowed to enter professions such as medicine or law
  • Women had no means to gain an education since no college or university would accept women students
  • With only a few exceptions, women were not allowed to participate in the affairs of the church
  • Women were robbed of their self-confidence and self-respect, and were made totally dependent on men

Much progress has been made since Stanton’s time, but there is still work to do.


  • Watch this short video to learn a quick history of women and money from 1865 to today and beyond. (1:49 mins)

  • This video from PEOPLE was released during Women’s History Month in 2021 and highlights moments in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. (3:04 mins)
  • In this episode of the ACLU’s At Liberty Podcast, Tarana Burke and Alyssa Milano discuss the future of #metoo. (30:20 mins)

  • Check out this research from the PEW Research Center, “A Century After Women Gained the Right To Vote, Majority of Americans See Work To Do on Gender Equality.”