Urban Growth Leads to Shorter, More Intense Wet Seasons in Florida Peninsula
New research from Florida State University scientists has found that urban areas throughout the Florida peninsula are experiencing shorter, increasingly intense wet seasons relative to underdeveloped or rural areas. The study, published in the Nature Partner Journal Climate and Atmospheric Science, provides new insight into the question of land development's effect on seasonal climate processes. Using a system that indexed urban land cover on a scale of one to four - one being least urban and four being most urban - the researchers mapped the relationship between land development and length of wet season. "What we found is a trend of decreasing wet-season length in Florida's urban areas compared to its rural areas," said
, associate professor of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science and lead investigator of the study.
Following the Money: Financial Credit Drives Urban Land-use Change in the United States
Conservationists and natural resource managers have lost ground over the past 20 years as more and more natural land-especially on the coast-has given way to homes and businesses, threatening the natural ecosystem. University of Miami Associate Professor in Biology
Kathleen Sullivan Sealey
and her colleagues set out to find out why by investigating the ecology of finance and the financial innovations that have facilitated rapid housing development. In a study published in the journal Anthropocene entitled, "Financial credit drives urban land-use change in the United States," Sealey and her team borrowed concepts from ecology, finance, urban studies, and complex systems to develop a hypothesis about the fundamental shifts in the flow of money throughout the entire development and construction process. The paper lays the foundation for a new area of research in the coupled human-natural systems linking modern finance to climate and ecological change. "After three years of research that included a case study specific for South Florida, we found that the greatest attribute for the housing boom, from 1980 to 2008, was the key changes in banking regulations in the 1970s that allowed for increased availability of credit," said Sealey. "The key component was the ability to transfer investment risks for developers and lending institutions."
Sea Level Rise and Coastal Cities 2018 Spring Break Field Course
Materials are now available online from the Sea Level Rise and Coastal Cities 2018 Spring Break Field Course. This interdisciplinary team-taught course -- offered and taught by faculty from the UF Colleges of Design, Construction & Planning, Engineering, Law, and Journalism -- was coordinated by the Florida Climate Institute. In the first part of the semester, students were introduced via lecture to climate science, fundamentals of the planning & design, law & policy, engineering, and communications challenges that sea-level rise presents for coastal cities, using St. Augustine, with its unique cultural heritage and resources, as a case study. During an intensive field segment in St. Augustine over spring break, multidisciplinary grad student teams developed adaptation strategies to address the challenges of increased coastal flooding, outlining law and policy, historic preservation, design, infrastructure, and communication approaches. Working with city officials, staff, residents, and other experts, UF students applied their classroom learning to address real-world problems, developing creative solutions to pressing challenges facing coastal cities today.
UF Professor Wins Pulitzer for Book on Gulf
University of Florida history professor
Jack E. Davis
is the winner of the 2018 Pulitzer Prize in History for his book "
The Gulf: The Making of an American Sea
," the Pulitzer Prize Board announced today. "The Gulf" also won the Kirkus Prize, was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award, was a New York Times Notable Book, and made a number of other "best of" lists in national publications. When Davis first conceived of "The Gulf," the Deepwater Horizon accident that dumped 130 million gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico had not yet happened. That Davis was writing a history of the Gulf around the same time as the largest oil spill in history was coincidental, and allowed him to focus on aspects other than the spill, which he says, "seemed to rob the Gulf of Mexico of its true identity. I wanted to restore it, to show people that the Gulf is more than an oil spill," he said. "It's got a rich, natural history connected to Americans, and it's not integrated into the larger American historical narrative. That's a wrong I wanted to correct."
(UF) was awarded a 2018 UF "
Champions for Change
" award for her work with the Community Weatherization Coalition.
(FAMU) received a FAMU 2017 Emerging Researcher Award. This award is given to outstanding younger faculty members who engage in all areas of research and who demonstrate research excellence in their own fields of expertise.
A bipartisan group of lawmakers is pushing for action on climate change
- Apr 5, 2018)
Harvard says this is how Miami Beach avoids a 'dystopian' future of sea level rise
- Apr 12, 2018)
She wants to put her house on stilts. The idea could save Miami's flood-prone homes
- Apr 18, 2018)
Miami Beach's future is 'uncertain,' experts say, but sea rise pumps are a good start
- Apr 19, 2018)
The risk of sea level rise is chipping away at Miami home values, new research shows
- Apr 24, 2018)
How will sea level rise affect your home? Miami is creating a tool that will show you
- Apr 26, 2018)
Mosquito season could get longer and more hazardous to your health - especially in Miami
- May 1, 2018)
Apr 30-May 2, 2018 | 2018 Local Solutions: Eastern Climate Preparedness Conference | Manchester, NH
Jun 4-8, 2018 | 4th International Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change on the World's Oceans (ECCWO) | Washington, DC
Jun 6-8, 2018 | 20th Annual Weather Risk Management Association Meeting | Miami, FL
Oct 24-25, 2018 | Southeast Florida Regional Climate Leadership Summit | Miami Beach, FL
Nov 7-9, 2018 | National Disaster Resilience Conference | Clearwater, FL
May 5-9, 2019 | Keeping History Above Water Conference | St Augustine, FL
Available Now! A New Book from the FCI:
Florida's Climate: Changes, Variations, & Impacts
Florida's Climate: Changes, Variations, & Impacts
provides a thorough review of the current state of research on Florida's climate, including physical climate benchmarks; climate prediction, projection, and attribution; and the impacts of climate and climate change on the people and natural resources in the state. The book is available for purchase in paperback and Kindle format at
. Individual chapters may be accessed on the
FCI affiliates and/or authors from FCI member universities are in bold.
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James, S. A., Soltis, P. S., Belbin, L., Chapman, A. D., Nelson, G., Paul, D. L., & Collins, M. (2018). Herbarium data: Global biodiversity and societal botanical needs for novel research. Appl Plant Sci, 6(2), e1024.
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Kim, S., Saenz, B., Scanniello, J., Daly, K., & Ainley, D. (2018). Local climatology of fast ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 30(02), 125-142.
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Melvin, A. M., Celis, G., Johnstone, J. F., McGuire, A. D., Genet, H., Schuur, E. A. G., et al. (2018). Fuel-reduction management alters plant composition, carbon and nitrogen pools, and soil thaw in Alaskan boreal forest. Ecol Appl, 28(1), 149-161.
Misra, V., Mishra, A., Bhardwaj, A., Viswanthan, K., & Schmutz, D. (2018). The potential role of land cover on secular changes of the hydroclimate of Peninsular Florida. Clim Atmos Sci, 1(1).
Moore, B. D., Kaur, G., Motavalli, P. P., Zurweller, B. A., & Svoma, B. M. (2018). Soil greenhouse gas emissions from agroforestry and other land uses under different moisture regimes in lower Missouri River Floodplain soils: a laboratory approach. Agroforestry Systems, 92(2), 335-348.
Nasim, W., Amin, A., Fahad, S., Awais, M., Khan, N., Mubeen, M., et al. (2018). Future risk assessment by estimating historical heat wave trends with projected heat accumulation using SimCLIM climate model in Pakistan. Atmospheric Research, 205, 118-133.
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Wu, C., Hu, B. X., Huang, G., Wang, P., & Xu, K. (2018). Responses of runoff to historical and future climate variability over China. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22(3), 1971-1991.
The Florida Climate Institute (FCI) is a multi-disciplinary network of national and international research and public organizations, scientists, and individuals concerned with achieving a better understanding of climate variability and change.