Vocabulary of Carbon
Carbon Credits: Landowners receive credits with a financial value for trees--and carbon--left in the ground.
Cap and Trade: organizations are assigned a maximum of CO2 units they are legally allowed to emit. That's the cap. If another organization produces less than its cap, it can sell spare credits to another entity. This allows an offset to carbon over-production. That's the trade.
Greenhouse Gas (GCG): a gas that absorbs and radiates heat back to the earth, causing the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a greenhouse gas.
Carbon Sequestration: storing atmospheric carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon in trees, plants and grasses in the form of biomass in trunks, branches, roots and leaves. This is done through photosynthesis.
Carbon Footprint: How much CO2 an individual or entity emits into the atmosphere just by living or operating. It's measured in tons.
Carbon Neutrality: On a personal, organizational, or country level, this is a status where you remove as much carbon from the atmosphere as you add to it. It can be achieved by reducing emissions and/or purchasing carbon offset credits to bring your net carbon output to zero.