Variance Found in Cancer Rates of US-born Blacks versus Sub-Saharan Africa-born blacks living in the US
| A new study shows cancer rates of blacks in the US significantly differ by gender and region of birth. Blacks born in Sub-Saharan Africa show a much higher prevalence of infection-related cancer (liver, stomach, and Kaposi sarcoma), blood cancers (leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma), prostate cancer, and thyroid cancer (women only) than non-Hispanic black Americans born in the United States.
Researchers analyzed incidence data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER 17) program for the years 2000 through 2012, to compare the rates of the top 15 cancers in the subject populations. Learn more here.
Living in a Polluted Area May Increase Breast Cancer Risk
Women, age 40 and over, living in areas with high air pollution may be at increased risk for having dense breasts. The study, published in Breast Cancer Research, found that for every one unit increase in fine particle concentration, the chance of having dense breasts rose by 4 percent. The study also supported previous findings that breast density is inversely related to ozone.
Growing Disparities in Pre-screening Discussions About Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing
published in the journal, Urology, shows disparities in the quality of prescreening conversations on the benefits and drawbacks of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing for prostate cancer since the release of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against PSA-based prescreening.
This cross-sectional study of the 2012 and 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys shows the men least likely to receive counseling by their healthcare provider on the advantages and disadvantages of PSA screening were Hispanic, did not graduate high school, earned a low income, or did not have health insurance.
A summary of the recommendation against PSA-based screening by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is
Diabetes Rates Rising Fastest Amo
ng Minority Youth
A new observational study published in the New England J
ournal of Medicine shows a significant increase in the both type 1 and type 2 diabetes among all youth in the U.S.,
between 2002-2012, particularly for minority racial and ethnic groups.
The study indicates that minority youth are shouldering most of the burden of the increasing diabetes rate and highlights the critical need to identify approaches to reduce disparities among racial and ethnic groups.
Record Support in Congress for Single-Payer Health Care
There has been a recent surge of support for the single-payer health care bill
H.R. 676, the Expanded & Improved Medicare For All Act
. The bill has 98 co-sponsors (22 in April), which is the highest number of cosponsors ever, in terms of members and as a percentage of the House Democratic Caucus (more than 48 percent). The bill had 62 co-sponsors last Congress, and has averaged just 37 percent of the House Democratic Caucus since the bill was first introduced in 2003, by Rep. John Conyers, Jr.
The bill would establish the United States National Health Insurance Program and provide health care that includes all medically necessary care to all individuals residing in the United States and U.S. territories.
WHAT'S HAPPENING AT HPRC?
Spring Policy Forum: The Changing Climate (Environmental, Political & Social)
The Health Policy Research Consortium and Morgan State University, School of Community Health and Policy co-hosted a policy forum at Morgan State University, Baltimore, Md., April 20, 2017. The forum explored the intersection of climate change, public health, and public policy with discussions on the role public policy plays in reducing the health effects of these changes, and the influence individual people can have on the policy-making process.
HPRC's Medical Officer and past-president of the National Medical Association, Willarda Edwards M.D., M.B.A., discussed "Multi-Dimensional Climate Literacy and Civic Engagement: Supporting H
ealthy Communities." Other guest speakers included Dr. Lawrence Brown, Assistant Professor, Morgan State University; Ms. Raimee Eck, President, Maryland Public Health Association, and Dr. Alexander Wooten, Environmental Science Lecturer, Loyola University. The focus of the forum was "The Changing Climate (Environmental, Political, & Social), with the speakers exploring the social, economic, and political determinants of health.
Why Women Cry XII, From Genesis to Now: A Roadmap to Healing
In support of women and their loved ones bearing the burden of HIV/AIDS, HPRC facilitated a workshop on health care access at the 12th Annual
Why Women Cry
conference held April 17, at the Renaissance Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Catherine Pugh delivered the welcoming address.
The annual Why Women Cry conference was first held in 2005, in response to HHS's Office on Women's Health first call for a day of national observance to recognize the impact of HIV and AIDS on women and girls. The conference is organized by Sisters Together and Reaching, Inc. (STAR). Major partners include the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, and the Baltimore City Health Department.
HEALTH POLICY & RESEARCH NEWS
World No Tobacco Day 2017 Highlights Tobacco's Threats to Health and Economic Well-Being
World No Tobacco Day, May 31, is the World Health Organization's annual day of o
e of the dangers of using tobacco, the business practices of tobacco companies, wh
at is being done t
o fight the tobacco epidemic, and what people around the world can do to protect the right to health and healthy living for themselves and for future generations.
Truth Initiative and CVS Health Foundation have partnered on a joint initiative that will counteract the health effects caused by Big Tobac
ting of tobacco at African-American neighborhoods, low-income communities, and other disadvantaged populations. The joint initiative, "truth x CVS Health Foundation" expands technical assistance and support to 42 HBCUs and 64 community colleges in their efforts to implement comprehensive tobacco-free campus policies.
Truth Initiative and CVS Health Foundation Team Up to Eliminate Tobacco Use on HBCU Campuses
Since the launch of the CVS Health Foundation's tobacco-free college campus initiative in 2005, it has awarded grants to 135 college, helping 40 community colleges and 10 HBCUs to adopt smoke-free or tobacco-free policies. The CVS Health Foundation reports less than half of the 102 federally recognized HBCUs in the U.S., less than half have smoke-free or tobacco-free campus policies. Of the 1,108 community colleges in the U.S., only 360 have 100 percent smoke-free policies in place."
Nominations for the 2017 Roslyn S. Jaffe Award Now Open
Nominations for the fourth annual Roslyn S. Jaffe Awards are now being accepted through May 31, 2017. The 2017 award will recognize three people who are making the world a better place for women and/or children in the areas of health, education, social reform, and esteem. The organizations of the Grand Prize and runner-up awards will each receive grants from the program sponsor, ascena Foundation, of $100,000, and $25,000, respectively.
Nominees must be a legal resident of the United States; at least 18 years old on the date of nomination; and the creator or founder of an independent and autonomous social impact organization with an IRS 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status. The nominee must be the organization's principal decision maker in management and development matters. The organization must not be substantially supported by, or serve the purpose of promoting, religious or political organizations or beliefs. The 2017 award recipients will be announced October 20, 2017.
The 2016 recipients of the Grand Prize and $100,000, were T. Morgan Dixon and Vanessa Garrison, co-founders of
, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit dedicated to improving the overall health of African American women and girls. Launched in 2010, as a friendly challenge to their family and friends to walk their way to better health, GirlTrek has developed into a national organization that has engaged and inspired more than a 100,000 African American women to improve their health and their communities simply by committing to a daily habit of going for a walk.
Strong City Baltimore Diverse Portfolio of Programs and Activities Unified by Purpose and Common Cause
The driving force behind Strong City Baltimore is a holistic understanding of how the well-being of each Baltimore neighborhood is dependent on the well-being - and collaborative efforts -- of all Baltimore neighborhoods. That sense of interconnectedness extends to a diverse por
tfolio of programs and activities that are unified with the singular purpo
se of stre
ngthening the people and communities of Baltimore.
Civic engagement was front and center at the 10th annual Neighborhood Institute (NI). Hosted by Strong City Baltimore on April 29, the NI held 40 workshops and breakout sessions on Skill Building for Community Leaders; Healthy, Robust, and Connected Communities; Promoting Economic Development; Community Wealth Building; Building Organizational Resources; Tools for Social Change; Strengthening Public Schools and Youth; Building Collective Power; and Advancing Equity. The day-long conference provided community residents, neighborhood leaders, and community development professionals the skills, training, and tools they need to take on the challenges that affect the range of social and structural determinants of health.
WHAT: 2017 Practical Playbook National Meeting: Improving Population Health: Collaborative Strategies that Work
May 31 to June 2, 2017,
WHERE: The Westin Washington, D.C. City Center
Click here for additional information.
Please feel free to contact the HPRC Team at 301.375.2021 with any questions.
The Health Policy Research Consortium
HPRC, a CTIS Inc. division, is supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) of the National Institutes of Health under award number #1U54MD008608-01. This content does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.