August 2018 

 Volume: 10 Issue: 8                     

Quote of the Month
Sponsor A Legacy Tree   
   Each tree sponsored is tax deductible 
Plant Your Legacy Tree
Tours available, join us and experience 
Mauna Kea slopes while 
planting your family Legacy Tree. 
                  By Hawaii Ecotourism Association
                                      Darrell Fox A1 
From The Field
By Darrell Fox, COO 
Weather to Remember or What to Remember about Weather
When the Hamakua site was selected for the HLH reforestation and sustainable timber project we looked at a wide range of risk factors we wanted to reduce and a wide range of environmental conditions we wanted to maximize. It is interesting that just a couple of months ago I was writing about the lava and earthquake risk as one of those conditions. Hamakua was far outside of the risk from earthquake and lava. Now the question has been coming up regarding the recent close approach of Hurricane Lane. Historically, hurricanes have been rare events in Hawaii. The following chart shows the tracks of Central Pacific Hurricanes from 1949 to 1998.

This is the type of data that contributed to the selection of the Hamakua Coast for our operations. As you can see most of the Hurricane tracks are well south of the islands and those that move into the latitudes of the main Hawaiian Islands have rapidly dissipated. Hurricanes are fueled by warm ocean water and they are weakened when they travel over cooler ocean water. This is one of the reasons that climatologists are concerned about any ocean warming trend. Warmer oceans mean stronger and more frequent hurricanes. One of the things that has protected Hawaii is that we are not really in the tropics. We are considered to be sub-tropical Islands. Water temperatures around the main islands tend to be cooler than in the open ocean south of the state. The global mean ocean surface temperature can be seen in the following image courtesy of NASA.

As you would expect the water is warmer near the equator and cooler as you move toward the poles. If you look closely you can see Hawaii in the more yellow part of the graphic, just north of the warmer tropical waters. According to NASA it usually takes surface temperatures higher than 26 ˚C for a hurricane to form and to be sustained. This is equivalent to about 79 ˚F. If you look at the following graphic you can see the ocean temperature around Hawaii tends to be cooler around the windward and northern sides of the islands.

Our Hamakua project is on the northeast side of Hawaii Island and is afforded considerable protection from hurricanes entering these waters. Although large scale wind systems could steer a hurricane into these waters the cooler temperatures are going to have a dampening effect on storm intensity. As a side note you can also see why the hurricanes that have made it to Hawaii often have their greatest effect in the Oahu / Kauai pocket.

Hurricanes can be very large systems indeed, often dwarfing the island state in overall effect. Even outside of the sever wind effects the massive amount of moisture entrained in these storms can lead to extreme rainfall events.

This graphic is from Hurricane Lane. It only covers the 72 hours leading up to 8/25/18. In some areas total accumulation attributed to the storm topped 4 feet. We had about 3 in Hamakua. Historically, the hurricane season coincides with the driest months of the year. The ground moisture is at its lowest and growth rates tend to be reduced. Water preservation strategies used by the trees results in lower uptake of nutrients and lower uptake of Carbon Dioxide. In essence the trees are just waiting for rain. Hurricanes passing through the area are often just what the doctor ordered. The soil is dry and has tremendous capacity to take up and hold this water. A fully saturated soil profile can provide months of water to the trees it supports. Additionally, this water allows the trees to take advantage of the longer days and stronger sun of summer. Transpiration is re-invigorated, Carbon Dioxide uptake is maximal, nutrient uptake increases and growth can be remarkable. As a result, the summer hurricane season is not bad news for trees on the Hamakua coast.

Hurricane Lane brought record rainfall to Hawaii. Some low lying areas prone to flooding suffered damage. On the slopes of Mauna Kea the terrain limits ponding and abundant gulches channel the excess to the sea. It is truly a magical place to be.
Planting Trees In Hawaii Offsets Carbon Impact Of Traveling To Islands
ADA News
By David Burger
July 17, 2018
Replenishment: Dr. Jeffrey Cole, left, with wife Linda, plant a tree at the Gunstock Ranch in Oahu during a May trip to Hawaii. 
Honolulu - Surfing. Swimming. Snorkeling. Offsetting your carbon footprint.

All of the above can be easily done in the Aloha State.

The Association is collaborating with the nonprofit Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative and Hawaii Convention Center to plant trees during ADA 2018 - America's Dental Meeting in October to symbolize the ADA's commitment to the islands and sustainability.
To kick-start the effort, Dr. Jeffrey Cole, ADA president-elect, visited Hawaii in May with his wife Linda and participated in a tree planting at Gunstock Ranch on the North Shore of Oahu. Oahu will host the ADA annual meeting Oct. 18-22 in Honolulu.

"As contributing members of our community, both professional and personal, we are always working to give back to the public," Dr. Cole said. "Our organization's vision is helping the public achieve optimal health, so it made sense to participate in this initiative. Our partnership with the Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative offers a great opportunity to offset our carbon footprint in traveling here and to help keep the islands that we love pristine and picturesque for years to come." 
The Hawaii Convention Center has committed to planting one million Legacy Trees across the state, where fewer than 10 percent of the old-growth native and endemic forests remain. 

The Initiative has reforested more than 400,000 trees across 1,200 acres on the island of Hawaii since 2010 and will reforest more than 600,000 trees at Gunstock Ranch. 

Teri Orton, general manager of the Hawaii Convention Center, said participation in the program allows the Center's guests to "become more intimately connected to the islands." 
Hawaii Convention Center guests receive a special Legacy Tree sponsorship rate for the reforestation of koa trees, which are rare and endemic to Hawaii.

"The impact of planting a single tree is significant," said Jeff Dunster, executive director of the Initiative. "Just one koa tree can offset a weeklong trip to Hawaii for a family of four."

ADA annual meeting attendees are invited to visit the Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative booth on the exhibit hall floor to sponsor a koa Legacy Tree for $60 with the option of signing up for a Hawaiian Legacy Tour, in which they can tour the 600-acre Gunstock Ranch and plant a seedling on Oahu's North Shore. Planting tours are also available at the Legacy Forest on the island of Hawaii.
In addition, dental professionals can also sponsor a tree prior, during or after the meeting by visiting

"Making a difference isn't a one-time thing," Dr. Cole said. "Bring the aloha spirit back home with you and continue your work."

The tree also symbolizes the newly unveiled ADA master brand, which has been represented visually as a tree with deep roots historically and culturally. Like a strong tree, the ADA continues to grow, strengthening the profession of dentistry and advancing the overall oral health of the public. 

The ADA is donating $6,000 to the Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative, essentially purchasing 100 trees. To sponsor a Legacy Tree or for more information, visit 

Registration for ADA 2018 is open. To register or learn more, visit   
One-Of-A-Kind Gifts

Legacy Forest Gifts 
August 2018
As our gift to you for your tax deductible sponsorship of 282  Koa Legacy Trees ($90.00 per tree) . Please contact us at 1-844-REFOREST or [email protected] to start your forest today!  
This beautiful Hawaiian calabash and cover is hand-carved from native Hawaiian milo wood and inlaid with rare black coral. It was created to demonstrate how closely the Hawaiian culture is tied to the aina (land) and how closely the land is connected to the sea. By planting trees, we can help save both Hawaii's forests and its coral reefs 365 days a year.  
This one-of-a-kind piece was created by renowned wood artisan   Scott Hare  and is being given as a gift for the tax deductible sponsorship of 422 Legacy Trees.
Click here to see more: 
Conservation Group Plans
Legacy Forest On Oahu
Travel Weekly 
By Tovin Lapan 
August 10, 2018 
The Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative, a nonprofit organization dedicated to bringing back native forests to the Aloha State, has added a project to its portfolio.

The organization is now working to restore native Hawaiian milo trees in addition to its other reforestation efforts. The first Oahu Legacy Forest, a 500-acre planned forest located at Gunstock Ranch in Laie-Malaekahana, will feature milo trees. In all, it will eventually support 600,000 newly planted trees and be home to numerous rare and endangered species. The Hawaiian milo is a tree with a bright-yellow flower and is prized for its wood to make bowls, carvings and musical instruments. The reforestation initiative is working with the 750-acre Gunstock Ranch, a working cattle and horse ranch, to convert much of the land back to native forest.
Visitors to the new Legacy Forest will be able to sponsor and plant a "Monarch Milo" Legacy Tree through the  Hawaiian Legacy Tours . Milo trees are also available for sponsorship online via the Reforestation Initiative's website,, for $90 per tree. The organization uses radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology to record the growth, health, location and sponsorship details of each tree, and trees can be tracked online.

The Oahu Legacy Forest will be the third forest of its kind in Hawaii. The 700-acre Legacy Forest on Kahua Ranch, created in April 2017, will include dozens of endemic and native Hawaiian species on the western slopes of the Kohala Mountains. The original Legacy Forest at Kukaiau Ranch along the Hamakua Coast of Hawaii Island spans over 400,000 endemic trees on almost 1,200 acres of former pastureland. Legacy Tree sponsors often plant a tree to honor an individual, commemorate an event or memorialize a loved one.

The Hawaiian Legacy Reforestation Initiative goal is to reforest 1.3 million trees across the Aloha State, one for each person living in Hawaii.
Click to read the full article: Conservation Group Plans Legacy Forest On Oahu
How To Practice 'Forest Bathing' In A Park
Tree Hugger
By Melissa Breyer
July16, 2018

  ©  Aygul Bulte

The Japanese pursuit of shinrin-yoku uses trees and nature to heal oneself - here's how you can do it even in a park.

Japanese "forest medicine" is the science of using nature to heal oneself of all that ails. In the 1980s, researchers in Japan started extolling the science behind the benefits of being outdoors. And in 1982, the Japanese government   introduced the concept  of shinrin yoku, or "forest bathing," urging people to make use of the country's generous wooded areas for therapy.

In the following decades the benefits of spending time amongst the trees have been confirmed over and over. One comprehensive review just concluded that spending time in greenspace "reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, preterm birth, stress, and high blood pressure, among other benefits." (See more here:    Vast new study confirms significant health benefits of nature.)

Which is all fine and good if you happen to live next to the woods. But what about the rest of us - the city mice who may be in need of some forest medicine the most?

Enter physician Qing Li, chairman of the Japanese Society for Forest Medicine and author of the new book, Forest Bathing: How Trees Can Help You Find Health and Happiness. It is  such  a lovely book; hard covered (for lots of thumbing through) and filled with beautiful photos of the woods. And Li's writing is wonderful. "I am a scientist, not a poet," he explains, as he writes poetically about the science of trees. He has taken it upon himself to investigate the how behind why nature makes us feel so good.
"I want to know why we feel so much better when we are in nature. What is this secret power of trees that makes us feel so much healthier and happier?"
The book beautifully explores the science of forest medicine - and goes into great detail about how to practice shinrin-yoku. And for those of us without much forest around? Li offers these simple steps for starters:

How to do shinrin-yoku in the park
1. Leave behind your phone, camera, music and any other distractions
2. Leave behind your expectations
3. Slow down; forget about the time
4. Come into the present moment
5. Find a spot to sit - on the grass, beside a tree, or on a park bench
6. Notice what you can hear and see
7. Notice what you feel
8. Stay for two hours if possible (though you will notice the effects after twenty minutes)

No phone? Sit on a bench for two hours? Can a city inhabitant actually find the courage to pursue such an endeavor? Well, I have tried it ... and I survived to tell you this: It is possible! And it is wonderful; I left a changed person and I plan to take this medicine on a regular basis. The trees are all around and here to help, why turn our backs on them? Instead, take a break, embrace them, and let their secret powers do some magic.

Click to read the full article: How To Practice 'Forest Bathing' In A Park
In This Issue
From The Field
Planting Trees In Hawaii Offsets Carbon Impact Of Traveling To Islands
One-Of-A-Kind Gifts
Conservation Group Plans Legacy Forest On Oahu
How To Practice 'Forest Bathing' In A Park

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