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Today's Headlines: November 7, 2018

B iological Agents & Infectious Diseases

DRC Reports 3 Ebola Cases in High-Risk Village, 2 Others (CIDRAP) The number of Ebola cases confirmed in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) grew by 5 today, including 3 from a security red zone in Kalunguta health zone, the country's health ministry said today in its daily update.  Go to article


Global Health & Security

Uganda Vaccinates Front-line Health-workers Against Ebola (WHO) The Ministry of Health (MoH) with support from the World Health Organization has started vaccinating frontline health workers against the Ebola Virus Disease . The exercise has begun today in Ntoroko district and will initially be implemented in the five high-risk districts bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Go to article

Avian Influenza Could Spread Along Wild Birds' Migration Routes This Winter (WHO) This winter, health authorities and people living in countries of the WHO European Region located along wild birds' migration routes should be particularly vigilant about avian influenza outbreaks in poultry and wild birds. Since some avian influenza viruses can infect humans, it is important that people in countries experiencing outbreaks take protective steps and avoid contact with sick and dead birds or contaminated environments.  Go to article

Lessons from The Ebola Front Lines 
(Nature) When you work inside a system that you believe in, yet recognize as dysfunctional, it can be hard to offer a balanced critique. And the stakes are high when the system in question is the response to a humanitarian emergency, where public opinion determines crucial funding. Outbreak Culture, on the Ebola crisis of 2013-16, strikes this delicate balance expertly.  Go to article

We're in Constant Fear of Armed Attack as We Treat Ebola Patients in Congo (The Guardian) I have been responding to different disease outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for 18 years, yet I have never seen anything as challenging as containing Ebola in an armed-conflict zone.  Go to article


Government Affairs & National Security

Science Candidates Prevail in US Midterm Elections (Nature) The results of the political experiment are in. At least 11 candidates with backgrounds in science, technology, engineering or medicine won election to the US House of Representatives on 6 November - including several who had never before run for political office.  Go to article


Medicine & Public Health

Rodent Control to Fight Lassa Fever: Evaluation and Lessons Learned from a 4-Year Study in Upper Guinea (PLOS) Lassa fever is a viral haemorrhagic fever caused by an arenavirus. The disease is endemic in West African countries, including Guinea.  Go to article

Themis Eyes Phase 3 Study for Chikungunya Vaccine After Passing Midstage Test (FiercePharma) There aren't any vaccines or treatments for the painful viral infection chikungunya, but with phase 2 results announced this week, Themis hopes it's one step closer to changing that.  Go to article


Science & Technology

How Biologists Are Creating Life-like Cells from Scratch (Nature) There were just eight ingredients: two proteins, three buffering agents, two types of fat molecule and some chemical energy. But that was enough to create a flotilla of bouncing, pulsating blobs - rudimentary cell-like structures with some of the machinery necessary to divide on their own.  Go to article

Diagnosis of West Nile Virus Infection in Patient Returning to Belgium from Hungary by Using Next-Generation Sequencing (CDC) An elderly patient in Belgium who became critically ill after returning from Hungary was tested for pathogens using routine diagnostic tests. All results were negative. However, using next-generation sequencing on a cultured respiratory sample, laboratorians detected a complete West Nile virus genome, similar to strains isolated in southeastern Europe.

Detection of Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus Infection Among Animal Shelter Workers Using a Novel Serological Approach-New York City, 2016-2017. (Pub-Med) In 2016, an influenza A (H7N2) virus outbreak occurred in cats in New York City's municipal animal shelters. One human infection was initially detected.  Go to article


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