Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): What Pregnant Women and Families with Children Need to Know
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), we have limited pregnancy-specific data about COVID-19 at this time. However, based on prior outbreaks caused by similar viruses (i.e. SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV), we know pregnant women and babies may be at risk of becoming sick.
THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND:
1. During Pregnancy, a woman's immune system is less quick to respond to illness so they are more likely to become sick.
- High fevers during the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of certain birth defects.
- Miscarriage and stillbirth have been observed with other coronaviruses and infections (i.e. flu) during pregnancy.
2. Based on limited reports, adverse outcomes like preterm birth have been reported among babies born to moms with COVID-19, but it's not clear if that's related to maternal infection.
3. We don't know whether a pregnant woman with COVID-19 can transmit the virus to her baby and there's no information on the long-term health effects on infants. Recent data has shown that babies born to mothers with the virus didn't test positive for COVID-19.
4. There is not enough data yet to know if the virus can spread from you to your baby by breastfeeding. To date, the COVID-19 virus hasn't been found amniotic fluid or breastmilk.
5. Children do not appear to be at a higher risk of getting COVID-19 based on the limited data available. Reports show that children with COVID-19 have mild symptoms; serious problems are rare.
WHAT EVERYONE CAN DO TO PREVENT INFECTION
1. Stay up-to-date on vaccinations, including the flu vaccine.
2. Stay home when you're sick and avoid close contact with people who may be sick.
3. Cough or sneeze into a tissue or into your arm. Throw used tissues in the trash.
4. Try not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
5. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol.
6. Clean and disinfect objects you touch regularly and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe. Use hot, soapy water or a dishwasher to wash dishes and utensils.
7. Talk to your health care provider about your health and risk of COVID-19.