Not all birth defects are preventable, but healthy lifestyle choices lower the risk of birth defects. A combination of Exposures and Risk Factors contribute to raising or reducing the chances of birth defects.
Environmental Factors, like infection, toxic chemical exposure, and substance use, are associated with 10% of birth defects.
Chromosomal Abnormalities play a role in 20% of birth defects.
70% of Birth Defects have an unknown cause, but many are likely a combination of gene-environment interaction.