by Bricio Vasquez, Ph.D., & Chloe Latham Sikes, Ph.D.
Texas’ school finance system is a complex series of formulae that determine how much local and state funding goes to public schools. Since IDRA’s founding in 1973, IDRA has worked to make public school funding transparent and accessible.
In addition to launching our new school finance data dashboards (see below), IDRA is available to provide school finance data analysis at the state or district-level to help communities and lawmakers understand how different policy proposals will impact their districts.
The data reflect key elements of the Texas school finance system, five of which are described in this article.
1. School funding is based on student attendance.
2. School funding is still a matter of where you live.
3. Only one in five emergent bilingual (English learner) students is served in a dual language bilingual education program.
4. Over 10% of Texas students receive special education services.
5. Public schools remain underfunded.