, or the
"19th of June"
, recognizes June 19, 1865, in Galveston, TX, when Union General Gordon Granger announced freedom for all slaves in the Southwest. Texas was the last state in rebellion to allow slavery following the end of the
. This occurred more than two and a half years after the
was issued by President Abraham Lincoln. Upon the issuing of
General Order #3
by General Granger, the former slaves celebrated, establishing America's second Independence Day Celebration and the oldest African American holiday observance.
is now recognized as a state holiday or state holiday observance in
. In 2003, the
District of Columbia
passed legislation to recognize
as a district holiday observance.
Since 1997, the
has unanimously passed legislation recognizing
for several years. In 2016, the