Editor's Note
FDA and FTC sent more warning letters to companies for a variety of products allegedly promoted to mitigate, prevent, treat, diagnose, or cure COVID-19 in people. FDA and FTC warned SpiceTac and Life Unlearned for allegedly promoting vitamin C and D products with COVID-19 claims through the Amazon Associates program. FDA and FTC also sent warning letters to Apollo Holding LLC for alleged claims made to market supplement and cannabidiol (CBD) products, and to North Coast Biologics alleged claims used to market an unapproved new drug product that FDA also considers an unlicensed biological product. FDA sent an additional three warning letters to 4nrx.md, Roidsmall.net and Emedkit for allegedly promoting drug products with COVID-19 related claims.
May 20, 2020
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Most recent COVID-19-related FDA warning letters:

  1. North Coast Biologics
  2. Apollo Holding LLC
  3. Roidsmall.net
  4. Emedkit.com
  5. 4nrx.md
  6. Life Unlearned, LLC
  7. SpiceTac

This is to advise you that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reviewed your website at the Internet address www.spicetac.com on May 11, 2020 and May 18, 2020, respectively. While reviewing your website, FDA observed that you participate in the Amazon Associates program. As an Amazon associate, you earn commissions by promoting the sale of a vitamin C product (hereinafter referred to as “Amazon associate product”) with claims on your website representing or implying that the product can mitigate, prevent, treat, diagnose, or cure COVID-19 in people. Based on our review, these claims cause the Amazon associate product purchased through links on your website to be an unapproved new drug under section 505(a) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), 21 U.S.C. § 355(a). Furthermore, this product is a misbranded drug under section 502 of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 352. Causing the introduction or delivery for introduction of this product into interstate commerce is prohibited under sections 301(a) and (d) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 331(a) and (d). In addition, it is a prohibited act under section 301(k) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. § 331(k), to do any act with respect to a drug, if such act is done while the drug is held for sale after shipment in interstate commerce and results in the drug being misbranded.

There is currently a global outbreak of respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus that has been named “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2” (SARS-CoV-2). The disease caused by the virus has been named “Coronavirus Disease 2019” (COVID-19). On January 31, 2020, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued a declaration of a public health emergency related to COVID-19 and mobilized the Operating Divisions of HHS. In addition, on March 13, 2020, the President declared a national emergency in response to COVID-19. Therefore, FDA is taking urgent measures to protect consumers from certain products that, without approval or authorization by FDA, claim to mitigate, prevent, treat, diagnose, or cure COVID-19 in people. As described above, you promote and participate in the sale of a product for use in mitigating, preventing, treating, diagnosing, or curing COVID-19 in people, as evidenced by the claims from your website quoted below. We request that you immediately cease promoting and participating in the sale of such an unapproved and unauthorized product for the mitigation, prevention, treatment, diagnosis, or cure of COVID-19.

Some examples of the claims on your websites that establish the intended use of your Amazon associate product and misleadingly represent it as safe and/or effective for the treatment or prevention of COVID-19 include:

  • “Your Coronavirus Secret Weapon – Vitamin C . . .Vitamin C can be your secret weapon against the Coronavirus! . . . The Surgeon General and other U.S. health officials have told us that masks are not very effective against the virus . . . [t]he secret weapon that is not being talked about is Vitamin C (chemically Ascorbic Acid), the good old fashioned cold fighter…I take Vitamin C daily and just reordered some to be sure I don’t run out before Coronavirus season does!. . .Consider it cheap insurance…[image of product/Amazon associate link].” [from your website www.spicetac.com/blog/your-coronavirus-secret-weapon-vitamin-c/]
  • “I take Vitamin C daily and just reordered some to be sure I don’t run out before Coronavirus season does! Consider it cheap insurance. . . [image of product/Amazon associate link]” [from your website www.spicetac.com/blog/your-coronavirus-secret-weapon-vitamin-c/]
  • “New SpiceTac blog post. Why you should think about Vitamin C! . . . Your Coronavirus Secret Weapon – Vitamin C” [from a March 14 post on your social media site www.facebook.com/SpiceTac/about/?ref=page_internal]

You should take immediate action to correct the violations cited in this letter. This letter is not meant to be an all-inclusive list of violations that exist in connection with your products or operations. It is your responsibility to ensure that your activities as an Amazon associate do not violate the FD&C Act. We advise you to review your websites and other labeling and promotional materials to ensure that you are not misleadingly representing your Amazon associate product as safe and effective for a COVID-19-related use for which it has not been approved by FDA and that you do not make claims that misbrand the product in violation of the FD&C Act.  Within 48 hours, please send an email to  COVID-19-Task-Force-CDER@fda.hhs.gov  describing the specific steps you have taken to correct these violations. Include an explanation of each step being taken to prevent the recurrence of violations, as well as copies of related documentation.  Failure to immediately correct the violations cited in this letter may result in legal action, including, without limitation, seizure and injunction.

FDA is advising consumers not to purchase or use certain products that have not been approved, cleared, or authorized by FDA and that are being misleadingly represented as safe and/or effective for the treatment or prevention of COVID-19. Your firm will be added to a published list on FDA’s website of firms and websites that have received warning letters from FDA concerning the sale or distribution of COVID-19 related products in violation of the FD&C Act. This list can be found at  http://www.fda.gov/consumers/health-fraud-scams/fraudulent-coronavirus-disease-covid-19-products . Once you have taken corrective actions to cease promoting the sale of unapproved and unauthorized products for the mitigation, prevention, treatment, diagnosis, or cure of COVID-19, and such actions have been confirmed by the FDA, the published list will be updated to indicate that your firm has taken appropriate corrective action.

If you cannot complete corrective action within 48 hours, state the reason for the delay and the time within which you will complete the corrections. If you believe that your Amazon associate products and activities are not in violation of the FD&C Act, include your reasoning and any supporting information for our consideration. Please direct any inquiries to FDA at  COVID-19-Task-Force-CDER@fda.hhs.gov .

In addition, it is unlawful under the FTC Act, 15 U.S.C. 41 et seq., to advertise that a product can prevent, treat, or cure human disease unless you possess competent and reliable scientific evidence, including, when appropriate, well-controlled human clinical studies, substantiating that the claims are true at the time they are made. For COVID-19, no such study is currently known to exist for the product identified above. Thus, any coronavirus-related prevention or treatment claims regarding such product are not supported by competent and reliable scientific evidence. You must immediately cease making all such claims. Violations of the FTC Act may result in legal action seeking a Federal District Court injunction and an order may require that you pay back money to consumers. Within 48 hours, please send an email to Richard Cleland, Assistant Director of the FTC’s Division of Advertising Practices, via electronic mail at rcleland@ftc.gov describing the specific actions you have taken to address the FTC’s concerns. If you have any questions regarding compliance with the FTC Act, please contact Mr. Cleland at 202-326-3088.

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