Long Island Swimming Officials Association 
Serving Long Island Swimmers for 60 years!  
Let's see how this goes ...

For over 60 years, we have worked together to successfully provide a positive experience for the swimmers, coaches and swim teams of Long Island. Michael Jordan once said "Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence wins championships." As we add new officials to our association, lets make sure we maintain our strong history of working well together, so that we continue to be the "champions" of officials organizations. When we all help each other, everybody wins.

George Fleckenstein
During the 2018-19 year, the NFHS will celebrate 100 years as an organization and its 100th Summer Meeting in July 2019.
Throughout the year, the NFHS will highlight and celebrate its extensive history from its formation in 1920 to today. Each month,  www.nfhs.org/100years  will feature a new video highlighting a part of the NFHS' past.
The year will culminate with the 100th NFHS Summer Meeting next July in Indianapolis, which will include an open house, historical display and final night celebration.
Enjoy your summer!
LISOA Meeting Dates 

Tuesday,  September 25  – Rules Interpretation Meeting - Long Island Expressway Welcome Center 7:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.

Wednesday,  November 7  - Pre-Season Meeting

Tuesday,  November 27  – Relay Carnival, Sect. VIII  NCAC - clinic

Tuesday,  December 4  - Relay Carnival, Sect. XI  NCAC - clinic

Thursday,  January 10  - Nominating/Business Meeting

Tuesday,  January 29  - General Elections Meting

March 2019  - Annual Recognition Dinner Meeting

Active members are required to attend  a minimum of three (3) meetings and/or clinics . As prescribed in Article I of the By-Laws,   attendance at a rules interpretation meeting is required.
Things Every Diving Judge Should Know...
  • the areas of consideration in awarding points for diving (9-7-1)
The areas of consideration in
awarding points are the
starting position,
and entry into the water.

  • the required aspects of each of these areas (9-5)
2017-2018 NFHS Swimming and Diving exam
From Rules Interpreter Bob Kersch
To take the annual Federation test, go to https://exams.nfhs.org/exams . Once you are in the site please check the "SETTINGS" before you take the test. Your primary state association is New York. Leave the secondary State Association blank. If your primary membership is with the LISOA, your local association is Long Island .

The exam window for the 2018-2019 season will open on  Wednesday August 1st  and close on   Sunday September 16th .   A passing score of 85 is necessary in order to officiate. If you do not pass, please take the exam again.

Please review the new rules for the 2018-19 season carefully. There are several major changes that you should be aware of prior to taking the Federation test.

We will review the application of all the new rules and requirements when we hold our first LISOA meeting on Tuesday, September 25.
LISOA Permanent Historical Display
If you are interested in helping gather and display our 60 years of historical memorabilia please contact our chairman Peter Moeschen or George Fleckenstein. We will be provided a space in the Nassau County Aquatic Center to attractively exhibit our material.
The committee will be responsible for arranging a professional presentation and then occasional updates. If you know someone with an artistic talent (art teacher, designer, etc) that could help with the initial design and formation please let us know.
Swimming & Diving Points of Emphasis
By NFHS July 2018
Suit Coverage

Rule 3-3-1 states all suits shall be of one piece and competitors shall not be permitted to participate wearing a suit that is not of decent appearance. Boys shall wear suits which cover the buttocks while girls shall wear suits which cover the buttocks and breasts. If individuals or teams are in violation of this rule, officials are encouraged to contact the head coach of the offending team, rather than the student, requesting that all team members be appropriately equipped with uniforms that meet specified standards. School administrators and coaches are also asked to be proactive in monitoring their athletes’ compliance with this rule. If the athlete cannot or will not comply with the suit coverage rule, they will be disqualified from events until they are in legal attire. Coaches are encouraged to select team suits that provide appropriate coverage as it pertains to NFHS rules.

Guidelines on Handling Contests During Lightning or Thunder Disturbances

The NFHS Sports Medicine Advisory Committee (SMAC) convened in March 2018 and revised its “Guidelines on Handling Practices and Contests During Lightning or Thunder Disturbances” (see Appendix H). These revised guidelines provide a model policy for consideration by those responsible or sharing duties for making decisions concerning the suspension and restarting of practices and contests based on the presence of lightning or thunder.

Even though large, substantial buildings containing electrical wiring and plumbing are generally considered as safe, there may still be a potential risk of lightning injury in certain situations indoors. Lightning can enter a building through electrical or telephone wiring and plumbing, which makes locker-room shower areas, swimming pools (indoor and outdoor), landline telephones, and electrical appliances unsafe during thunderstorms because of the potential contact injury. Even if the building is customarily grounded for electricity, lightning is often fast enough and powerful enough to spread and injure someone before the ground fault interrupters or other systems are triggered to protect the person touching any of these systems. Indoor swimming pools are just as dangerous as outdoor pools because lighting, heating, plumbing, and drains used in indoor pools ultimately connect to materials outside the building that can be used to transmit the lightning energy into the building or pool. If people cannot reach a safer location when thunderstorms are in their area, they should at least avoid the riskiest locations and activities, including elevated places, open areas, tall isolated objects, and being in, on, or at the edge of large bodies of water, including swimming pools, as all of these locations are not lightning safe!  

Remember, The NFHS Guidelines state that activities should be suspended at the first sound of thunder or sighting of lightning and should not be resumed until 30 minutes after the last thunder is heard or lightning is seen. Host management should have a plan in place regarding inclement weather that includes assignment of a staff member to monitor local weather conditions, development of an evacuation plan, and development of criteria for suspension and resumption of play. 
The lightning safety policy should be reviewed annually with all administrators, coaches, officials, and meet personnel. Student-athletes and their parents should be informed of the lightning policy at the start of each sports season.  A lightning safety policy is only effective if it is enforced. Everyone should be aware of lightning as a threat, and those who oversee participants, whether they are responsible for health care, are coaches, or meet officials, should be proactive in vacating all student-athletes and spectators to a safer location.

Scratches/Declared False Starts/Failing to Compete

Scratches, declared false starts, and the penalty for failing to compete are applied differently to championship and non-championship meets. Competitors, once officially entered, shall compete in all races. In championship meets:
a.   A scratch is the withdrawal of a competitor from the remainder of his/her events in the meet. (1-4-10)

  1. A declared false start is the withdrawal of a competitor from a specific event (1-4-11). A competitor may withdraw from a preliminary event or final with a declared false start, if submitted to the referee/designee at the specified time and place. The time and place could be during a pre-competition coaches meeting, at some point prior to the start of the meet, or prior to the start of that specific event. The designated time and place must be specified in the meet announcement (1-4-7). The event shall still count as an entry, although it does not disqualify the competitor from further competition. When a relay team withdraws by a declared false start, the coach shall designate which four swimmers from among the potential participants in the event are charged with an entry.
  2. By state association adoption, an alternate qualifier is one of the next two fastest swimmers/relays after the finalists are designated with the faster of the two being the first alternate qualifier and the next being second alternate qualifier. If a finalist cannot participate, an alternate qualifier may be called to take his/her place. The process and procedures for moving alternate qualifiers into finals and consolation finals must be specified in the meet announcement. (1-4-7) 
  3. A competitor who fails to compete in an event in which he/she has officially entered, shall be disqualified from further competition unless the failure to compete is due to a medical reason certified by an appropriate medical professional and declared to the referee in advance of the event. The competitor shall not be disqualified from events for which he/she has previously qualified. (3-2-2 PENALTY 3)

In non-championship meets:
A competitor who fails to compete in an event in which he/she has officially entered, shall be disqualified from that event only. (3-2-2 PENALTY 2)

Officials Recruitment and Retention

High school swimming needs dedicated men and women to become involved so that the sport can continue to prosper for years to come. Administrators, coaches, and officials are encouraged to reach out to local graduating seniors, area college students, retiring coaches, and/or officials who are licensed in other sports to recruit new individuals as prospective swimming and diving officials.
16 Unwritten Rules Of Officiating
(the first eight)
Every official knows the importance of the rules of the game. Regardless of sport, there are some unwritten rules you should follow as well.
Referee Magazine  - July 2018

1. When you “think” you saw something, YOU DIDN’T.
There are times you will be focused on action in your coverage area but something on the farthest edge of your peripheral vision will draw your attention. “Gee whiz,” you’ll say to yourself. “That looked like a foul, but I didn’t see the whole thing. My gut says it was a foul. Better safe than sorry. I’m gonna call it.”
Missing a call is never a positive thing. But most assigners, coordinators and observers will tell you that failing to call something that did occur is more acceptable than calling something you aren’t absolutely positive happened .
Gut feeling is a valuable officiating tool. Many times your instincts will guide you in the right direction. But your eyes trump all. See what you call and call only what you see. Period.

2. The CAPTAIN is not always the team leader.
For whatever reason, the so-called team leader or “captain” can sometimes be anything but a player that will help you to defuse a situation and respond positively with other players during a game. That player can often be the one causing problems for you and others.
When that’s the case, make every effort to demote that captain. Tell the coach that you need another player to serve as captain because the current captain isn’t doing his or her job. Or tell the captain that he or she will no longer be serving as the leader for his or her team for that game because of his or her actions.
Just because a player attends a captains’ meeting before the game doesn’t mean that he or she will be the player with the best sportsmanship.

3. Keep the game MOVING.
There are few officials who want to be on the field or court for a really long game.
However, there are some games that are just going to be longer than others. That football game that features two teams that throw the ball on every down and have porous defenses can result in a 63-60 shootout that legitimately takes every bit of three hours to finish.
What is not acceptable is for officials to be the cause of a game going long. Do everything possible to make a dead ball live again or to get the clock running as soon as possible.
That doesn’t mean neglecting important duties or rushing teams. It does mean being efficient with recording substitutions or enforcing penalties, hustling to your next position and getting the next play started or the next pitch thrown.

4. Provide COURTESY to players when it’s needed.
While an official should strive to keep the game moving, there are times when you need to it slow down. A baseball or softball catcher works extremely hard during a game and that hard work generally keeps you from getting hit.
So when you see him or her get hit and in pain (but not enough to bring out the certified athletic trainer), take some extra time — dust off a clean plate or walk the ball out to the pitcher.
Buy that catcher a few minutes and, in turn, he or she will probably appreciate it and work even harder for you the rest of the game.
The same thing can sometimes apply to other sports when tensions get high. Take a moment to put the ball in play and use that time to give a friendly reminder as opposed to a premature penalty. When you feel the situation has had a moment to calm down, blow the whistle and get the game moving.

5. Give a LONGER LEASH to those in charge.
Maybe more important is the flip side of this rule: Those who aren’t in charge don’t get a long leash. Yes, you should listen to head coaches and managers who give their thoughts to you about a call or situation — as long as they don’t cross the line. Communication, including listening to perceived grievances, is part of game management.
But assistant coaches, players and other bench personnel should not be given the same patience or privilege. Unsportsmanlike talk and actions by those individuals need to be addressed right away. If warranted, you can give head coaches a chance to take care of other game participants. But if they don’t take care of business, you need to step up and penalize appropriately.
There has to be some form of hierarchy of tolerance. And head coaches are at the top. Use preventive officiating whenever you can and tolerate a bit more from them. Work with them until their behavior becomes a distraction.

6. Give the BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT to those who have earned respect.
There will be times — probably in every game — when you get questioned on a decision you made or a penalty you called. How you respond to that question should be determined in part by how you are asked.
Think about the ranting, raving head coach. Anything that doesn’t go exactly how he or she wants, and the blame is pointed toward you or your crewmates. You are to blame for his or her team’s woes. Now think about the coach who worries about his or her team throughout the game but doesn’t get upset at you when penalties are reported. Instead, that coach focuses on “coaching” his or her players.
In a tight moment, both coaches question a call. The coach who doesn’t go ballistic on every call deserves a more thorough response than the lunatic. It is as simple as that.
Because it is so out of character for that calmer head coach to question a call, maybe he or she saw something that didn’t make sense or was done wrong by the rule. Taking the time to acknowledge the concern or clarify a ruling is time well-spent. The ranter may have seen the same thing, but doesn’t deserve the benefit of the doubt since that coach has been on your case about everything.

7. Look COACHES in the eye.
Police will tell you that suspects who lower or turn their heads when providing alibis are withholding information. It is difficult to obfuscate when you are looking someone right in the eye.
Whether you are introducing yourself to the coach before the game or answering his or her question during the course of play, communication should be done face to face and straight on. Even if you are delivering bad news, you will have more credibility and gain more respect by looking the coach in the eye.
Understand that advice applies only when the ball is dead, such as during a timeout or other intermission. If you need to communicate with the coach during play, keep your eyes on the action and wait for action to cease.

8. WHEN IN DOUBT, do what is expected.
An official takes on the task of applying mainly descriptive rules to fluid situations, but there are times in games when that official may not be immediately certain what action to take after observing a play or an incident. Rulebooks will spell out the intent and guiding principles of the rules and the better officials figure out how to apply them equitably, in context. But there are times when an official faces doubt at the moment he or she is expected to make a call or no-call. When that happens, it’s best to do what is expected.
Does it appear that a player sustained a possible concussion even though he or she does not have a loss of consciousness after a play? If there is any doubt, it is best to take that player out of the game to get checked. Should a baseball or softball umpire call a borderline pitch a ball or strike? It is expected that the umpire follow through by calling that pitch a strike. A basketball referee may have doubt when two players collide and go flying to the floor. Block or charge? Rule one or the other.
In any event, do not try to run away from the play or shrug your shoulders. You’ll lose credibility fast.
Officials will never be 100 percent sure of what they see 100 percent of the time. That’s not humanly possible. In those gray-area moments  when a call is necessary , do what is expected and make the call or ruling with a clear conscience.
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Make the Call!
A diver enters the water with one hand above shoulder level on a feet first entry dive .

RULING:   The dive is deficient (9-7-3b)

A diver performs a back somersault with 1 1/2 twists (#5223) and enters the water with his hands still in the "wrap" position. The diving referee declares the dive unsatisfactory and instructs the judges to score no higher than two points .

RULING:  Correct procedure  

COMMENT: The diver has to make an attempt to come out of the "wrap"/twist position

A diver performs a 5211A (back dive, half twist) and
(a) doesn't stop the board from oscillating before or after taking the starting position
(b) twists manifestly on the board
The judges deduct 1/2 - 2 points in (a) and (b).

RULING:   Correct procedure (9-8-2a, 9-8-2f)

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Long Island Swimming Officials Association
The purpose and goals of the LISOA and its members shall be to:   
Officiate all meets in a competent and professional manner.
Have its members actively work to improve interscholastic swimming and diving officiating.
Provide a consistent interpretation and administration of interscholastic swimming and diving rules.
Service and collaborate with the swimming and diving community for the improvement of swimming and diving.