Long Island Swimming Officials Association 
Serving Long Island Swimmers for over 60 years!  
Let's see how this goes ...

September and the end of summer can feel more like the new year than January 1st. There's a back to school feeling and excitement and optimism for the months ahead.

Use that excitement and those positive feelings to remind yourself why you officiate, what do you like about it, how can you grow as an official.

Even though our season doesn't begin until December, we have exams, meetings, rules interpretations, and clinics coming up soon. I hope you had a relaxing, restful summer because you deserve it.

 George Fleckenstein
Swimming and Diving Comments on the Rules - 2018-19
By NFHS on July 2018

Rule 1  – Rule 1 has been reorganized and terminology has been added and removed to more accurately reflect and define meet specifications and organization. The changes provide clarity while also consolidating the terminology used in the rules book. Also, sections were re-ordered to reflect the order in which rules appear in the NFHS Swimming and Diving rules book.

2-4-5   - New wording clarifies that 16.4-yard/ 15-meter marks must be visible on both sides of the pool deck . The 16.4-yard/15-meter markings may also be integrated into each lane marker/lane line. However, because the position of such floats are often irregular, the marks on the sides of the pool deck are the uniform default marking for all lanes .  

2-7-2b   Backstroke starting ledges are not permitted to be used in high school swimming . The NFHS Swimming and Diving Rules Committee has consistently opposed the use of backstroke starting ledges because of concerns about athlete safety and risk minimization, which is one of the principal responsibilities of the Committee.  

2-7-2c, 2-7-2 NOTE -  Language regarding options for starting platform malfunctions are provided in this new provision and updates have been made with regard to the penalties. PENALTY 2, which is applied in situations of improper water conditions, was removed because it is not applicable to the subject matter within the rule.  PENALTY 3 verbiage is now contained in Rule 2-7-2c ART. 2c, which provides directives when starting platforms are not secured non-compliant. PENALTY 1 was moved to a NOTE ART. 3 and describes what occurs when water depth or distance from the starting platforms to the water are non-compliant.  

4-2-1d  The pre-meet conference is now a requirement of the referee, the starter, the coach and the captain of each team . This serves a risk minimization function and promotes positive sporting behavior.  Suggested topics to be covered include sportsmanship, illegal attire, medical issues involving tape, students with a disability, and any general concerns/comments. 

4-5-3, 4-7  – The responsibilities of stroke inspectors and turn/finish judges can now be combined by rule. When the availability of officials is limited, it is important that the flexibility to staff the deck effectively and efficiently with the available officials is preserved. 

5-1-2a  In non-championship meets, the diving event maybe held first, last or simultaneously with the swimming events , in addition to the traditional placement as Event 5 between the 50-yard freestyle and the 100-yard butterfly. Allowing for flexibility in conducting the diving event within the dual meet program will permit more options for the competing teams.  Regardless of when the diving event is conducted, there shall be a break of at least 15 minutes, with at least 10 minutes warmup in the water, prior to the 100-yard butterfly .

5-3-2, 5-3-6 NOTE – Section 5-3 has been updated to provide lane and heat assignment protocol in a logical fashion from the dual meet to the championship meet. This change also clarifies direction for situations in which the number of teams and/or entries cannot be equally divided into the number of available lanes. Meet hosts should have the responsibility/right of deciding between seeding and leaving lanes open, because that decision affects meet duration and facility constraints.

5-4-2 – New language provides scoring based on pool facilities with different numbers of available lanes. It clarifies the use of finals and consolation finals heats and provides an opportunity to use more than 6 lanes for each and thus score more than 12 swimmers. It also stipulates that when both a finals heat and a consolation finals heat are swum, the finals heat is to be full even if doing so leaves only 1 or 2 athletes in the consolation finals heat.

9-4-6 NOTE - The NOTE clarifies that it is permissible to conduct eleven dive competitions during dual meets, double-dual meets, triple-dual meets and other non-championship multi-team meets . This provides additional options for competitors to prepare for tournament series events.
LISOA Meeting Dates 

Tuesday,  September 25  – Rules Interpretation Meeting - Long Island Expressway Welcome Center   7:00 p.m.  - 9:00 p.m.

Wednesday,  November 7  - Pre-Season Meeting

Tuesday,  November 27  – Relay Carnival, Sect. VIII  NCAC - clinic

Tuesday,  December 4  - Relay Carnival, Sect. XI  NCAC - clinic

Thursday,  January 10  - Nominating/Business Meeting

Tuesday,  January 29  - General Elections Meting

March 2019  - Annual Recognition Dinner Meeting

Active members are required to attend  a minimum of three (3) meetings and/or clinics . As prescribed in Article I of the By-Laws,   attendance at a rules interpretation meeting is required.
Things Every Diving Judge Should Know...
Each diver is allowed at least two practice approaches with or without entry.

Any dive in a group may be designated as a voluntary dive, but in a six dive competition, the diver may not list a degree of difficulty of higher than 1.8.

The diving referee judges the degree of the twist by the position of the shoulders at the moment the diver contacts the water .

You have until September 16 to complete your NFHS Exam

To take the annual Federation test, go to  https://exams.nfhs.org/exams . Once you are in the site please check the "SETTINGS" before you take the test. Your primary state association is New York. Leave the secondary State Association blank. If your primary membership is with the LISOA, your local association is Long Island.

The exam window for the 2018-2019 season will close on   Sunday September 16th  A passing score of 85 is necessary in order to officiate. If you do not pass, please take the exam again.

Please review the new rules for the 2018-19 season carefully. There are several major changes that you should be aware of prior to taking the Federation test.

We will review the application of all the new rules and requirements when we hold our first LISOA meeting on Tuesday, September 25.

Section XI
Weekend Emergency Contact Information
August 2018

Tom Combs, Executive Director, Section XI

We request that you inform your membership of the following procedure when  emergencies  are encountered regarding weekend assignments:

If they are unable to fulfill a Saturday or Sunday assignment due to an emergency, they are to call Assistant Director Pete Blieberg, cell # 516-313-0444 or home 631-277-2811 (please call cell first).

If they are unable to reach Pete Blieberg, they can contact me via my cell 631-433-3666.

If neither Pete nor I am available and you can easily make a replacement, please do so and notify us AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
We assume this will only happen on rare occasions.

However, if games are rescheduled (from Saturday to either Sunday or Monday), all reassigning must be authorized by Pete or me . We both have cell phones and answering machines, so there should not be a problem.

If, however, a school forgot or erred in requesting officials from our office,  DO NOT ASSIGN OFFICIALS . Under such circumstances,   officials who work without authorization   will not be compensated .
High School Sports Participation Increases for 29th Consecutive Year
By NFHS on August 24, 2018
Led by an additional 15,009 participants in girls sports programs, the overall number of participants in high school sports increased for the 29th consecutive year in 2017-18, according to the annual High School Athletics Participation Survey conducted by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS).

The number of participants in high school sports in 2017-18 reached an all-time record high of 7,979,986, according to figures from the 51 NFHS member state high school associations, which includes the District of Columbia. The number of girls participating in high school sports reached an all-time high of 3,415,306, and boys participation also set a new standard at 4,564,680.

While the number of additional participants this year (16,451) was not as substantial as the previous year (94,635), a steady increase in several boys and girls sports extended the streak to a record-breaking 29th year.

Among boys sports, soccer registered the largest gain with 6,128 additional participants. Other boys sports with sizable gains were cross country (3,824), volleyball (3,767) and golf (2,558). For the second consecutive year, competitive spirit had the largest increase among girls sports with an additional 18,426 participants, followed by swimming and diving (4,797), lacrosse (3,431) and golf (3,176).

With 1,035,942 participants, 11-player football remains the No. 1 participatory sport for boys in high school by a large margin. Outdoor track and field is No. 2 with 600,097 participants, followed by basketball (551,373), baseball (487,097), soccer (456,362), cross country (270,095), wrestling (245,564), tennis (158,151), golf (144,024) and swimming/diving (138,935).

Despite remaining the top participatory sport for boys, 11-player football dropped for the second consecutive year. The decline in numbers, however, was not as high as 2016, and participation in 6-player and 8-player football continued to trend upward. In 2017, participation in 11-player football was 1,035,942, a two-percent decline of 21,465 from the previous year. The decline from 2015 to 2016 was 27,865, or 2.5 percent.
While there have been some recent reports about schools dropping the sport of football for the 2018 season because of declining numbers, the overall number of schools discontinuing 11-player football before the 2017 season was minimal – a decline of 20 schools from 14,099 to 14,079.

Amazingly, this year’s survey indicated participation by high school students in 65 different sports, as well as 13 adapted sports for students with disabilities. Some of the more popular non-traditional sports were badminton (17,898), archery (10,460) and fencing (4,513), along with two relative newcomers – bass fishing and ultimate frisbee.
Some of the emerging sports during the past decade continued their rise on the charts. Lacrosse now has 210,217 combined participants (113,313 boys, 96,904 girls), and bowling is up to 60,039 participants nationwide (32,159 boys, 27,880 girls).

The top 10 states by participants remained the same; however, Ohio moved ahead of Illinois into fourth place this year. Texas and California topped the list again with 824,619 and 819,625 participants, respectively, followed by New York (378,065), Ohio (347,567), Illinois (338,848), Pennsylvania (319,867), Florida (311,361), Michigan (296,625), New Jersey (281,800) and Minnesota (240,433).

The participation survey has been compiled in its current form by the NFHS since 1971 through numbers it receives from its member state associations. The complete 2017-18 High School Athletics Participation Survey is available via the following link:  http://www.nfhs.org/ParticipationStatistics/ParticipationStatistics/
SwimSwam, August 2018
The Oakland Unified School District will have lots of empty pools next season.
The Oakland Unified School District in Oakland, California is cutting 10 out of 20 after-school sports at its high school districts to combat what it says are massive budget problems. The district claims that the cuts will save them half-a-million dollars, or about $1000 per student impacted.

“These cuts we are instituting now come after years of budget cuts we have already implemented. Not to mention growth in pension liabilities, growth in transportation liabilities,” said John Sasaki, spokesman for the Oakland Unified School District

The district serves over 37,000 students in the bay area across 19 high schools, including a largely low-income population that can’t necessarily afford to seek private instruction, including joining club programs, for athletics. 73% of Oakland USD students received free or reduced-price meals in 2016.

In total, the district expects that it has to cut $30 million from its budget next year to remain fiscally solvent.

No teachers or staff are losing jobs with the cuts, the district says, meaning that the students are bearing the wait of growing pension loads. Programs like football, baseball, basketball, and soccer are expected to be impacted with budgets, but not eliminated.
Tennis and Swimming For A Long Life
John Tesh - Intelligence for Your Life
Want the best odds of living to be 100? Then start playing tennis or go swimming more often.

That’s according to a new University of Oxford study, based on 80,000 men and women. Researchers tracked each person’s physical activity for nearly a decade. And as you’d expect, those who got at least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days lived longer than those who didn’t exercise at all. That makes sense, since exercise is a proven way to lower our risk for chronic diseases.

But when researchers looked at participants who lived the longest, two common activities jumped out: Swimming and racquet sports. So, think tennis, racquetball and even ping-pong. In fact, people who played racquet sports were a whopping 47% more likely to outlive their couch potato peers – the best results in this study! What’s so special about swimming and swinging a racquet? Well, one factor is you can do them at ANY age. For example, when researchers looked at runners, they found that many people stopped running after they suffered an injury, or grew too frail.

But nobody’s ever “too old” to hop in a pool . And even with badminton, the game is gentle enough that it’s one of the most popular activities offered in retirement homes. That’s key because it means swimmers and tennis players are the most likely to keep getting regular exercise, no matter how old they are. And because they’re getting a full-body workout - swimmers and tennis players stay healthier, longer than those who play others sports.
Make the Call

A swim team designed a cap in honor of winning several championships by adding one school logo for every year they won the meet. They have won three championships so the cap has three school logos.

RULING:   Legal

COMMENT: Restrictions limit manufacturer/advertising logos, and not school logos. (3-3-2)

The referee calls the swimmers to the block with a long whistle. While the swimmers are standing on the block, the referee notices that the swimmer in lane 4 is wearing a club team cap. All swimmers are asked to stand up and the swimmer in lane 4 is asked to remove or turn their cap inside out.

RULING:  Incorrect  

COMMENT: Once the swimmers are called to the blocks the race has started. The referee should start the event and at the conclusion of the race disqualifies the swimmer in lane 4 for wearing illegal attire. (1-4-3a, 3-3-2b, 3-3-2 PENALTY)

During the 100 yard butterfly, the official disqualifies a swimmer for not breaking the surface prior to the 15 meter deck marking. A coach appeals to the referee based on the position of the pool lane marker.

RULING:   Appeal is denied

COMMENT: The deck markings take precedence over lane markers. (2-4-5)
"People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.”


Long Island Swimming Officials Association
The purpose and goals of the LISOA and its members shall be to:   
Officiate all meets in a competent and professional manner.
Have its members actively work to improve interscholastic swimming and diving officiating.
Provide a consistent interpretation and administration of interscholastic swimming and diving rules.
Service and collaborate with the swimming and diving community for the improvement of swimming and diving.