Long Island Swimming Officials Association  
 Serving Long Island Swimmers for 60 years!  
April 2018
Let's see how this goes ...

We just completed a New Officials Clinic that had eight excellent candidates - all have previous officiating experience. They " exude potential as swimming and diving officials" and would be a very good addition to our association. We have a turnover of 3-5 officials annually and have only added two new officials in the last three years. Plus, any officials that we add this year will not even be available to work varsity meets for three years. So, as we naturally lose officials each year, we should be adding each year so that we have a few new officials that become varsity level each year and we can adequately staff the assigned swim meets.

Thank you to Bob and Larry and Cyna for your invaluable help in conducting the school - the participants appreciate you sharing your time and expertise with them.

Thank you.
George Fleckenstein
  1. Suit Coverage
  2. Guidelines on Handling Contests During Lightning or Thunder Disturbances
  3. Officials Retention and Recruitment
  4. Scratch/Declared False Starts/Failing to Compete
Swimming and diving ranks eighth in popularity among girls with 170,797 participants and 10th among boys with 138,364 participants, according to the 2016-17 NFHS Athletics Participation Survey.
Things Every Diving Judge Should Know...
All dives of the same number - whether tuck, pike, straight or free position, are considered the same dive. No diver shall repeat a dive in a single meet.

An error made by the announce shall not penalize the diver.

The dive number and position shall be the official description of the dive and take precedence.

The divers from the visiting team have the choice of the odd or even diving positions.

Immediately prior to the start of the diving competition, each diver is allowed at least two practice approaches with or without water entry.
Tips for Talking to Coaches
The Commandments of Communicating With Coaches
Referee Magazine - April 2018
T alking to coaches is not an exact science; they are as different as anyone else you would encounter in another forum. What works with one coach may not work with another. Over time, the “book” on the coach will be known and will become a guide in dealing with him or her. Meanwhile, there are certain approaches that have a high degree of success and others that are sure to fail. Here are tips for talking to coaches.

Don’t answer statements.

If it’s not worded as a question, there is a good chance no reply is expected. The coach may merely be venting. Some are just talking to themselves, “thinking out loud.” The context in which statements are made is also important; words can be literal or figurative. Some are clearly figurative statements that are also gallows humor, mere witticisms in the face of a seemingly hopeless situation — the inability to control adverse calls. Any reaction to that type of statement from the bench or dugout will create a problem that doesn’t exist.
“Call it the same both ways,” most frequently heard in basketball games, should also be interpreted as a figurative statement. In one game, the visitors got the jump ball to begin the game and drove for a basket only to be fouled. The home coach immediately blasted out the aforementioned cliché. The official, recognizing the comment as a virtual reflex from an aggrieved coach, calmly approached the bench and said, “Coach, we haven’t even been to the other end yet.”
The phrase is usually spoken out of frustration due to a perceived imbalance in fouls. It can be taken literally as a statement that implies favoritism or cheating, but that’s putting words in the coach’s mouth. One college baseball umpire was quoted as having a planned retort — “If you’re trying to imply I’m making calls for one team, but not the other, you won’t be sitting on the bench much longer.” That is likely to further aggravate the coach (because he didn’t say that), and it’s also a threat.

Another comment that is often spouted is, “ That was a bad call. ” Everyone is entitled to his or her opinion; ignore it. However, the same comment is often personalized, as in, “ You made a bad call. ” That’s more direct and meant to be a criticism or an insult. Thick skin is helpful in that case. On the other hand, an official may want to draw a line and make it known that type of comment is unacceptable.
Dump Sports Drinks for Chocolate Milk
Referee Magazine, February 2018
As officials, when we give 110 percent on the court or playing field, it is important that we refresh or recover after the contest. Because of its excellent benefits, chocolate milk is a highly recommended post-workout beverage.
Before studying the benefits of chocolate milk, prior research had only been done separately on milk and chocolate. According to chocolatemilk.com, milk is known for its high nutritional value of building stronger bones, preventing diseases such as osteoporosis and tooth decay. It is a good source of calcium and vitamins A and D. Chocolate reduces fatigue and contains antioxidants. There are more antioxidants in darker chocolate and they help lower blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health.

When those two products were finally combined and learned about in studies, chocolate milk had a doubling effect of nutritional benefits on the body. In fact, the balanced ratio of carbohydrates and protein consumed after an exercise workout was nearly perfect. William Lunn, Ph.D., an exercise scientist at the University of Connecticut stated, “The combination of carbohydrates and protein in lowfat chocolate milk appears to be ‘just right’ for refueling weary muscles.” Chocolate milk is best consumed within 15 minutes after any high intense or strenuous activity or exercise. As an official, when we burn several calories, exert a lot of energy, sweat a good amount or our body feels tired or sore, implementing chocolate milk after the contest into our postgame can be a wise decision.
Chocolate milk essentially offers three main benefits after a workout:

  • It aids in muscle building recovery.
  • It helps us restore energy to feel less fatigued and exhausted.
  • And last, similar to water and sport drinks, it also rehydrates our entire body.

The protein in chocolate milk is key to muscle recovery. Next to carbohydrates and fats, protein is one of the three macronutrients our body needs to function. Instead of providing a substantial amount of energy like carbohydrates do, protein repairs and builds lean muscle tissue. The amino acids found in protein also reduce the risk of injury. When leg muscles are sore after officiating an up-tempo basketball, soccer or football game or when finishing up a weight training exercise, consuming the protein contained in chocolate milk is beneficial and better suited for post-workout.

Keeping our energy levels up shortly after a game or match will help us feel less fatigued and tired. The prime source of energy is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates turn to glycogen in the muscles for energy during a workout. That is why consuming foods with long-term or complex carbohydrates is recommended before a workout. However by the end of the workout, the muscle energy and glycogen levels are depleted and gone causing us to feel exhausted. For participants in endurance sports or for games going into overtime, it’s important afterward to activate the healing process right away to recover properly. By drinking chocolate milk, the short term or simple carbohydrate known as sugar from the chocolate and lactose combined gives our body the right zap and dose of energy to metabolize, lift and speed up our muscle recovery process.

Another part of full recovery and the third benefit of chocolate milk is rehydration. Although milk contains water, the ultimate replenishment of fluids after sweat loss is pure water in itself. Sport drinks are also helpful in rehydrating by providing electrolytes in the body. Unfortunately, after a vigorous workout or long game there is a lot more to rehydration that we do not realize our body needs. With the necessary percentage ratio of protein to carbohydrates and the vitamins provided, the nutritional quality and value of chocolate milk exceeds other products for an after-workout recovery drink.

Complete nutritional quality and a well-rounded official can be similarly compared and related. Well-rounded officials go beyond by not only having excellent skills in officiating, but in other areas and functions of the game. That may include for instance having additional knowledge of the sport or keen game sense. Former players and coaches who officiate, multi-sport officials and dedicated students of the game are all examples of potential well-rounded officials. There are other beverage-alternatives out there with high nutritional value such as protein shakes and caffeine drinks. As far as a complete, nutritional postgame beverage, add chocolate milk to the top of the list. Because of the vitamins, antioxidants and protein-to0carbohydrate ratio, it’s the most complete and well-rounded beverage. After a workout, its benefits are unanimous for muscle recovery, fatigue and rehydration. It’s the official way to referee fresh and referee your diet.
May 15th is International Water Safety Day
International Water Safety Day, celebrated on May 15th each year, is designed to help spread global awareness of the ongoing drowning pandemic, and to educate youth in becoming safer in and around water. The lack of water safety education has propelled drownings worldwide.
According to the World Health Organization…
  • Every hour, every day, more than 40 people lose their lives to drowning;
  • 372,000 people drown each year, with those under 5 years old at greatest risk;
  • Globally, over half of all drowning deaths are under 25 years old.
If you or your children do not know how to swim, get started by enrolling in swim lessons today. It’s one of the best decisions you’ll ever make.

You Make the Call
Swimmer A, using the forward start, comes down, grabs the block, becomes stationary and then moves forward and enters the pool. Swimmer B dives into the water because of Swimmer A's movement.

RULING:   A false start should be charged to Swimmer A for not remaining stationary and Swimmer A should be disqualified; Swimmer B should not be penalized if entry is due to Swimmer A's actions. (8-1-3c, 8-1-3d)

Following the command "Take your mark", one competitor remains upright with one foot at the front edge of edge of the starting platform.

RULING:   Legal

COMMENT:  The starter could give the command "Stand up", then determine if that is the starting position for that competitor.

During the final leg of the Individual Medley, the swimmer finishes the leg of the breaststroke with a legal touch/finish and then leaves the wall before being at or past vertical toward the breast...but is on the breast before any stroke, kick or propulsive motion.

RULING:   Legal 

COMMENT:  As long as the swimmer is on the breast before the first kick, stroke or propulsive motion, this is legal. The push off the wall is not considered a propulsive motion. (8-2-4c)

Newsday article from December 1956
First Long Island public high school indoor swimming pool
West Islip and Brentwood opened new schools and new pools one year later
The birth of interscholastic swimming on Long Island...
...and the Long Island Swimming Officials Association
Potential location for our historical documents
Last month we announced past president Peter Moeschen is now our LISOA Historian. He will gather pictures, documents, and items related to our 60 years as an association. We have a location that is considering displaying our photos and historical documents. If you have LISOA or swimming related items that belong in a public display case, please pass them on to Peter.
The purpose and goals of the LISOA and its members shall be to:   
Officiate all meets in a competent and professional manner.
Have its members actively work to improve interscholastic swimming and diving officiating.
Provide a consistent interpretation and administration of interscholastic swimming and diving rules.
Service and collaborate with the swimming and diving community for the improvement of swimming and diving.