Updates From the World of Livestock & Poultry Research


Canadian Society of Animal Science announces 2017 award winners

Dr. Chantal Farmer, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, received the Canadian Society of Animal Science Fellowship for her outstanding contributions in animal science.

Dr. Masahito Oba, University of Alberta, was recognized for Excellent in Nutrition and Meat Sciences for excellence in teaching, research or extensions.

Dr. Karen Schwartzkopf-Genswein, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, was awarded the Technical Innovation in Enhancing Production of Safe Affordable Food for her contributions to technical innovation and teaching.

University of Guelph's Dr. Angela C├ínovas received the Young Scientist Award in recognition of her achievements as a new member of the research community. 

Coming events 

Nov 3 - 12, 2017 Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, Toronto ON,

Nov 8, 2017: Poultry Innovations Conference, London ON,

Nov 14 - 17, 2017 : Canadian Forage & Grassland Association Conference, Guelph ON, 
Nov 21 - 22, 2017: Canada's Farmed Seafood Policy Conference, Ottawa ON, 

Nov 28 - 29, 2017: Grow Canada Conference, Calgary AB, 

Nov 29, 2017:  Eastern Regional Poultry 
Conference, St. Isidore ON,

Nov 30 - Dec 2, 2017: Dairy Sheep Symposium, Orford QC, 

Feb 9, 2018: Dairy Research Symposium, Ottawa ON,

Feb 21 - 22, 2018: Beef Farmers of Ontario Annual Meeting, Toronto ON,

Mar 20 - 21, 2018: Ontario Pork Annual General Meeting & Banquet, Guelph ON,

Apr 4 - 5, 2018: Canadian Poultry Expo, London ON, 

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Research Snapshots 

Climate change: Scientists find fish species that thrive under climate changes

Oregon State University researchers have found three fish species that thrive in open-ocean aquaculture, and do not appear to be negatively impacted by climate change. The findings hold promise for aquaculture being able to provide much-needed protein sources for a growing global population.

Food safety: Understanding E. coli opens new treatment options

Identifying the differences between two strains of E. coli has helped Kansas State University researchers explore innovative ways to reduce the impact of the bacteria on human health. Their work could lead to new treatment options that offer an alternative to antibiotics. 

Food safety: Lone star tick bites linked to red meat allergy
Repeated exposure to lone star tick bites could put people at a higher risk of developing an allergy to red meat, according to a Kansas State University researcher. The health threat is related to the buildup of a specific carbohydrate in white tailed deer - a non-human host of the tick - that is passed to humans through repeated tick bites and causes an immune or allergic reaction to red meat.

Environment & Food Security: Livestock less of a drain on food supply than reported

A new study in Global Food Security found livestock place less of a burden on human food supply that previously reported. The study found that 3 kg of cereal is needed to produce 1 kg of meat, and that 86% of livestock feed is not suitable for human consumption.
Feed: Researchers discover the secret to hybridizing wheat

Researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia have identified a naturally-occurring wheat gene that could open the door to breeding high-yielding hybrid wheat. Turning the gene off eliminates the ability of the cereal to self-pollinate, but still allows for cross pollination.
Poultry: Tackling E. coli in commercial flocks

UK researchers recommend a combination of improved farm management, "high biosecurity" and vaccination to reduce losses from E. coli and improve profitability in broiler, broiler-breeder and layer operations.

Poultry: Eating eggs improves eye health

Eating up to 12 eggs a week can significantly improve the ability of the eye to recover from exposure to bright light, or glare recovery. The 12-month consumer study looked at the effect of egg consumption on various symptoms of people suffering from early age-related macular degeneration - the leading cause of blindness in the U.S. The study also found that egg consumers had an 83% increase in an antioxidant the protects eyes from damaging light.
Full Article

Poultry: Natural option provides effective germ control on hatching eggs  

Austrian researchers have developed a natural way to eliminate germs on hatching eggs as an alternative to formaldehyde, a practice that's popular in European hatcheries. The new eco-friendly option uses microorganisms as natural antagonists to eliminate 99.6% of germs when applied to the egg shell - achieving the same level of decontamination as formaldehyde fumigation.
Full Article

Swine: Evaluating the effect of various fats in sow diets on milk quality

Researchers looked at the impact that various fat sources in sow diets had on the quality of milk and performance of their piglets. The Chinese study compared soybean oil, coconut oil, palm oil and mixed oil in the sow diet during late gestation and lactation.

Swine: Low-fat pigs created through genetic engineering

Chinese scientists have used new genetic engineering techniques to successfully create a low-fat pig. Twelve healthy pigs have been bred with 24% less body fat than normal pigs, and researchers hope these animals will be less expensive to raise and suffer less in cold weather conditions.

Beef: Uncovering the aromatic allure of Wagyu beef

U.S. researchers have discovered several key odorants that contribute to the alluring aroma of Wagyu or kobe beef - one of the most expensive meats in the world known for its marbling, juiciness, succulent taste and sweet aroma.

Dairy: Switchgrass holds promise as bedding option for organic operations

Canadian researchers have discovered that dairy cows prefer switchgrass bedding over straw with no negative impact on cow comfort, cleanliness and teat end contamination. Switchgrass can be grown on marginal land, is disease and pest resistant, and provides an economical alternative for organic dairy operations. 

Dairy: New test provides earlier pregnancy detection 

UK researchers have developed a faster pregnancy test for cattle that can confirm pregnancy in just 25 days, based on the presence of placental proteins. The new test is more reliable that ultrasound detection and contributes to reduced animal costs, improved animal welfare and more efficient food production.
Full Article 

Aquaculture: New funding to strengthen Atlantic salmon stock 

Researchers at the Atlantic Veterinary College and Memorial University received nearly $3.5 million in provincial and federal funding to develop more disease-resistant broodstock and improved vaccines for the cultured Atlantic salmon industry. The researchers will use genomics and other biotechnologies to improve the health and welfare of salmon.

Whatever next?!? A look at the weird and wacky

I'll take my meds over easy 
Japanese researchers have used genomic editing technology to create laying hens that produce eggs with a pharmaceutical agent that can be used to treat disease like cancer and hepatitis. 
Eau de antelope staves off sleeping sickness 

Antelope perfume is helping prevent sleeping sickness in African cattle. A team of German, UK and African researchers discovered the tsetse fly, responsible for transferring sleeping sickness to cattle, is repelled by the scent of waterbucks - a common antelope species in Africa. More than 80% of cattle wearing collars infused with the antelope's scent were spared from the deadly infection.