Hot, dry weather advanced crop development while crop conditions and soil moisture levels dropped during the week ending on June 13, 2021.
Iowa topsoil moisture levels rated 24% very dry, 46% short, 30% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 21% very short, 50% short, 29% adequate, and 0% surplus in Iowa. Topsoil moistures in Minnesota reduced to 19% very short, 45% short, 35% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies in Minnesota were rated at 13% very short, 44% short, 42% adequate, and 1% surplus.
Across the region, farmers saw signs of stressed fields due to the lack of participation and multiple days of abnormally high temperatures. Weather conditions played a role in corn conditions in Iowa dropping from 14 percentage points to only 63% good to excellent rating. Iowa’s soybean crop is nine days ahead of the 5-year average at 93% emergence. Soybean crops affected by the hot and dry conditions, seeing a 12% decrease from last week to 61% good to excellent crop conditions. Corn conditions for Minnesota declined from 69% to 58% good to excellent condition this past week. Soybean emergence is 11 days ahead of the 5-year average with a 61% good to excellent rating.
*Information and graphs obtained from June 14, 2021 USDA, NASS report