2020 Newsletter                                                                                            Spring
Message from the President

Dear Colleagues,
With wishes of good health for the M&D community, I would like to start this message reflecting on the COVID-19 pandemic with a sincere spirit of hope and solidarity. We are together worldwide, facing the same fears and challenges. At the same time, we must be united because as the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, 
 "This spirit of human solidarity must become even more infectious than the virus itself. Although we may have to be physically apart from each other for a while, we can come together in ways we never have before" (Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General).
We are overwhelmed with news and recommendations related to how we should act concerning the COVID-19 pandemic. I encourage you to look for reliable sources of information and practice human solidarity. 
In our mission to share manufacturing and design issues, I want to summarize some of the results of a recent survey made by the National Association of Manufacturers. According to the survey, 78.3% of manufacturing leaders expect a negative financial impact due to COVID-19, 53.1% are thinking of a change in operations, and 35.5% are facing supply chain disruptions. At the same time, there are many manufacturers changing their production to meet the needs of the country and help fight this virus. They are expediting the design process to manufacture and supply the products to the places in need. Design and manufacturing are essential components in this puzzle, and we are grateful for those contributing to the solutions.
We, the IISE Manufacturing Design Division, send our solidarity and appreciation to designers, manufacturers, nurses, physicians, scientists, engineers and all the personnel that risk their lives every day to help humanity. 
While we let the heroes do their job, let's stay at home and do our part. For me, this has been a time to learn how to teach remotely with a high sense of responsibility to keep students encouraged and motivated while they are worried about the whole situation. This time has inspired me to be creative. My students cannot build their automated process prototypes, and I have to figure out a way to teach them about Process Automation without an actual Programmable Logic Controller. This time has also allowed me to enjoy my home, my family and the birds that visit my window. It has been a time to practice some statistics analyzing the COVID-19 data and making my predictions. I invite you to make the most of this time and look at the positive side of things. Hopefully, when all of this is over (because it does has an end date), we will have learned many lessons to move forward.
In this newsletter we can present you with new material, thanks to our External Relations Director Dr. Alaa Elwany along with the Newsletter Ad-hoc Committee and other volunteers. We invite you to learn about who are our volunteers in the Division Volunteers Highlight section. In each newsletter, we select 2-3 volunteers to highlight their work and share it with you.

We look forward to having you as one of our volunteers in the future! We also provide you with the opportunity to learn more about Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing for Construction thanks to the contribution of one of our M&D PhD students.

Best Regards ,

Lourdes A. Medina, Ph.D.
President IISE  Manufacturing & Design Division 
Associate Professor,  University of Puerto Rico at Mayag├╝ez
Have you visited our Crisis Resource Community?  
We hope our IISE members and customers are staying safe and following guidelines during these trying times. The IISE CEO Don Greene has said, "IISE's mission is to serve those who solve the critical and complex problems of the world. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is certainly one of those problems and together, we can get through this while helping others around the globe."
We have opened the Crisis Resource Community on the IISE Connect member engagement platform that will give us a designated online place to share potential solutions and responses to some of the immediate challenges being faced by our colleagues, customers, students, faculty, family and friends from around the world. 
Please visit this community and start participating. If you need a refresher, check out the  Connect Help/FAQs. Consider including the following in your posts and blogs:
  • Give a brief overview of your organization.
  • Describe your current reality. (What impact is this unprecedented situation having on you and your organization?)
  • Include a challenge, opportunity, problem, solution, etc.
M&D Division Volunteers Highlight
Alaa Elwany

David Vance
A Student Article 
By Abhinav Bhardwaj, Texas A&M University

Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing for Construction
Advisor: Dr. ZJ Pei, Texas A&M University

Additive Manufacturing (AM)/3D printing had made a significant impact on the manufacturing industry. It has significant applications in the aerospace, motor vehicles, consumer products, and medical industries. However, the construction industry accounts for only 3% of all of AM's applications.

The global output of the construction industry is $8.5 trillion annually. In industrialized countries, the construction industry employs 6%-10% of the workforce. In the US, it accounted for 4.3% of the national employment in 2016. However, safety and productivity represent significant challenges for this industry. Since the production of ordinary portland cement is responsible for 6% of total CO2 emissions in the world, environmental sustainability represents another major challenge.

AM for construction has three advantages. First, it can improve human safety since the automated processes can perform dangerous jobs that were previously completed by humans. Furthermore, it would significantly increase productivity since AM machines can operate 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. Lastly, in construction with concrete, labor and formwork account for 50% of the total cost. AM processes present a significant cost advantage by printing stay-in-place formworks.

Have you Signed Up for Mentor Match? 

IISE has launched a Mentor Match program. This unique online networking and career development tool helps you find, connect and share experiences with others. Your mentor or mentee can be in the same city or on the other side of the world. Both mentors and mentees fill out a profile to which both parties can search for a match. Once connected they're able to communicate and develop a mentorship. Read more here to participate in this program. 
Contact Kathy Gamboa  if you have any questions regarding this exciting mentor program.
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Newsletters are now available in one spot to allow you easy access and frequent reference. Newsletters will be placed in the SHS connect community, click here to view the community page.