New Zealand  

Family Violence Clearinghouse


Issue 92
March 2020
In This Issue

Kia ora and welcome to the latest newsletter from the NZFVC, a monthly update of resources, news and events for those working to prevent family violence in Aotearoa New Zealand. 


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Tēnā tātou katoa

This month's Pānui features new books, including Elisabeth McDonald's open access book, Rape myths as barriers to fair trial process. It also includes recommendations from the Māori-led inquiry into Oranga Tamariki, along with News and lots of new Events, as always, providing professional development opportunities. 

NZFVC team @Grafton Campus
University of Auckland
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New books

The first two books can be borrowed from the library. The book by Elisabeth McDonald can be freely downloaded from the University of Canterbury. Follow the links to request or retrieve these books. 
Colonising myths - Māori realities: He rukuruku whakaaro
Ani Mikaere. Wellington: Te Wānanga o Raukawa, 2011

Summary: This book brings together a collection of papers that reflect on the impact of Pākehā law and values on Māori legal thought and practice. They discuss issues such as the illogicality of seeking justice for Māori within the confines of the colonised law; the need for Pākehā to confront the implications of their position as inheritors of the spoils of colonisation; the myths that have been constructed to obscure the true nature of the Crown-Māori relationship as it was established in 1840; the insidious effect of Pākehā thought on Māori conceptions of reality; and the importance of reinstating tikanga at the heart of Māori thinking... Read more
Just sex? The cultural scaffolding of rape
Nicola Gavey. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2019

Summary: The author provides an extensive commentary on the existing literature on rape, analysing recent research to examine the psychological and cultural conditions of possibility for contemporary sexual violence. This second edition has been updated and expanded to be extremely timely and relevant, with the most recent high-profile rape cases - the Stanford rape case and the Belfast rape cases - being tried in the media and online... Read more
Rape myths as barriers to fair trial process: Comparing adult rape trials with those in the Aotearoa Sexual Violence Court Pilot 
Elisabeth McDonald with Paulette Benton-Greig, Sandra Dickson and Rachel Souness. Christchurch: University of Canterbury Press, 2020
Summary: This book opens the courtroom door on rape trials to investigate how and why they re-traumatise complainants. Despite decades of targeted law reform, adult complainants still report that the process of being a witness is a significant point of re-victimisation. This book contains the findings of four years of research... Read more
New resources
Here are some of the books, reports, and other resources added to the NZFVC library this month. Use the "read more" link to the NZFVC library online to read the full summary and request or download the item. Please contact us if any links are broken.
New Zealand
Caring for our tamaiti mokopuna: Voices of Ngāti Porou tamaiti mokopuna and whānau 
Te Runanganui o Ngāti Porou, 2019
Summary: This report revisits the themes of 1987's Ara Kainga, and canvasses this generation of Ngāti Porou on their aims and aspirations for their tamariki and mokopuna, and the challenges these pose for whānau, the Runanganui and the State... Read more
Ko te wā whakawhiti - It's time for change: A Māori inquiry into Oranga Tamariki
Hector Kaiwai, Tanya Allport, Ruth Herd, Jo Mane, Katrina Ford, Helen Leahy, Golda Varona and Maire Kipa. Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency, 2020

Summary: The Māori Inquiry into Oranga Tamariki was launched as a result of the continued inaction by the New Zealand Government to respond to ongoing serious issues in relation to the treatment of tamariki Māori and whānau Māori within the government child and youth care and protection system... Read more
Te mura o te ahi, fighting for our tamariki: A collection of whānau stories produced as a part of the Māori Inquiry into Oranga Tamariki. Ngā kōrero o te whānau
Ruth Herd and Jo Mane. Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency, 2020
Summary: This collection of stories, produced as part of the Māori Inquiry into Oranga Tamariki, contains a series of 'snapshots' that represent the multiple and diverse voices of whānau who 
participated in face to face interviews, focus groups, community based hui, poster sessions, and online and email submissions, which informed the main report of the Māori Inquiry... Read more
Elder abuse in Aotearoa: The role and current state of MSD's Elder Abuse Response Services 
Ministry of Social Development, 2019
Summary: The purpose of this report is to provide insight into elder abuse in Aotearoa New Zealand, in particular the current state of the Ministry of Social Development's (MSD's) Elder Abuse Response Services (EARS)... Read more

Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand and the intergenerational effects of incarceration
Mike Roettger, Krystal Lockwood and Susan Dennison
Sydney, Australia: Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse, 2019

Research brief, 26, December 2019
Summary: Indigenous Australians are imprisoned at the highest rate of any people in the world and at a rate 16 times higher than non-Indigenous Australians. Meanwhile, the Māori in Aotearoa New Zealand are imprisoned at 7 times the rate of the general population. These disproportional rates of imprisonment lead to disproportional impacts on Indigenous and Māori children... Read more
Justice, wellbeing and social capital
Tim Hughes. New Zealand Treasury, 2020

Living Standards Series: Discussion Paper, 20/01, February 2020
Summary: This discussion paper makes a first attempt at exploring these concepts from the perspective of the justice system. The aim is to support an ongoing conversation within the justice system, and between the justice system and wider stakeholders... Read more
Tangata whenua, tangata Tiriti, huia tangata kotahi: People of the land, people of the Treaty, bring everyone together. State of the nation report
Ronji Tanielu, Paul Barber & Vincent Wijeysingha. The Salvation Army, 2020
Summary: This report looks back on one decade and forward to a brand new one. These reports measure the progress of people's wellbeing. The focus of social progress is often set against dominant public discourse around narrow measures of economic growth. It is heartening to see a 'people-oriented' emphasis adopted by economists and the current Government, with wellbeing increasingly incorporated into measures of economic prosperity... Read more
Topical report: Offences by New Zealand adults against family members. Cycle 1 (2018)
Ministry of Justice, 2020

Summary: This report details who experiences offences by family members, what types of offences occur, and what services victims interact with. The offences include physical assault, sexual assault, psychological violence by intimate partners, harassment and threatening behaviour, property damage and robbery. These findings come from the New Zealand Crime and Victims Survey, March - September 2019 (Cycle 1)... Read more
An analysis of restorative justice and intimate partner violence policy and practice: Professionals' perspectives and perceptions
Melissa L. Garber

PhD thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, 2016
Summary: This qualitative research project endeavoured to open up the conversation around RJ and IPV and highlight gaps in policy in order to give voice to an area in the RJ process that has, up to this point, been virtually silent... Read more
'Emancipate yourself from mental slavery, none but ourselves can free our minds': 'Wetekia te mau here o te hinengāro, ma tātou anō e whakaora, e whakawātea te hinengāro'
Paulé Aroha Ruwhiu

PhD thesis, Manawatu, Massey University, 2019
Summary: Liberation and emancipation are two key concepts of a decolonisation process which contributes to a journey of self-discovery. Decolonisation is a process that connects the past, present and future allowing the participant time to learn about their own historical truths in a facilitated and safe environment. Knowing who you are and where you come -- 'Ko wai au'- Who am I?' -- is central to social work education. Therefore, the structures in place to work through this question, need to cater to all participants in a balanced and parallel way, from two cultural lens: Tangata Whenua and Tangata Tiriti. This study explores the process of decolonisation and the experiences of the participants who are engaged in social work and social work education... Read more
I am undone by these women: Identity and change in a feminist domestic violence organisation
Ruth Weatherall

PhD thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, 2018
Summary: The six words of the title, 'I am undone by these women', embody the interconnected dimensions of this thesis. Simultaneously, this thesis is a personal transformational project (the 'I am'); a series of theorisations of the relationship between identity and change in the context of the community sector (the 'undoing'); and a textual space through which I share the working lives of my participants and victims of violence (the 'these women'). The author's experiences as a volunteer ethnographer sit at the heart of this thesis. The ethnographic project was undertaken in the community sector, with a feminist domestic violence organisation in Aotearoa New Zealand... Read more
Stories of resistance: Women moving away from intimate partner violence
Yvonne Crichton-Hill
PhD thesis, University of Canterbury, 2016

Summary: There has been substantial work concerning intimate partner violence (IPV) around the world (Abrahams, 2010; Garcia-Moreno & Stockl, 2013; Krug et al, 2002; WHO, 2005) and in New Zealand and there is an increasing body of literature about the process of leaving violent intimate relationships. Understanding the nature of the moving away process is important to the development of successful systems of support for women and their families. This research thesis combines investigation of the following: factors that prompt women to move away from situations of intimate partner violence; the process of moving away; the strategies used to move away; and the individual and structural factors that supported women's move toward safety from IPV... Read more
Sustaining primary care responses to intimate partner violence
Claire Gear
PhD thesis, Auckland University of Technology, 2019

Summary: Globally, one in three women will experience intimate partner violence in their lifetime. The impact of violence on health and wellbeing is significant, yet, recognition of the relationship between intimate partner violence and ill-health is poor. Implementing and sustaining effective health care responses to intimate partner violence has proven challenging internationally. The author utilises complexity theory to reconceptualise a sustainable primary care response to intimate partner violence as a complex adaptive system and analyses the function of health system documents informing intimate partner violence responsiveness and interview primary care professionals on responding to intimate partner violence as a health issue... Read more
You can't see it if you're not looking: Sex trafficking in Aotearoa New Zealand
Natalie Thorburn
PhD thesis, University of Auckland, 2018

Summary: Domestic sex trafficking in Aotearoa has received little contemporary focus due to widespread ambiguity about its nature and prevalence, and discussion on the topic is made difficult by frequent and problematic conflation of 'sex work' with 'trafficking'. This thesis aimed to explore the experiences of Aotearoa victims of sex trafficking, using a narrative approach underpinned by a feminist and social constructionist epistemology in order to ethically navigate methodological issues presented by the likelihood of participants' past experiences of trauma and gender-based violence... Read more

Journal articles
Contact your local library for full text access to articles which are not freely available online

ACEs, cultural considerations and 'common sense' in Aotearoa New Zealand
Eileen Joy and Liz Beddoe

Social Policy and Society, 2019, 18(3): 491-497
Summary: The ACEs checklist is not yet widely used as a diagnostic tool within Aotearoa New Zealand child welfare services but its relatively low visibility at this point does not mean that some of the science behind this tool, and comparable tools and evidence, are not being used. This article will consider the ramifications of using this sort of tool within the cultural context of Aotearoa New Zealand... Read more
Methamphetamine use and violence: Findings from a longitudinal birth cohort
James A. Fouldes, Joseph M. Boden, Rebecca McKetin and Giles Newton-Howes

Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2020, Advance online publication, 23 December 2019
Summary: Evidence linking illicit methamphetamine use to violence perpetration and victimisation comes primarily from cross-sectional studies. These associations have not previously been studied in a longitudinal general population sample. Findings come from the longitudinal Christchurch Health and Development Study... Read more
A mixed-methods pilot study of the EAAA rape resistance programme for female undergraduate students in Aotearoa/ New Zealand
Melanie A. Beres, Gareth J. Treharne, Kayla Stewart, Jayde Flett, Mahfuzur Rahman and Damon Lillis
Women's Studies Journal, 2019, 33(1/2): 8-24

Summary: The Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) rape resistance programme, also known as 'Flip the Script', has been shown to reduce rates of sexual assault and attempted sexual assault among female university students.
These promising results are specific to the Canadian context where the programme was first developed; therefore, the aim of the current study was to pilot the feasibility of the EAAA programme at a university in Aotearoa/New Zealand... Read more
Paediatric intentional head injuries in the emergency department: A multicentre prospective cohort study
Franz E Babl, Helena Pfeiffer, Stuart R. Dalziel, et al, on behalf of the Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT)

Emergency Medicine Australasia, 2019, 31(4): 546-554
Summary: Although there is a large body of research on head injury (HI) inflicted by caregivers in young children, little is known about intentional HI in older children and inflicted HI by perpetrators other than carers. Therefore, the authors set out to describe epidemiology, demographics and severity of intentional HIs in childhood. A planned secondary analysis of a prospective multicentre cohort study was conducted in 10 EDs in Australia and New Zealand, including children under 18 years with HIs... Read more 
Effective design and implementation elements in interventions to prevent violence against women and girls
Rachel Jewkes, Samantha Willan, Lori Heise, Laura Washington, Nwabisa Shai, Alice Kerr-Wilson and Nicola Christofides. Pretoria: South African Medical Research Council, 2020
What Works To Prevent VAWG? Global Programme Synthesis Product Series

Summary: The What Works global programme has enabled learning about which interventions prevent VAWG, and in what settings. It has also allowed researchers to compare and contrast intervention design and implementation across a diverse portfolio. This report summarises findings from a range of programmes implemented in Africa and Asia, and marks the completion of the What Works project... Read more
Elder abuse surveillance: Uniform definitions and recommended data elements. Version 1.0
Jeffrey Hall, Debra L Karch and Alex Crosby
Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016

Summary: Longstanding divergences in the definitions and data elements used to collect information on Elder Abuse (EA) make it difficult to measure EA nationally, compare the problem across states, counties, and cities, and establish trends and patterns in the occurrence and experience of EA. To help remedy these problems and promote public health surveillance of EA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and a diverse group of EA experts collaboratively produced version 1.0 of uniform definitions and recommended core data elements for possible use in standardizing the collection of EA data locally and nationally... Read more
What works to prevent cyber violence against women and girls?
Becky Faith and Erika Fraser. London: VaWG Helpdesk, 2018
VAWG Helpdesk Research Report, no. 212, October 2018

Summary: Cyber violence against women and girls (Cyber VAWG) is a new and emerging form of violence and the term is used to describe how the internet and information and communication technologies exacerbate and magnify acts of violence against women and girls. It includes hacking, impersonation, surveillance/tracking, harassment/spamming, recruiting victims into violent situations, and malicious distribution of intimate photos and messages. This document presents findings from a rapid review of available literature... Read more
Journal articles
Contact your local library for full text access to articles which are not freely available online

Coercive control: Update and review
Evan Stark and Marianne Hester
Violence Against Women, 2019, 25(1): 81-104

Summary: This article reviews the background, introduction, and critical response to new criminal offenses of coercive control in England/Wales and Scotland. How the new Scottish offense is implemented will determine whether it can overcome the shortcomings of the English law. The authors then review new evidence on four dimensions of coercive control... Read more
Coercive control and criminal responsibility: Victims who kill their abusers
Brenda Midson 
Criminal Law Forum, 2016, 27: 417-442

Summary: ''Battered women'' as defendants pose a universal problem for legal systems. However, unlike English law which retains the defence of provocation alongside diminished responsibility, New Zealand's legal regime does not have sufficient flexibility to deal with the culpability of these defendants. Arguably other jurisdictions have similar problems, although there is data to suggest that the New Zealand criminal justice system's response to these defendants is more punitive than, for example, Australia's or Canada's. This article suggests an approach that moves away from a focus on the violence perpetrated against defendants toward a holistic approach that focuses on coercive control as it affects criminal responsibility... Read more
Correlates of intimate partner homicide among male suicide decedents with known intimate partner problems
Joseph E. Logan, Allison Ertl and Robert Bossarte

Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 2019, 49(6): 1693-1706
Summary: Intimate partner (IP) problems are risk factors for suicide among men. However, there is little understanding of why some male suicide decedents who had such problems killed their partners before death (i.e., "IP homicide
- suicide"), while most of these decedents did not. To inform prevention efforts, this study identified correlates of IP homicide among male suicide decedents with known IP problems in the United States using 2003-2015 National Violent Death Reporting System data... Read more
Homicide-followed-by-suicide incidents involving child victims
Joseph E. Logan, Sabrina Walsh, Nimeshkumar Patel and Jeffrey E. Hall
American Journal of Health Behavior, 2013, 37(4): 531-542

Summary: This study aimed to describe homicide-followed-by-suicide incidents involving child victims in the United States using 2003-2009 National Violent Death Reporting System data... Read more
The experiences of pregnant women attending a specialist service and using methamphetamine
Angela O'Connor, Emma Harris, Dale Hamilton, Colleen Fisher and Mark Sachmann

Women and Birth, 2020, In press, 13 February 2020
Summary: Pregnant women attending the Specialist Drug and Alcohol Service in Perth, WA use methamphetamine as their primary drug of choice. This is the only tertiary service for pregnant and postnatal women with complex Alcohol and Other Drug Use in Western Australia. It is a midwifery-led multidisciplinary team. Many of the women struggle with addiction, polysubstance use, co-occurring mental health, family and domestic violence, complex trauma and fear of Child Protection and infant removal. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand the impact of methamphetamine use of pregnant women attending the service and explore and highlight the potential barriers to engagement and follow-up... Read more
The nature and culture of social work with children and families in long-term casework: Findings from a qualitative longitudinal study
Harry Ferguson, Lisa Warwick, Tarsem Singh Cooner, Jadwiga Leigh, Liz Beddoe, Tom Disney and Gillian Plumridge

Child & Family Social Work, 2020, Advance online publication, 13 February 2020
Summary: Social work in the United Kingdom is preoccupied with what social workers cannot do due to having limited time to spend with service users. Yet remarkably little research has examined what social workers actually do, especially in long
- term relationships. This paper draws from an ethnographic study of two social work departments in England that spent 15 months observing practice and organizational life. The findings show that social work some of the time has a significant amount of involvement with some service users and the dominant view that relationship - based practice is rarely achieved is in need of some revision... Read more
Rapid review of men's behavior change programs
Amanda O'Connor, Heather Morris, Anastasia Panayiotidis, Victoria Cooke and Helen Skouteris

Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 2020, Advance online publication, 13 February 2020
Summary: In order to enhance women and children's safety, Men's Behavior Change Programs (MBCPs) aim to achieve change in perpetrators' violent behaviors, by making men accountable and responsible for their actions. The objective of this rapid review was to examine MBCP content, implementation, and the impact on participant and family outcomes...Read more 
In the news
- 18 February 2020

Links between violent extremism and violence against women - 18 February 2020

Report and recommendations from Māori-led Inquiry into Oranga Tamariki - 17 February 2020
Click on the link for event details. Check for recently added  events 
Dates throughout the year
Working Together for Vulnerable Kids  
Child Matters & Oranga Tamariki.
Free seminars throughout Aotearoa
More Child Matters training:
Child Protection Studies Workshops 
- Dynamics of sexual abuse
- Identifying and responding to vulnerability and child abuse 
- The impact of family violence on children
5 day training and Diploma block courses
Locations throughout Aotearoa. See website for details
11 March 2020 *NEW*

11 March 2020
13 March 2020 *NEW*
Let's Deal With It - Eliminating Racial Discrimination campaign launch
City launch events postponed - follow the campaign online
13 March 2020
Treating the effects of childhood abuse and neglect on young adults. John Briere, PhD
MEDSAC International speaker seminar
17 March 2020
18 & 19 March 2020 *NEW*
"Safe Relationships and Sexuality" for people with disabilities, their family and whanau
Disability Connect workshops
19 March 2020 *NEW*
Strangulation in the context of Intimate Partner Violence
Levin & Kapiti (Paraparaumu)
20 March 2020 
Understanding Trauma and Supporting Worker Well-being
SSPA workshop

20 - 21 March 2020
Pasefika Proud
21 - 30 March 2020
Te Tiriti-Based Futures & Anti-Racism 2020
Hui & webinars
Auckland & online

23 March - 3 April 2020 *NEW*
24 March 2020 
Brainwave Trust 2020 Conference
26 March 202 0
SSPA workshop

27 March 2020 
Understanding Trauma and Supporting Worker Well-being
SSPA workshop

26 - 28 March 2020 
Pasefika Proud
31 March - 1 April 2020

2 - 4 April 2020
Pasefika Proud 
6 & 7 & 8 April 2020 *NEW*
North Shore (6 April)
Central Auckland (7 April)
South Auckland (8 April)

6 - 7 April 2020
Age Concern New Zealand and the New Zealand Gerontology Association 2020 Conference

6 - 8 April 2020 *NEW*
Le Va conference

8 April 2020 *NEW*
21 April 2020

28 - 30 April 2020 
Chicago, Illinois, United States

28 - 30 April 2020
Pasefika Proud

5 May 2020 *NEW*

6 May 2020 
Shine One Day Introductory training

7 May 2020
7 - 9 May 2020 
12 May 2020 *NEW*

19 May 2020 

21 - 23 May 2020

28 May 2020 *NEW*

28 - 30 May 2020 
Pasefika Proud 

3 June 2020 
10-12 June 2020 
Melbourne, Australia

16 June 2020 *NEW*

16 June 2020 

1 July 2020  
Shine One Day Introductory training

21 July 2020 
4 - 5 August 2020 

2 September 2020
Responding Effectively to Victims of Domestic Violence
Shine One Day Introductory training
6 - 7 October 2020 
Working with Victims & Offenders of Domestic Violence in Multiple Settings
Shine Two Day training

8 - 11 November 2020 *NEW*
Safety 2020 - 14th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion
Adelaide, Australia
Call for abstracts closes 15 March 2020 

16 - 20 November 2020
Tāmaki Makaurau - Auckland 
Call for abstracts closes - Early bird, 17 April 2020, General, 5 June 2020.