Volcanoes gave birth to the Hawaiian Island chain and Kilauea and Mauna Loa continue to add to the Big Island. With each eruption comes a reminder that our planet is ever changing and that we cannot control mother nature. The Hawaiian Islands began to form 70 million years ago, emerging from the ocean and forged by the power of volcanoes, some never reached sea level and many have subsided and eroded beneath the ocean waters. Today there are five active shield volcanoes remaining, Lo’ihi, Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Hualalai and Haleakala. Mauna Kea stands the tallest, however, is considered to be extinct. These volcanic mountains are among the greatest mountain ranges on earth rising 15,000 feet to simply reach sea level with the highest, Mauna Loa, towering a further 13,680 feet above sea level.

Hawaii’s youngest and most active volcano, Kilauea, also claims the title of the world’s most frequently active volcano with 62 eruptions in 245 years with the latest eruption on May 4th, 2018. Hawaiian legend says it is here in the fire pit on the edge of the caldera, known as Halemaumau (House of Everlasting Fire) that the fire goddess Pele dwells.