December 6, 2023

Short Takes

Van’s Aircraft Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection

Alaksa Airlines Pilot Who Tried to Cut Engines Cleared of Attempted Murder

Spirit Of Mojave Boeing 747 Added to Stratolaunch Fleet

Airlines Set to Earn 2.7 Percent Net Profit Margin on Record Revenues in 2024

Reliable Robotics Flies Large Cargo Aircraft With No

One on Board

Rolls-Royce Calls Off Bets on Electric Planes, Says

Low-Carbon Fuel

is the Future

Lilium eVTOL Obtains EASA

Design Organization Approval

Contrail-Chasing Blue Condor Makes Airbus’ First Full Hydrogen-Powered Flight

Single-Pilot Cockpits: ALPA Weighs

in on the Dangers

AFWERX, NASA Collaborate to Develop Digital Advanced

Air Mobility

Operations Center

YouTuber Sentenced for Destroying Aircraft Wreckage, Obstruction

EcoPulse Demonstrator Makes First Hybrid-Electric Flight

NAFI Merch

NAFI has some

COOL apparel to

keep you WARM.

Get Your

Cozy NAFI Apparel


Click here to order, and check out other NAFI merchandise.

Gift Memberships
Do you know a pilot, aspiring flight instructor or CFI you believe may benefit from a NAFI membership? If so then purchase them a gift membership! Click here to begin and be sure to have your recipient's email and address information available. Remember, even your non-CFI friends may benefit, since all aviators can improve their flying by learning more about flight instruction.
Industry Member & Supporter of the WINGS Proficiency Program
NAFI's Job Board 
lists employment opportunities
that may be of interest to its members.

NAFI Members' Only for available positions.
We are always on the
 lookout for opportunities to assist our members. Please contact NAFI if you have job listings
to share.


Assuring Pilot Health and Safety

A number of health factors and physiological effects can be linked to safe flying. Some are minor, while others are important enough to require special attention to ensure safety of flight. In some cases, physiological factors can even lead to inflight emergencies. Section I.H of both the private pilot ACS and the commercial ACS includes the human factors that each learner should be prepared to discuss during the oral exam portion of a check ride. 


The list of factors is extensive and includes hypoxia, hyperventilation, middle ear and sinus problems, spatial disorientation, motion sickness, carbon monoxide poisoning, anxiety, stress, fatigue, dehydration and nutrition, hypothermia, and heatstroke. Also included are the less common dissolved nitrogen in the bloodstream after scuba dives. Importantly, we CFIs should remind the learner to be able to discuss regulations regarding the use of alcohol and drugs as well as the effects of over-the-counter medications. Chapter 17 of the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge includes extensive discussions of all of these factors along with strategies to recognize and prevent the impairments they can case. Chapter 8 of the Aeronautical Information Manual also includes thorough discussions of these factors. 


Vestibular illusions include the leans, the Coriolis illusion, the graveyards spiral, the somatogravic illusion, the inversion illusion, and the elevator illusion. Night vision illusions include autokinesis, a false horizon, the reversible perspective illusion, size-distance illusion, fixation, and flicker vertigo. It is a long-standing flying adage that a pilot can reduce susceptibility to disorienting illusions through training and awareness and learning to rely totally on flight instruments.


There are also optical illusions that impact the safety of flight. These include the runway width illusion, runway and terrain slopes illusion, and the featureless terrain illusion. Finally, atmospheric illusions can arise from rain on the windscreen, fog, and various forms of ground lighting. 


Remember, the ACS requires that the applicant demonstrate an understanding of the symptoms, recognition, causes, effects, and corrective actions associated with these aeromedical and physiological phenomena. Instructors should review these human factors with applicants for new certificates, during flight reviews, and during instrument proficiency checks. Doing so will contribute greatly to promoting pilot proficiency and ensuring flight safety.

Dr. Victor Vogel,

NAFI Board Member


Coming Soon: Mentor Magazine in Digital Format

In addition to the glossy print publication you love to read, the upcoming January/February 2024 issue of Mentor will also be available in an interactive digital format. It may be read on your phone, tablet, or computer and will allow NAFI members to link directly to online resources. An intuitive toolbar will guide readers easily through the digital content. To access the digital edition of Mentor, an email will be sent announcing when the new issue is ready. It will also be available on the NAFI website.

WINGS Industry Network Presentation

WIN Insights LIVE Broadcast

Wednesday, December 13, 2023 at 8 p.m. Eastern

Model Codes of Conduct for Aviators,

presented by Michael Baum, JD, MBA, ATP; and Ric Peri, Vice President of Government and Industry Affairs for the Aircraft Electronics Association

This presentation introduces the Model Codes of Conduct by the Aviators Code Initiative. It also:

  • defines a code of conduct in general
  • discusses the benefits of an aviator's code in particular
  • considers the importance of striving for excellence and how excellence and professionalism fits into flying
  • describes the scope of the ACI codes
  • emphasizes their practicality and support for academic endeavors
  • shows where to find the codes and supporting resources

Baum and Perry are on the Permanent Editorial Board of the Aviators Code Initiative.


WIN Insights is interactive, so questions and comments are welcomed. The course is WINGS-approved and requires successful completion of a quiz to earn credit. Register here. More about the WINGS Industry Network here.

Aviation Medical News

FAA Establishes Mental Health and Medical Committee

FAA Administrator Mike Whitaker announced that the agency has officially established the Mental Health and Aviation Medical Clearances Rulemaking Committee (ARC). The ARC will provide recommendations to the FAA on ways to identify and break down any remaining barriers that discourage pilots from reporting and seeking care for mental health issues. The ARC will also consider the same issues for FAA air traffic controllers. The rulemaking committee will submit its recommendations to the FAA by the end of March 2024. The FAA will soon name experts from the aviation and medical communities who will serve on the committee. Their work will build on the FAA’s previous work to prioritize pilot mental health. More here. Read the ARC charter here.

Aviation Industry News

Congress Takes Up Parks Air Tour Management Program

The House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations held hearings examining the National Parks Air Tour Management Program (ATMP). Critics of the ATMP maintain that the new rules governing these flights are draconian and will cripple the air tour industry at these locations, virtually eliminating them in some instances. Opponents also claim that the rules were constructed by the National Park Service (NPS) and the FAA without sufficiently consulting the industry and stakeholder National Parks Overflights Advisory Group (NPOAG). NPOAG was formed by the FAA and the NPS in the wake of the National Parks Air Tours Management Act becoming law in 2000. More here.

Drone News

FAA Launches 2023 Holiday Drone Safety Campaign

If you are considering a drone as a holiday gift, the FAA wants you and your loved ones to understand how to fly it safely. The FAA is launching its 12 Days of Drones campaign to educate people about the rules, regulations, and best practices of operating a drone. The agency will share important drone-safety information and resources that will help future pilots stay up to date with the latest rules. All the campaign’s safety messages will be posted on the FAA’s DroneZone Twitter and Facebook accounts throughout the month. The campaign will run each weekday from December 7 – 22 with each day dedicated to a specific drone safety topic. More here.

Rotorcraft News

FAA Proposed AD for Robinson Company Helicopters

The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Robinson Helicopter Company Model R22, R22 Alpha, R22 Beta, R22 Mariner, R44, R44 II, and R66 helicopters. This proposed AD was prompted by reports of helicopters losing a tail rotor blade (TRB) tip cap. This proposed AD would require visually checking and inspecting certain part-numbered and serial-numbered TRB tip caps for evidence of corrosion and, depending on the results, removing the corrosion. This proposed AD would also require removing all affected TRBs from service and prohibit installing them on any helicopter. The FAA is proposing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products. The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by January 22, 2024.

More here.

Airbus Flies Fully Automated Helicopter With a Tablet

Airbus has successfully tested a new simplified human machine interface along with advanced autonomous features through a project code-named Vertex. These technologies, developed by Airbus UpNext, are controlled by a touchscreen tablet and aim to simplify mission preparation and management, reduce helicopter pilot workload, and further increase safety. More here.

Electric Aviation News

MOSAIC Could Slash Electric Development Costs

A proposed rule modification from the FAA could benefit electric aircraft developers as it would allow new types of aircraft to fly without costing hundreds of millions of dollars for certification. Mike Hirschberg, director of strategy at the Vertical Flight Society said the proposed Modernization of Special Airworthiness Certification (MOSAIC) rule amendment for LSA should allow larger aircraft to be approved to fly under the category. This, he said, will make them much cheaper to certify, manufacture, and purchase than existing type certificated aircraft. The cost of flying, such as operations and maintenance, among others, will also be less with major changes like electric propulsion, which has generally been seen as costing less to fly and maintain than traditional LSA using piston-powered propulsion systems. MOSAIC could greatly accelerate the adoption of electric aircraft for small air vehicles as well as help attract more fixed- and rotary-wing pilots to the industry. More here.

eMentor's content comes from individual contributors and contains links to published sources outside of NAFI control, and thus does not necessarily mirror the opinions of NAFI, its membership or Board of Directors. eMentor is presented with the understanding that the information it contains comes from many sources for which there can be no warranty or responsibility by the publisher as to accuracy, originality or completeness. It is presented with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in product endorsements or providing instruction. NAFI values your privacy.

To view NAFI's Privacy Policy click here.

3101 E. Milham Ave.
Portage, MI 49002
Phone: 866-806-6156
Facebook  Twitter  Instagram  Linkedin  Youtube  
Contact NAFI's Team

If you have comments or suggestions, contact NAFI Director of Publications and Editor Beth Stanton at [email protected]