Agriculture and Economic Development in India
By Md. Ejaz Anwer
Agriculture is a vital sector and provider of livelihood for two-thirds of India’s working population. Some notable developments have occurred since Independence in 1947: large areas that suffered from repeated failures of rainfall have received irrigational facilities, and new crops have come to occupy a significant position in the country’s production and trade. Marginal and small farmers have borne
the brunt of the adverse circumstances in agriculture. The spate of suicides by farmers in many areas is the most disconcerting
manifestation of this distress. Accelerating the rate of growth of agricultural production must be seen as central to a more inclusive growth.
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