Topsoil moisture levels in Iowa rated 14% very short, 36% short, 48% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 18% very short, 45% short, 34% adequate, and 3% surplus. Moisture levels throughout the state vary widely with northwestern Iowa soils having an 84% short to very short levels.
Minnesota soils continue to see a shortage in moisture with topsoil moisture rated at 28% very short, 50% short, 21% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 24% very short, 49% short, 26% adequate, and 1% surplus.
Spotty rains in Iowa benefitted crops but additional more widespread moisture is needed, especially in the northern two-thirds of the state. Across Iowa, scattered reports of corn silking were reported. The corn crop in Iowa is rated at 62% good to excellent. The soybean crop is ahead of the five-year average with 39% of soybeans blooming and 5% setting pods. Soybean conditions for Iowa are rated at 59% good to excellent.
Corn conditions in Minnesota declined to 41% good to excellent compared to the previous week's rating of 43%. Reports of 5% of the crops silking were reported. Placing the crop two days ahead of last year and three days ahead of the five-year average. The soybean crop is one week ahead of the average with 38% of the crop blooming. Soybean conditions were rated at 44% good to excellent for Minnesota.
*Information and graphs obtained from June 28, 2021, USDA, NASS report