New York News in Research: November  2017
Highlights
New Stem Cell Research Offers Promise - and Raises Questions

Axios explores how new advances in stem cell research have the potential to save lives - but not necessarily for the reasons people think.  Take a closer look.
  
Irving Family's $700 Million Bequest to Columbia University and NewYork-Presbyterian Sets Stage for Dramatic Advances in Cancer Research and Care

Columbia University and NewYork-Presbyterian announced that Florence Irving and her late husband, Herbert Irving, have given $700 million to the two institutions to dramatically advance research and clinical programs for the treatment of cancer.  The Irvings' historic gift will have a profound impact on research and clinical care at what is already one of the world's preeminent academic medical centers at a time when new scientific tools and techniques are allowing researchers and clinicians to better understand how cancer begins and grows - and how to fight its spread.  Take a closer look.
  
Cancer
Weill Cornell Medicine: Non-Chemotherapy Drugs for Mantle Cell Lymphoma Worthy of Continued Study

Newer, non-chemotherapy drugs benefit many patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), an incurable form of blood cancer, and deserve deeper study in clinical trials, according to an editorial published Sept. 12 in Blood by scientists at Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian.  Take a closer look.
  
NYU Langone Health: Many Pelvic Tumors in Women May Have Common Origin: Fallopian Tubes

Most-and possibly all- ovarian cancers start, not in ovaries, but instead in the fallopian tubes to which they are attached.  This is the finding of a multicenter study of ovarian cancer genetics led by researchers from  Perlmutter Cancer Center  at NYU Langone Health, and  published online  October 17 in Nature Communications.    Take a closer look.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine: Study Shows How Nerves Drive Prostate Cancer

In a study in Science, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore, report that certain nerves sustain prostate cancer growth by triggering a switch that causes tumor vessels to proliferate.  Take a closer look.
  
Diabetes
Columbia University Medical Center: Diabetes Researchers Discover Potential New Insulin Sensitizers

A root cause of type 2 diabetes is a condition known as insulin resistance, in which cells stop responding to commands from the hormone that regulates glucose (sugar) storage. Restoring insulin sensitivity can be an effective strategy for preventing and treating diabetes, but the only insulin-sensitizing drugs on the market also stimulate the production of lipids (fats), which can lead to a number of serious side effects.  Take a closer look.
  
NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine: Researchers Link Western Diet to Vascular Damage and Prediabetes

Could short-term exposure to the average American diet increase one's risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease? According to a recent study funded by the American Heart Association (AHA), researchers from New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) provide compelling evidence to support this hypothesis Take a closer look.
  
Neurology
University of Rochester Medical Center: Data and Technology Drive New Approaches to Parkinson's Care, Research

Complex, multi-system diseases like Parkinson's have long posed challenges to both scientists and physicians.  University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) researchers are now reaching for new tools, such as algorithms, machine learning, computer simulations, and mobile technologies, to both improve care and identify new therapies.   Take a closer look.
  
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell: Can Dance Slow Progression of Alzheimer's Disease?

Assisted living residents are spending time on the dance floor to participate in a new study evaluating if dance can help slow the progression of memory loss. The study is overseen by leading Alzheimer's disease researcher Peter Davies, PhD, director of the Feinstein Institute's Litwin-Zucker Center for Alzheimer's Disease and Memory Disorders, and taking place at The Bristal Assisted Living in Lake Success.  Take a closer look.
  
Stem Cell
Weill Cornell Medicine: Transplantation of Young Blood Vessel Cells Boosts Function of Aging Stem Cells

Transplanting young blood vessel cells into older mice can make their aged stem cells take on the characteristics of young stem cells, leading to healthier blood systems and promoting better recovery from cancer treatment side effects, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine Take a closer look.
  
Other Studies
NYU Langone Health: Research Suggests New Way to Treat Inflammatory Gut Disease & Prevent Rejection of Bone Marrow Transplants

A new study explains how a widely used drug is effective against  inflammatory bowel disease and rejection of bone marrow transplants, while suggesting another way to address both health issues.  Take a closer look.
  
Albany Med Physician's Research on Opioid Use in the Emergency Department Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association

A study by an Albany Med physician comparing the effects of painkillers administered in an emergency department setting shows similar pain reduction between three different opioids and one non-opioid combination analgesic.  The paper, authored by Andrew Chang, M.D. M.S., Vincent P. Verdile, M.D., '84 Endowed Chair for Emergency Medicine, Vice Chair of Research and Academic Affairs, and Professor of Emergency Medicine at Albany Medical College, appears in the current (Nov. 7) issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Take a closer look.
SUNY Downstate's Dr. Brahim Chaqour Receives $2 Million for Research Into Treatment of Incurable Vision-threatening Diseases

Brahim Chaqour, PhD, professor of cell biology and ophthalmology at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, has received two awards to support research into treatment of currently incurable vision-threatening diseases. The new awards, totaling $2,008,973, are from the National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  Take a closer look.
  
Albert Einstein College of Medicine: NIH Funds Research to Fight Alzheimer's Disease with Anti-Inflammatory Diet

The National Institutes of Health has awarded Albert Einstein College of Medicine nutrition scientist Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Ph.D., R.D., a five-year, $4 million grant to test whether a diet rich in foods with anti-inflammatory properties can reduce cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease risk.  Take a closer look.
  
Albany Medical College Receives $1.6 Million NIH Grant for Research on How Age Increases Susceptibility to the Flu

Qi Yang, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Immunology and Microbial Disease at Albany Medical College, has received a $1.6 million, five-year grant to investigate how aging may increase individuals' susceptibility to the flu, and potential ways to improve resistance for the elderly Take a closer look.
  
New York Medical College Symposium Focuses on Tick-Borne Disease

Experts from across the country and as far as Slovenia gathered at NYMC on October 18 for "Bridging Clinical and Basic Science Research on Tick-Borne Infections Symposium: A Tribute to Ira Schwartz, Ph.D." The event honored Ira Schwartz, Ph.D., professor of microbiology and immunology, medicine and biochemistry and molecular biology, who is stepping down from his role as chairman of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology Take a closer look.
  

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