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Revue de l'actualité - News Digest 
23 novembre 2017 - November 23, 2017  
National security legislation
Législation sur la sécurité nationale
Tim McSorley on Bill C-59: Better than C-51, but that isn't saying much   
The CCPA Monitor 21/11/2017 - The Liberal government's centerpiece national security legislation, a response to the widely unpopular and much-criticized C-51 anti-terrorism bill introduced by the Harper Conservatives, is raising its own serious concerns from human rights and civil liberties advocates. On September 19, 41 organizations, including the ICLMG, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, the National Council of Canadian Muslims and the  Ligue des droits et libertés, published an open letter expressing grave concerns with Bill C-59, the National Security Act, 2017. The feeling was echoed a few days later, on September 26, when three experts in the field - Micheal Vonn of the British Colombia Civil Liberties Association, Paul Champ of Champ and Associates, and Tamir Israel of the Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic - spoke at an ICLMG-organized event in Ottawa on how Bill C-59's will impact human rights. "The tinkering is proving as unsatisfactory as we feared it would," said Vonn. Over 150 pages, the bill modifies several existing laws and creates an entirely new act governing the Communications Security Establishment (CSE), Canada's secretive surveillance and data collection agency. It would be difficult to cover all the intricacies and nuances of C-59, but we (at ICLMG) thought five in particular would be of special concern to  Monitor  readers: information sharing, surveillance, spy agency disruption powers, the no-fly list, and review and oversight. 
ICLMG Issue Page on Bill C-59, the new National Security Act
We have put together on our website an issue page on Bill C-59, which extensively but accessibly explains what is in this 150 pages-long legislation. Here are the 7 main sections of the bill. Read about Bill C-59's new oversight and review mechanisms. Read more about Bill C-59's changes to C-51, the Anti-terrorism Act of 2015. Finally, read more about Bill C-59's new mass surveillance and cyberpowers.  
The fear of terrorism is used to slowly increase the powers of intelligence and security agencies without proof that these powers are necessary to keep us safe; and at the same time, these powers pose a greater and greater risk to our civil liberties. We call that the "national security creep." We must resist incremental increases in government powers that chip away at our civil liberties, unless we want to become the proverbial frog in the boiling pot. We are putting together a call to action which will be coming out soon.   
Abuses by national security agencies
Abus causés par les agences de sécurité 
'My life was ripped apart': Two Calgary Muslim men say CSIS wrongfully targeted them
CBC News 22/11/2017 - Two Muslim men from Calgary say they were willing to assist Canada's security agents with terror-related inquiries until CSIS started hounding them and shared their personal information with foreign states. Speaking exclusively to CBC News, Yacine Meziane and Abderrahmane Ghanem say CSIS and the RCMP wrongfully lumped them in with a cluster of Calgary jihadis who left to fight with ISIS in Iraq and Syria. The two men say they were subjected to surveillance that quickly turned into harassment and eventually escalated into a full-scale disruption of their lives at home  and abroad. Ghanem or Meziane are demanding that Canadian intelligence agencies help clear their names and allow them to lead normal lives. CBC News has heard from half a dozen other Calgary Muslim men who say they've been similarly hounded by CSIS but are too afraid to speak openly for fear of backlash from security agencies. The National Council of Canadian Muslims says it has received 90 such complaints, in writing, in the past four years, and that number is probably low "because people do not know they can or should report these [incidents]," said Huda Alsarraj, NCCM's human rights officer. The Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC), which provides parliamentary oversight of CSIS, says it has received a similar number over the same period of time, but the agency does not keep track of the ethnicity of complainants. 
"War on terror"
"Guerre au terrorisme"
The Uncounted: New York Times Finds US Airstrikes Kill Far More Iraqi Civilians Than Pentagon Admits  

Democracy Now! 21/11/2017 - We spend the hour looking at a damning new report that reveals how U.S.-led airstrikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq have killed far more civilians than officials have acknowledged. The coalition's own data shows 89 of its more than 14,000 airstrikes in Iraq have resulted in civilian deaths, or about one of every 157 strikes. But their an on-the-ground investigation by The New York Times magazine found civilian deaths in "one out of every five" strikes. We are joined by the two reporters who co-authored this investigation titled "The Uncounted." Azmat Khan is an investigative journalist and a Future of War fellow at New America and Arizona State University; and Anand Gopal is a reporter and an assistant research professor at Arizona State University. A civilian survivor who lost his family and home to a 2015 U.S. airstrike in Mosul, Basim Razzo, also joins us from Erbil, Iraq.
Attacks on workers and dissenters
Attaques contre des travailleurs & activistes 
Trudeau Government Must Act after Striking Workers Murdered at Canadian-Owned Mine in Mexico
United Steelworkers 20/11/2017 - The murders of two strikers at a Canadian-owned mine underscores the widespread repression of basic labour rights in Mexico - even when the employer is Canadian, the United Steelworkers (USW) says. "On Saturday, November 18 - four days after the Canadian government was warned of the potential for such violence - an armed group murdered two striking workers from the Canadian-owned Media Luna gold mine in the state of Guerrero," said Ken Neumann, the USW's National Director for Canada. "The root of these brutal murders is the widespread repression of labour rights in Mexico - including by Canadian companies," Neumann said. "We are once again urging the Canadian government to intervene with Mexican authorities and the company to recognize the basic rights of Mexican workers and prevent further violence. The Mexican government and this Canadian company must ensure this conflict is resolved without further bloodshed."
Criminalization of dissent
Criminalisation de la dissidence
Letter: Criminalization of freedom of expression and international solidarity in Peru 
90 organizations including the ICLMG have signed this letter sent to the Peruvian authorities 
MiningWatch 17/11/2017 - Esteemed Minister Luna and Minister Mendoza Ramírez: The undersigned organizations write with concern over the criminalization of freedom of expression and international solidarity in Peru. In particular, we are alarmed following the harassment and the illegal and arbitrary detention of MiningWatch Canada's Latin America Program Coordinator Jen Moore and US journalist and filmmaker John Dougherty between April 18 to 23, 2017, as well as their subsequent prohibition from entry to Peru for an indefinite period. We urge you to take all measures necessary to stop this process of criminalization, including to lift the migratory alert that impedes their reentry to Peru and to prevent such a situation from occurring again against them or others. The detention of Ms. Moore and Mr. Dougherty took place following a public screening of the documentary "Flin Flon Flim Flam" about Hudbay Minerals' operations in the Americas. This was preceded by defamation in the press, harassment, and police surveillance. 
At First J20 Trial, Prosecution Falls Flat  
The Real News 21/11/2017 - "The first mass trial in the case of the J20 has begun. Some 200 people face charges for taking part in a protest on Inauguration Day against Donald Trump. Opening arguments were heard today in the case of six defendants who each face about 60 years. Chip Gibbons is Policy & Legislative Counsel for Defending Rights & Dissent. Welcome, Chip. You were there today at the trial. What happened?" "The prosecution, as well as the attorneys for the six defendants all gave their opening arguments. [...] The most interesting thing to me, though, is that she said, "I'll be very clear. We don't believe any of the defendants personally engaged in property destruction." So, she's very straight off the bat that these people aren't on trial for
property  destruction they did not commit. They're on trial because, in her mind, the anti-capitalist, anti-fascist bloc was a premeditated riot and that participation in it was unlawful and that everybody who showed up is guilty of a crime. [...] Most of the defense arguments were around the fact that this was First-Amendment-protected march. Their clients did nothing other than participate in a march. They had no intent to engage in property destruction. One of the attorneys also showed evidence of police brutality, including a police officer knocking someone over, spraying people indiscriminately with pepper spray.The other thing the defense had that I thought was really persuasive was they had a recording from the police chief on the radio before the first act of vandalism was ever committed talking about how they were going to kettle the march, they didn't use the word "kettle," but they talked about corralling and then blocking them off. So it was very clear that the police intended, before the first act of property damage was ever committed, to engage in this mass arrest. 
Read more - Lire plus
Criminalization and colonialism
Criminalisation et colonialisme 
Muskrat Falls, Criminalization of Land and Water Protectors, and Colonialism 
Watch a panel on the Muskrat Falls project, the poisoning of water and food, the dangers of landslides, floods and drowning - all documented by Harvard studies - the indifference of government officials, the power of energy corporations, the criminalization of land protectors opposing the project and journalists covering the protests, and the ongoing colonialism of this kind of projects and how they fail the most basic tests of free, prior and informed consent under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. With Kelly Morrissey, a Nunatsiavummiuk Inuk woman from Labrador, Matthew Behrens (Homes not Bombs, Ontario-Muskrat Solidarity Committee), Newfoundland researcher Emily Philpott (studying the impacts of the project), and Mireille Lapointe (a member of the Ardoch Algonquin First Nation community who sits as Head of Family on the Heads of Family Council). 
No-fly list
Liste d'interdiction de vol 
'Treated like a terrorist:' Edmontonians urge federal government to fix no-fly system
CBC News 22/11/2017 - An Edmonton university graduate and a professional planner flagged on Canada's no-fly list are among those urging the federal government to overhaul the system in next year's budget. The request is backed by Edmonton Liberal MP and Transport Minister Amarjeet Sohi, one of 200 MPs who have written letters to the Liberal finance minister and public safety minister, according to No-Fly List Kids, a group of families affected by the list across Canada. For years, Bashir Mohamed, 22, didn't give much thought to the extra screening he faced at airports, or his inability to check in at a kiosk or online. While en route to Vancouver, Mohamed ran into the usual delays. But at the check-in counter, he caught a glimpse of the agent's screen, even snapping a photo. The alert identified Mohamed as a travel risk, instructing the agent to call for clearance. "That proved beyond a doubt that I was affected," said Mohamed, chuckling at the notion of being branded a possible terrorist. "Which is actually kind of funny, I'm a pretty boring person." Mohamed posted the photo to Twitter, and tagged Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale, with a simple request: "Please fix this." It's a plea heard increasingly from Canadians, led by the organization No-Fly List Kids. Khadija Cajee and her husband Sulemaan Ahmed co-founded the group after their son Syed Adam Ahmed, 8, was flagged as a newborn. They say the group's membership now consists of hundreds of children and adults who share a similar name with someone on Canada's no-fly list, known as the Passenger Protect Program. Among them is Eleanor Mohammed, 39, a professional planner from the Edmonton-area who was recently named in the Top 40 Under 40 by Avenue Edmonton magazine. Twelve years ago, she was suddenly subjected to increased airport security checks after switching from her maiden name, Gartland, to her new husband's last name, Mohammed.
Canadians detained abroad
Canadien.nes détenu.es à l'étranger  
Canada's Extradition Law Condemns Hassan Diab to a Kafkaesque Ordeal  
Secret trials
Procès secrets

Mohamed Harkat seeks relaxation of strict monitoring  
The Canadian Press 16/11/2017 - The wife of Mohamed Harkat told a judge Thursday her husband wouldn't hurt a bug - literally - as she argued for fewer federal restrictions on his everyday activities. Authorities are balking at Harkat's request for more leeway to use the internet outside the family home and travel freely within Canada, saying he continues to pose a threat almost 15 years after being arrested. Sophie Harkat testified at a Federal Court of Canada hearing on the application that her spouse recently fished a millipede from the sink with a glass and placed it outside rather than squash it.  "He just doesn't have it in him," she told Justice Sylvie Roussel. The two-day hearing will determine whether current restrictions on the Algerian refugee will be eased. Harkat, 49, was taken into custody in Ottawa in December 2002 on suspicion of being an al-Qaida sleeper agent. The federal government is trying to deport the former pizza-delivery man using a national security certificate - a legal tool for removing non-citizens suspected of ties to extremism or espionage. Harkat denies any involvement with terrorism and fears torture if returned to his homeland. Harkat's submission to the court argues he "presents no threat to Canada or to any person" and that he has diligently complied with requirements for more than a decade. "A continuation of these conditions is not justified." The couple says the restrictions now in place have caused great stress and hardship, even preventing them from having children.
Migrant and refugee rights
Droits des migrant.es et réfugié.es 
Canada prepares for a new wave of refugees as Haitians flee Trump's America  
The Intercept 22/11/2017 - The risks of the irregular crossings are especially great in winter, and this one looks to be a cold one. Last year, during the coldest months, there were wrenching reports of frostbitten toes and fingers having to be amputated on arrival in Canada. Two men from Ghana lost all their fingers after they walked across to Manitoba - one told reporters he felt lucky that he had managed to keep one of his thumbs. Despite these hazards, there is every reason to believe the flow of migrants making their way to those trailers near Lacolle will continue even as the temperature drops. Indeed, the luggage-laden foot traffic may well speed up in the coming
weeks and months. That's because on Monday, November 20, the Trump administration made good on its threats to remove more than 50,000 Haitians from a program that currently allows them to live and work legally in the United States. In 20 months, they will be stripped of all protection and subjected to deportation. The administration has already announced it will be kicking Nicaraguans out of the same program and has suggested it may do the same to Hondurans next year. In September, Sudanese people got word that they're getting the boot as well. Salvadorans are expected to be next. The program, called Temporary Protected Status, gives special legal status to people from select countries that have been hard-hit by wars and natural disasters while their homelands recover (they need to be in the United States when the disaster strikes). After its devastating 2010 earthquake, the Obama administration added Haiti to the TPS list.
Amnesty International report: Rohingya trapped in dehumanising apartheid regime in Myanmar 
Amnesty International 20/11/2017 - The Rohingya people in Myanmar are trapped in a vicious system of state-sponsored, institutionalised discrimination that amounts to apartheid, said Amnesty International today as it publishes a major new analysis into the root causes of the current crisis in Rakhine State. "Caged without a roof" puts into context the recent wave of violence in Myanmar, when the security forces killed Rohingya people, torched whole villages to the ground, and drove more than 600,000 to flee across the border into Bangladesh. The two-year investigation reveals how authorities severely restrict virtually all aspects of Rohingyas' lives in Rakhine State and have confined them to what amounts to a ghetto-like existence where they struggle to access healthcare, education or in some areas even to leave their villages. The current situation meets every requirement of the legal definition of the crime against humanity of apartheid.
Autres nouvelles - More news
Access to information 
Accès à l'information 




Tell Trudeau: Pick up the Phone, Call Macron, Bring Hassan Diab Home  

Change.org - Prime Minister Trudeau,
We are calling on you to pick up the phone, call French President Macron, and work to bring home to Ottawa the wrongfully jailed Canadian citizen Hassan Diab. Dr. Diab is an Ottawa University professor and father of two young Canadian children who has been jailed for over three years in France as a result of a controversial and legally questionable extradition proceeding commenced by the previous Conservative government. Of critical concern is the fact that Dr. Diab has been   ordered released  on bail eight times by investigating judges in charge of his case, but on each occasion - most recently on November 14, 2017 - the Court of Appeal overturned all release orders at the prosecutor's behest. French lawyers have called this situation unprecedented, a political manoeuvre to look tough on terror even though a vast body of evidence shows Dr. Diab   did not commit any crime.


ICLMG Bill C-59 video series
Breaking down Bill C-59: The new National Security Act   
Want to know what's in Bill C-59, the new National Security Act, but don't have time to read 150 pages of complicated legalese?? WE'VE GOT YOU COVERED!  
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What's in Bill C-59?  
New oversight and review mechanisms 
Watch our 2nd video on Bill C-59, the National Security Act, and what changes it would bring to oversight and review 
of national security activities in Canada.  
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Over the next few weeks, ICLMG will be releasing 2 more videos on everything you need to know about Bill C-59.  Subscribe to our channel to be notified when our next videos come out.

I CLMG's National Security & Human Rights Speaker Series
C-51 two years later: Will C-59 restore human rights?

Micheal Vonn (BCCLA), Tamir Israel (CIPPIC, OttawaU) and Paul Champ (Champ and Associates) discussed the different aspects of the bill - oversight & review, information sharing, new powers for CSIS and CSE, the no-fly list - what's good, what's bad, and what's ugly.      
Islamophobia in Canada: How national security impacts Muslim communities

Dr. Monia Mazigh and lawyer Yavar Hameed are discussing the double standard and the polical use of the word terrorism; the impact of islamophobia, anti-terrorism laws and national security agencies' actions on Canadian Muslims; and how Islamophobia is both a cause and a consequence of Canada's national security apparatus.
National Security & the Criminalization of Dissent  
Freddy Stoneypoint talked about the use of national security discourse, laws and agencies to silence, discredit and criminalize Indigenous struggles for land, water, rights and sovereignty in Canada. Jen Moore talked about the use of anti-terrorism and national security laws to quash dissent from Indigenous and environmental activists in Latin America, specifically around Canadian extraction projects. Both have spoken of their personal experience with criminalization of dissent in Canada and in Peru. Last but not least, Paul Champ talked about the failure of Canadian oversight mechanisms to protect environmental activists from national security agencies' surveillance.
Our Speaker Series is sponsored by CUPE, the Canadian Union for Public Employees. We will be hosting one panel per month for 5 months on an important and timely issue related to national security and human rights in Canada. Stay tuned for the next dates and topics. 

Secure Your Chats: How to safely use end-to-end encryption  
Citizen Lab - If you knew that every piece of mail you sent was opened at the post office, read, and resealed before it was delivered, would you still feel comfortable divulging personal information in those letters? Unfortunately, SMS text messages that we send and receive may be subject to this exact type of inspection. This is why the Citizen Lab, in partnership with Open Effect and the University of New Mexico, has released  Secure Your Chats : a  Net Alert  resource that outlines how to safely use end-to-end encryption. End-to-end encrypted messaging is effective at protecting the content of your messages from being read as they travel across the Internet to your friends and family. Essentially, each message is scrambled and can only be unscrambled by the sender and recipient of the message. This is a powerful method to ensure that third party actors can't access your communiques and that service providers can't read or give up any information that you send or receive. Many chat apps enable end-to-end encryption by default, including: WhatsApp, Wire, Signal, and LINE.  

Street-Level Surveillance:
A Guide to Law Enforcement Spying Technology  
EFF's "Street-Level Surveillance" project shines light on the advanced surveillance technologies that law enforcement agencies routinely deploy in our communities. These resources are designed for members of the public, advocacy organizations, journalists, defense attorneys, and policymakers who often are not getting the straight story from police representatives or the vendors marketing this equipment.
Tell the Senate: Don't pass Bill C-23! 

LeadNow & BCCLA - Our rights while travelling to the United States could be at risk. The Senate is currently debating a bill that would give US border officials unprecedented rights to search and detain Canadian citizens, on Canadian soil. Bill C-23 would grant US border guards new powers to question, detain and even strip search Canadian citizens going through US customs in Canadian airports. The bill has already passed the House of Commons and could become law with little fuss in just a few weeks, unless we speak up now. We've partnered with the BCCLA to stop this bill in its tracks - but we need to act fast. Will you send an email to members of the Senate Transportation Committee and Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale asking them to refuse to pass Bill C-23?

Stop illegal spying! 

BCCLA - The Canadian government's security agencies have been spying on law-abiding Canadians engaged in peaceful activities related to the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline project. It's time to hold our spy agencies accountable.  
I call on the government to respect democratic participation, freedom of association, and the rule of law.
I have the right to participate in public debate without fear of being spied on or intimidated by my government. Respect my rights and stop spying on me!

Tell Trudeau: Time to spill secrets 

CJFE - Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) is calling on the Canadian Government to launch an inquiry into allegations of the suspicionless surveillance of environmental activists. We further want the government to voluntarily disclose all documentation about the extent and specifics of this practice, and to ensure that Canadians are never again targeted by state intelligence for environmental advocacy.

Adherence Form in favor of repeal of the Anti-terrorist law in Chile  

Instituto nacional de derechos humanos - The undersigned human rights organizations, social movements, and other civil society organizations from numerous countries in the international community raise our voices to express our profound concern, repudiation, and solidarity regarding the ongoing grave human rights violations against indigenous peoples in Chile. We are especially concerned about the situation of the Mapuche people, who have been repressed and persecuted under the Anti-Terrorism Act and whose leaders and members have been imprisoned.

Call for increased levels for refugees  

Canadian Council for Refugees - In the next few weeks, the federal government will make crucial decisions about immigration levels for 2018. These decisions will affect how many refugees can find a permanent home in Canada. If you support Canada opening the door to refugees, now is the time to write to your Member of Parliament, copying the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship ( Minister@cic.gc.ca), and to submit   comments to the Prime Minister, asking the Government of Canada, in setting the immigration levels, to:
  • Increase Government-Assisted Refugee numbers to 20,000 per year;
  • Ensure the numbers for privately sponsored refugees are sufficient to clear the backlog of cases by the end of 2018;
  • Ensure the levels for "Protected Persons in Canada and Dependants Abroad" are high enough so that the increased numbers of refugee claimants can be quickly landed and reunited with family, if their claim is accepted.

CJPME - The "Peace in Palestine" campaign is an effort to get Canada's politicians to have an honest public discussion about Israel's illegal "settlements," and how Canada must respond. A core component of the campaign is a Parliamentary ePetition, calling on the government to "demand that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territories." Please   sign the Parliamentary ePetitionnow! Through the grassroots support for this campaign, we want to force a public debate and spur the introduction of a parliamentary motion on Israel's illegal settlement activities.

CJFE - A strong access to information system is vital to maintaining a healthy democracy. Yet Canada's system is in shambles, plagued by long delays and a huge list of exceptions and exclusions. Shockingly, the Information Commissioner has called the Access to Information Act "a shield against transparency." The Liberal government said they'd fix Canada's access to information system, then broke a key promise to open up the Offices of the Prime Minister and Ministers to public requests. The current system isfailingCanadians and the government's weak reform bill, Bill C-58, won't fix it. It's on us to keep the government accountable. If Canadians speak with one voice to demand transparency, we can start to build the open democracy we deserve. Tell President of the Treasury Board Scott Brison: scrap Bill C-58 and write a new bill that gives Canadians the open and accountable government we deserve!  

Open Media - Ministers from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, and the U.S. have gone public with their plans for a huge attack on our personal security. They want to force companies to crush the encryption that protects our private data and messages. But ordinary people need and use encryption every day, in everything from online banking to personal messaging in apps like WhatsApp. Tell ministers to stop their attacks, and commit to protecting our privacy and security.

Petition: Stop Stingray Surveillance 

OpenMedia - Stingrays (also known as "IMSI-catchers") are surveillance devices that can suck up sensitive, personal info in our cell phones. Calls, emails, and texts - our most intimate moments. You don't have to do anything wrong to be a victim. Stingrays CAN'T target one person. They CAN vacuum  up an entire neighbourhood, or the private data of up to 10,000 people at once. We know they're being used in countries including the U.S. and Australia, and other governments are fighting to keep their use a secret. We must rein this in. Tell law-makers: It's time to put a stop to invasive Stingray cellphone surveillance.

Resource: IMSI catchers in Canada  


Petition: Tell Justin Trudeau: No Armed Drones!  

Ceasefire - Canada's new defence policy includes a commitment to acquire armed drones  "for precision targeting" despite widespread concerns about their misuse both in situations of armed conflict and in the dreadful context of "extrajudicial killings". Armed drones have been implicated in the killing of untold numbers of innocent civilians, most recently in a shocking U.S. drone strike on a mosque in a Syrian village, reflecting a systematic U.S. effort, since the advent of Trump, to loosen targeting practices and reduce public accountability for strikes that kill civilians. The new defence policy contains no rationale for why Canada needs armed drones nor any policy framework to guard against their misuse. Astonishingly our Prime Minister has stated we will develop a policy only once we are ready to use them.

Les opinions exprimées ne reflètent pas nécessairement les positions de la CSILC - The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the positions of ICLMG

What is the News Digest? Qu'est-ce que la Revue de l'actualité?

The News Digest is ICLMG's weekly publication of news articles, events, calls to action and much more regarding national security, anti-terrorism, and civil liberties. The ICLMG is a national coalition of 45 Canadian civil society organizations that was established in the aftermath of the September, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States.
La revue de l'actualité est notre publication hebdomadaire de nouvelles, d'évènements, d'appels à l'action, et beaucoup plus, entourant la sécurité nationale, la lutte au terrorisme, et les libertés civiles. La CSILC est une coalition nationale de 45 organisations de la société civile canadienne qui a été créée suite aux attentats terroristes de septembre 2001 aux États-Unis.



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