Fish and White Bean Spread
15 oz can cannellini beans, drained and rinsed
1 clove garlic 
1 tablespoon fresh thyme leaves 
3 tablespoons olive oil 
? tsp Tabasco 
? tsp salt 
2 tablespoons lemon juice 
8 oz smoked fish, mashed with a fork (I like trout or salmon)

Put the cannellini beans in a food processor and add the garlic, thyme, olive oil, Tabasco, salt and lemon juice. Process until smooth, then transfer to a bowl.


Gently stir in the fish. Serve chilled or at room temperature, with crackers, or on a sandwich in place of tuna salad.




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Branching Out with Faith Appelquist



Questions, suggestions or comments are welcome.

Contact Faith at (612) 618-5244 or by email 


Why is My Crabapple Dropping its Leaves?


It is likely that the leaf drop is the result of a fungal disease called apple scab. It's more common following cool, wet springs. The leaves develop small purple spots that can become large brown blotches on the individual leaves which are shed from the tree in mid-summer. The disease is seldom harmful to a healthy, established tree. Infected leaves cannot be cured but the initial infection can be prevented by applying a fungicide beginning at bud break. Control requires yearly spraying, which is time consuming and costly.  


Unfortunately, many crabapples are worthless because of extreme susceptibility to apple scab. It makes no sense to spray or to have half-to fully-defoliated trees in the garden when smart selections are available. Disease resistance should be your first consideration. The following list has shown good disease resistance to apple scab.

  • Adirondack (Malus 'Adirondack')
  • Beverly (Malus 'Beverly')
  • Calocarpa (Malus x zumi 'Calocarpa')
  • Dolgo (Malus 'Dolgo')
  • Harvest Gold? (Malus 'Hargozam')
  • Lancelot (Malus x 'Lanzam')
  • Molten Lava? (Malus 'Molazam')
  • Prairifire (Malus 'Prairifire)
  • Professor Sprenger (Malus 'Professor Sprenger')
  • Royal Raindrops (Malus x 'JFS-KW5')
  • Tina (Malus sargentii 'Tina')
  • Sugar Tyme? (Malus 'Sutyzam')

This variety was a poor choice in the landscape.
By mid-summer apple scab infection make these trees look sick.


Royal Raindrops crabapple leaf shows no apple scab infection
late into the fall.


For more information on apple scab       

10-Point Plan for a Happy, Healthy Lawn:


My goal is to create a healthy grass that out-competes weeds and is better for the environment. These steps should be taken every year.

  1. Raise lawn mower blade to 3 ? - 4 inches.
  2. Avoid raking and walking on grass in early spring.
  3. Keep all clippings on lawn, do not bag. This reduces the need for nitrogen fertilization by as much as 50 percent.
  4. End of May or early June apply a pre-emergent herbicide according to package directions. This takes care of grassy weeds such as crab grass.
  5. Keep lawn well-watered throughout the summer. Avoid letting the grass go off-color or brown in the summer.
  6. Mow lawn less frequently in the heat of the summer. It's ok to let it grow a little longer.
  7. In August apply Weed and Feed product (broadleaf weed killer and fertilizer). This takes care of dandelions or creeping Charlie for example.
  8. In September apply Weed and Feed product again (broadleaf weed killer and fertilizer). Most of the total fertilizer applied should be spread in the fall to support root health and to help the grass recover from summer stresses
  9. In October core aerate with two passes to make checkerboard pattern.
  10.  Over-seed immediately with a grass mix, while the soil plugs are still visible. This allows for good soil-seed contact, a trick golf courses employ.

Fall is the best time to for lawn care.


Fall core aeration and over-seeding is key to healthy grass
the following spring.


For more information on keeping your lawn happy and healthy, reference the University of Maryland's Professional Lawn Care Manual.

Thanks for reading. Happy Planting!    


Faith Appelquist

President & Founder


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