Autumn Apple Crisp   

This classic crisp has a twist: maple syrup and cranberries




� cup plus 1/2 tablespoon flour

� cup brown sugar

� cup oats

1 tsp cinnamon

1 stick (8 tablespoons) chilled butter

� cup chopped pecans

3 lbs apples, peeled and sliced

� cup dried cranberries

� cup maple syrup


For the topping,
blend butter, flour, cinnamon and sugar with a pastry blender or food processor until butter is pea sized. Mix in pecans and oatmeal.


Mix apples, cranberries, maple syrup and � tablespoon flour in bowl. Pour into buttered 9 � inch pie pan. Scatter on topping.  


Bake 375 for
50 minutes.





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Branching Out with Faith Appelquist



Questions, suggestions or comments are welcome.

Contact Faith at (612) 618-5244 or by email 



November Garden Checklist

  • Fall is a great time to prepare for a new flower bed.
    Turn soil and add compost necessary. Freezing and thawing over winter makes soil more workable.
  • No more planting of herbaceous plants.
  • Rake fallen leaves and compost or shred with lawn mower and place around landscape plants. Discard diseased leaves, twigs, and fruits.
  • Plant hardy, spring-flowering bulbs outside until the ground freezes.
  • Water landscape plants deeply, especially evergreens, before the ground freezes.
  • Burlap newly planted evergreens.
  • Cut back foliage of perennials to the ground after a few hard freezes.Leave unusual seed heads, ornamental grasses or anything with attractive winter interest.
  • Apply winter mulch to tender perennials and roses after a hard frost and as ground begins to freeze.
  • Drain and store garden hoses.
  • Store garden chemicals in an area above 40�F.
    Keep out of reach of children and animals.
  • Construct a cylinder of hardware cloth, chicken wire, or fencing around plants to protect against rabbit, mice, and deer that damage the bark and twigs of plants.
  • Clean and oil tools after all clean-up is complete.
  • Clean out birdhouses.
 Hardware cloth protects tender bark from deer and critter damage. 

I use 4-6 inches of Mini-Nuggets over my perennials. Then uncover in the spring and use as mulch.
Click here for more information on winterizing your garden.

Why Do Leaves Change Color?


As the nights get longer in August and September, trees sense this and begin an orderly process of leaf drop as protection to survive the freezing temperatures and other harsh winter influences.

As the length of the days shortens, the leaves stop their production of chlorophyll, which provides the green color. Other pigments, mostly yellow, that are present in the leaves then show through. The yellow color is the result of carotene and xanthophyll, and is most prevalent in aspen, birch, hickory, beech, tuliptree (yellow poplar) and willow.

Sugars that are trapped in the leaves form red pigments, the anthocyanins. Some trees with red or scarlet leaves in autumn are red and Korean maple, dogwoods, sweetgum, red oak, black oak, scarlet oak, sumac and sassafras. Some trees will produce copious amounts of the red pigments, others produce little or none. Combinations of the red and the yellow pigments create the palette of hues that seem to range across the spectrum.


The variation in color depends on many factors. Weather conditions during the weeks before autumn will have significant impact. Frost is not the key, and in fact can cause the leaves to die and wither before the colors develop. Low levels of sugars in the leaves will result in muted colors in the fall. Temperatures and cloud cover also have an impact: warm nights result in a more rapid break-down of the pigments, and cloudy days can reduce the amount of some pigments that are produced. Drought conditions can actually enhance the development of bright red leaves. Of course, the genetic variation between species and between individuals in a species also has an effect on the colors produced. The best autumn colors are the result of clear, dry, and cool (but not freezing) weather.

Ginkgo biloba


Mountain Ash
(Sorbus alnifolia)

Blue Beech
(Carpinus caroliniana)

Spiraea fritschiana

Upright Red Chokeberry
(Aronia arbutifolia

Red Oak

Sugar Maple/
Basswood forest
For more information on why autumn leaves change color.
Thanks for reading. Happy Planting!    


Faith Appelquist

President & Founder


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