Salmon Ball

2 cups smoked salmon, flaked
8 oz cream cheese
2 tablespoons horseradish
¼ cup chopped onion
1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
¼ cup chopped salted pecans
2 tablespoons chopped parsley

Combine all ingredients, except walnuts and parsley, and form into a ball or log.

Roll in mixture of pecans and parsley. Wrap in saran wrap and chill for 1 hour.

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New Attention Grabbing Plants for 2018 
Eilers Beauty Grass
A spunky, spiky little fescue. Glaucous blades, somewhat greener than others. Fresh green inflorescence becomes a stiff spray of tan seed heads on red-tinged stalks. Adaptable to tough conditions, even dry shade. Grows 8 inches tall. Drought tolerant.

Mariken Ginkgo biloba

This dwarf Ginkgo Biloba tree is an ornamental masterpiece prized for its compact stature and fan shaped leaves that turn gold in the autumn. The ball-shaped Ginkgo flattens as it grows, naturally spreading twice as wide as it is tall without any ties, wires or pruning. Grows 6 feet tall and wide. Full sun.

Bella Sol Potentilla

Compact form and large, full sized flowers will really wow the gardener from spring through the summer. The golden orange flowers darken as they age and contrast nicely with the mounded green foliage. Deer avoid this compact shrub while butterflies flock to its blooms all summer. Grows 3 feet tall and wide. Full sun.

American Goldfinch Baptisia
Gorgeous, golden yellow flower spikes rise up above its wide habit. One of the most floriferous Baptisia producing loads of brightly colored spikes for many weeks. After the blooming season, 'American Goldfinch' produces attractive round seed pods in the fall. Baptisia is easy to grow and thrives with little maintenance. Full sun. Grows 3 feet tall and wide.

Blue Marvel Salvia
The beautiful spikes of long-lasting violet- blue flowers with blue overtones appear in the mid spring and gradually fade to reveal the burgundy calyces adding to its garden contributions. Removing the spent bloom will help keep them blooming. When flowering, the eye-catching clumps reach 12 inches high and wide. Full sun.

Cinnamon Fern
The cinnamon fern features showy, cinnamon-colored fertile fronds in early spring followed by large arching sterile fronds the remainder of the growing season, making this an attractive addition to the moist shade garden. Grows 3 feet tall and wide. Shade.

Wee White Hydrangea
The first dwarf 'Annabelle' type hydrangea in the world! This cute little landscape plant ensures that any landscape can enjoy the reliability, low-maintenance, and season-long beauty of hydrangeas. Grows 2 feet high and wide. Full sun-part shade.

Twinkle Toes Pulmonaria Twinkle Toes welcomes spring with a dainty light blue flowers. After the flowers fade, 'Twinkle Toes' keeps the show going with low mounds of fuzzy, dark green leaves that are heavily splattered with silver markings. An excellent companion for ferns, hostas, and other woodland plants. Grows 1-2 feet high and wide. Shade.
All of these plants can be found at Bachmans.
Late to the Party
I find it fascinating at this time of year to try to pinpoint the day that I can say that the leaves are out and spring has finally arrived. Usually it's sometime in the second week of May, though it seems to have been inching forward over the past couple of decades. But even when I can declare that it's "spring," not every tree is clothed in green.

Certain groups of plants such as maples, birches, willows, and apples tend to leaf out early, while other groups such as oak, coffeetree, honeylocust, and catalpa tend to leaf out late. Why? The answer has to do with genetics and evolution, climate and weather.

A lot of a tree's leaf-out strategy has to do with how the tree's water-carrying vessels are arranged. Oaks, elms, and ashes are so-called "ring porous" species.  Their water-conducting vessels are bigger and can carry more water, but are easily damaged by freezing temperatures. Ring-porous trees have to grow a new annual ring of wood before they can produce leaves, so they usually leaf out late.

Maple, birch and willows are "diffuse porous" species. Their water-carrying vessels are narrower and scattered throughout the growth wood and are not as susceptible to cold damage. It might seem logical that a tree that leafs out earlier would have an edge in the race for sunlight. But there is a safety versus efficiency tradeoff here. Those that leaf out early might get a head start, but they're also running a risk of a late spring frost that could kill their leaves and damage vessel elements, the chief water-conducting tissue. 

This late leafing habit could also be because late-leafing species evolved in southerly or tropical areas, whereas the early-leafing species evolved in temperate or colder climates. In other words, if a plant originated in a warmer climate, it may not have fully adapted mechanisms for dealing with extreme cold and therefore may have different factors regulating leaf out than a plant originating in a colder climate.

As the climate warms, some plants are leafing out a full week earlier in the spring, perhaps extending the growing season and their competitive advantage. Just what this means for our future forests is uncertain. For example, in eastern North America, maple and birch trees, which leaf out early, may be replaced gradually by more heat-tolerant oak trees, which tend to leaf out later in the spring. Insects are involved too. If certain kinds of insects feed only on the young leaves of a particular plant, those insect species may decline if they emerge too early or late in the spring relative to their food supply.

In the end, a staggered leaf-out schedule might be a good thing. The variation may help in creating a healthy, resilient forest. Of course it might be a benefit to the forest as a whole that not everybody does everything at the same time. Climate change has brought a renewed emphasis on research into why trees do what they do when they do it. And there's still a lot to be learned.

A honeylocust waits for the 'all clear' to leaf out, while a white blooming crabapple and maple in the background get a jump on spring.

No matter how late it leafs out in spring, a Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is worth waiting for.

Because ash has ring-porous wood it moves most of its water only in the youngest ring just under the bark, which makes the tree particularly vulnerable to Emerald ash borer.
For more information on "leafing out"    

Thanks for reading.  
Happy Planting!    


Faith Appelquist

President & Founder


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