Supreme Salad

1 large head broccoli, cut up

1 large head cauliflower, cut up

� cup raisins

� cup purple onion, chopped

� pound bacon, cooked and crumbled

� cup sunflower seeds


Dressing: 1 cup mayonnaise, � cup sugar, 1 tablespoon white vinegar, 2 tablespoons lemon juice


Toss salad; marinate in refrigerator for 2 hours.





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Branching Out with Faith Appelquist



Questions, suggestions or comments are welcome.

Contact Faith at (612) 618-5244 or by email 


Landscape Design Principles: Dominance  


A common fault of many weak designs is the lack of a dominant feature. The eye tends to wander restlessly as there is no one element or portion of the design that 'holds' the eye. Without a dominant feature, all the design elements seem to have equal importance. A dominant feature establishes a sense of unity in that all other elements appear secondary to it. Unity is created by their subordination to the dominant feature. By comparison, scattered groupings of plants and unrelated garden ornaments are the opposite of unity.


Through the use of dominance, eye movement is directed toward a center of interest that takes a position of prominence in the landscape. This could be an ornamental tree, an open area of lawn, a beautifully-designed water feature, a piece of sculpture, a prominent rock or a spot of light at night.


A word of caution. The dominant element should have some qualities that are in common with the other elements of the composition so it feels like it's part of the whole. Furthermore, while there may be more than one accent within a design there should not be so many as to create a chaotic situation, where the eye moves continually from one accent to another without rest.

A dominant feature like this brightly colored ceramic pot acts as a focal point, pulling together an otherwise nondescript scene. 

Above: a small tree is used as a dominant theme in this entry garden. Design by Tree Quality.


Below: too many accent trees used in this composition create chaos and stress in visual unity. 


For more information on Dominant plantings and unity in a garden.
"The Earth is Flat and Pruning Paint Prevents Rot"


It does seem counter-intuitive to leave a wound uncovered when we consider it from a human point of view. Many people treat tree wounds just like they would treat cuts in the human body--with a dressing. That is the way we tend to think about wounds, but remember a tree is not a human, or even an animal, and responds in a different manner.

The basic idea is that trees seal off injuries; they do not heal like we do. If there is damage they build a wall of tissue around it and carry on growing. When you apply tar, or aloe gel or paint to a tree wound you are sealing in moisture and preventing the wall of tissue from forming. Some of the ingredients can actually serve as a food source for pathogens and none of them will stop rot.

Purchasing a special tree wound dressing is a waste of money. Science has established for well over 50 years that wound dressings and pruning paints do not prevent wood rot. So it's about time we relegated this practice to the dust bin of history.

The best treatment of a pruning cut is no treatment at all. Trees have been around for 360 million years and managed quite well without our "help." If you see a tree with a fresh pruning cut, chances are it needs a drink of water more than anything else.  

This tree is responding to a proper pruning cut, by forming a round doughnut of callus tissue which will eventually close the wound.

Black paint applied to these wounds will probably do more harm to the tree than good. 


For more information on the side effects and dangers of Pruning Paint. 

Thanks for reading. Happy Planting!    


Faith Appelquist

President & Founder


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