Providing science-based information to serve Hawaii's Farming Community
HTML version of HānaiʻAi available at: http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/sustainag/news/index.html
HānaiʻAi
The Food ProviderJune - July - August 2011
Sustainable and Organic Program Logo
Greetings!

Welcome to the Summer issue of HānaiʻAi, the sustainable agriculture newsletter of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. The mission of HānaiʻAi is to provide a venue for dissemination of science-based information to serve all of Hawaii's Farming Community in our quest for agricultural sustainability.

 

As we complete our second year of publishing HānaiʻAi, it is a good time to stop and look back. In each issue, our Featured Farmer column highlights successful agribusinesses in pursuit of their goal to achieve the "triple crown" of sustainability: profitability, environmental stewardship, and a positive quality of life for those involved in agriculture. In Growing Your Business from the Field, Drs. Radovich and Cox revisit these innovative growers, their opinions, approach and advice to other growers on sustainability and agriculture in Hawaii.

 

In our Sustainable and Organic Research News feature, we highlight the work of CTAHR researchers who continue to focus on practices that promote plant health, a vital soil, and a strong market for local products. The Organic Update highlights the recent HFBF Organic Symposium, which brought together growers, researchers, educators and administrators to discuss how to better support our certified organic growers and take the industry to the next level.

 

Make sure to visit the "back pages" of the newsletter as well. New posters and publications relating to sustainable agriculture are linked in Publications & Programs, and several upcoming Workshops, Conferences and Meetings are announced, including the 'Ulu Festival and Taste of the Hawaiian Range. We also congratulate (and list) the 2011 WSARE Program grant awardees, including 3 teams from CTAHR who were collectively awarded almost $500,000.


We hope you find this issue of HānaiʻAi useful, and welcome your input.

Growing Your Business From the Field

Outstanding in Their Field: Farmer Perspectives on Sustainable Agriculture in Hawai'i

By Dr. Ted Radovich and Dr. Linda J. Cox

3Ps of Sustainability: People Profit Planet

 

Hanai'Ai includes an article in every issue about how a farmer's operation has become successful over the years. The articles have many great suggestions for new and existing producers. This valuable input is summarized here so our readers can get an overview of what our field experts recommend for everyone interested in sustainable agriculture.

 

READ the full article here.

 

FMI: Ted Radovich, Email: theodore@hawaii.edu 

Linda Cox, Email: lcox@hawaii.edu 

CTAHR Sustainable & Organic Research News
News from Hawaii's researchers & extension professionals 

TYLCV tomato trials

Field Evaluations of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Resistant Varieties for Commercial Production

Jari Sugano, Email: suganoj@ctahr.hawaii.edu;  

Michael Melzer, Email: melzer@hawaii.edu;  

Archana Pant, Email: apant@hawaii.edu;  

Ted Radovich, Email:  theodore@hawaii.edu;  

Steve Fukuda, and  

Susan Migita, Email:  migitas@ctahr.hawaii.edu  

 

Tomato yellow leaf curl, caused by Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), is a devastating disease of tomato worldwide and was first detected and identified in commercial tomato plantings around Oahu and Maui in 2009. In 2010, a replicated field trial was conducted at the Poamoho Research station using 11 commercial varieties with putative resistance to TYLCV. The varieties were evaluated based on total marketable yield, total marketable count, grade A yield, grade A count and tolerance to TYLCV. Overall, data indicated variety VT-62940 and VT-62966 had the highest marketable yields followed by Adonis, Tygress, Pik Ripe 461 and Tovi Star.

 

READ the full article here. 

 

Improving the Status of Sunn hemp as a Cover Crop for Soil Health and Pest Management

butterfly on sunn hemp flowers

Koon-Hui Wang, Email: koonhui@hawaii.edu;  

B.S. Sipes, Email: sipes@hawaii.edu;  

C.R.R. Hooks, Email: crrhooks@umd.edu  and  

James Leary, Email: leary@hawaii.edu 

 

Sunn hemp as a cover crop can meet most of the N, P, K nutrient requirements for many vegetable crops. In addition, sunn hemp leaf extract has been shown to assist in nematode management. However using sunn hemp in a conventional cropping system has limitations. This article summarizes these limitations and provides suggestions to improve the use of sunn hemp as a cover crop for soil health and nematode management.

 

READ the full article here. 

 

Growing Local Beef ProductsHawaii Veal

Glen Fukumoto, Email:  gfukumot@hawaii.edu   

Linda Cox, Email: lcox@hawaii.edu 

 

In March 2011, the Honolulu Magazine ranked Hawaiian Red Veal, which is marketed by the Hawaii Cattle Producers Cooperative Association as "the best local meat" in the State of Hawai'i. This article highlights the close working relationship with the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR)'s Cooperative Extension Service and the beef industry that has resulted in many 'industry-driven' research projects in the area of meat science and technology, which contributed to the development of Hawaiian Red Veal.

 

READ the full article here. 

 

For more information about CTAHR's research, visit CTAHR Research News Magazine and website.

Organic Update

Organic Symposium at UH Manoa

HFBF Organic Symposium

The Hawaii Farm Bureau Federation's (HFBF) Organic Committee organized an Organic Symposium on May 27, 2011, in Mānoa. Three different panels shared information with the 75 people in attendance and answered questions from the audience. The last task accomplished was a brainstorming session to identify issues that need to be addressed in the future for organic agriculture to thrive in Hawaiʻi. This article summarizes the events that occurred at the symposium.

 

READ the full article here.

Publications & Programs
for sustainable and organic production systems
Most Unwanted Pests in the US

New from CTAHR  

http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/

Other Great Resources

 

Oahu Agritourism Guidebook from O'ahu RC&D 

This introduction guides those interested in agritourism on O'ahu through the process. Topics include permitting requirements, how to identify and market to your target audience, health and safety for visitors, and resources to get started. 

PREORDER Specialty Crops for Pacific Islands Specialty Crops for Pacific Islands

Specialty Crops for Pacific Islands is a reference book for gardeners and small farmers in the Pacific and throughout the tropics who are interested in new economic opportunities from specialty crops. The new resource book will be released July 2011 and covers 27 important specialty crops, value-added processing, enterprise development, accessing unique markets, sustainable local food production, economic and ecological viability, multi-crop agroforestry systems and local systems with export potential. The book is illustrated with over 940 color images and each chapter highlights a different crop.

Workshops | Conferences | Meetings

Volunteer Opportunities (O'ahu)

The Kokua Hawaii Foundation seeks volunteers to serve as Nutrition Docents or School Garden Docents for their 'Aina in Schools program. 

Contact Kelly Perry at volunteer@kokuahawaiifoundation.org for more information.

ʻUlu (Breadfruit) Festival

  • September 24, 2011, 9:00 am to 3:00 pm, Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden, South Kona
  • Sponsored by Hawaii Homegrown Food Network, the Breadfruit Institute, and Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden
  • Festival Press Release 

Workshops on breadfruit propagation, tree care and maintenance, economic opportunities, the Hunger Initiative and other topics will be given by experts Dr. Diane Ragone and Ian Cole of the Breadfruit Institute of the National Tropical Botanical Garden.

SAVE THE DATE: Tropical Pasture and Livestock Management Conference

  • Maui Beach Hotel
  • September 18-24, 2011
  • For more information contact: Dr. Mark Thorne, thornem@hawaii.edu 

Taste of the Hawaiian Range

International Year of Forests: Linking Global, Regional and Local Solutions

FMI / FYI

Lawrence Yamamoto

Pacific Islands Area NRCS Director Retires, New Director Announced

Director Lawrence T. Yamamoto is retiring July 1st after serving 34 years with the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).  A graduate of the University of Hawai'i, he began his career when NRCS used to be the Soil Conservation Service. A strong supporter of locally grown agricultural products and caring for our islands resources, Larry will truly be missed.

 

Following the retirement of Lawrence T. Yamamoto, the NRCS Chief announced that Angel Figueroa is the newly selected incoming Director of the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service for the Pacific Islands Area. Mr. Figueroa will take the reins as Director in late July. 

 

READ the full article here. 

 

Seed Production Workshops 

The Kohala Center has received funding to hold beginner and intermediate seed-saving workshops over the next two years on five islands. They are looking for seed-savers, farmers, and gardeners across the state to assist with meeting logistics and with hands-on or farm demonstrations. To learn more, contact Hector Valenzuela (hector@hawaii.edu) or Nancy Redfeather (nredfeather@kohalacenter.org).

Bringing in a new plant to Hawai'i?

New landscaping materials, cover crops, and ground covers can become invasive in Hawai'i. The Weed Risk Assessment for Hawaii and Pacific Islands Website is a tool to help gauge the potential invasiveness of a plant for our local environment.

Funding Opportunities

Organic Farming Research Foundation (OFRF)

Since 1992, OFRF's grantmaking program has awarded more than $1.5 million for over 200 projects. OFRF's grantmaking objective is to generate practical, science-based knowledge to support modern organic farming systems. OFRF-funded projects emphasize grower-researcher collaboration, studies conducted on-farm and/or in certified organic settings, and outreach of project results. 

Western Region Sustainable Agriculture and Education Program (WSARE)
WSARE logo

Congratulations WSARE grant award winners for 2011

  • "Control of Coffee Berry Borer and Increase of Coffee Yields using Surround WP (kaolin)," Principal Investigator: Shawn Steiman; Producer Cooperator: Bob Nelson; $47,648.
  • "Training Livestock to Eat Weeds in the Tropical Pacific and Evaluating the Effects on Meat Quality for Stronger Ranch Profits," Principal Investigator: Matthew Stevenson, University of Hawaii; Producer Cooperator: Randall Cremer; $49,610.
  • "Master Farmer Workshop Series," Principal Investigator: Diana King, O'ahu RC&D; Producer Cooperator: Fred Lau; $49,812.
  • "Developing Sustainable Pest Control Practices Against Major Pests in Papaya in Hawaii," Principal Investigator: Leyla Kaufman, University of Hawaii; Cooperators: Melvin Matsuda, Kenneth Kamiya, Ross Sibucao, Orlando Manuel, Mark Wright, Koon-Hui Wang, Jari Sugano; $148,174.
  • "Reducing Pacific Island Growers' Reliance on Off-Island Fertilizer Sources through Improved Awareness and Efficient Use of Local Inputs," Principal Investigator: Theodore Radovich, University of Hawaii; Cooperators: Nguyen Hue, Jari Sugano, Mark Hamamoto, Al Santoro, Tova Callender, Stanley Gurr, Fred Takebayashi, Alton Arakaki, Mark Cummings, Hector Valenzuela, Linda Cox, Leland Nishek, Kimo Franklin; $284,070.
  • "Hawai'i Community-Based Food Security," Principal Investigator: Craig Elevitch, Hawai'i Homegrown Food Network; $58,520.
  • Western SARE Funded Projects 2011   

New WSARE Website

Grant information, profiles of cutting-edge, on-farm research, state and protectorate activities, conference proceedings, videos, books, and much more - it's all available with a click of your mouse at the Western Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program's (SARE) new website: http://westernsare.org.

 

Learn more about WSARE's activities in their quarterly newsletter Simply Sustainable.

 

Since 1988, the WSARE program has been supporting agricultural profitability, environmental integrity and community strength through grants that enable cutting-edge research and education to open windows on sustainability across the West, including Hawaii. The goals of WSARE are:
  • Promote good stewardship of our natural resources.
  • Enhance the quality of life of farmers and ranchers and ensure the viability of rural communities.
  • Protect the health and safety of those involved in food and farm systems.
  • Promote crop, livestock and enterprise diversification.
  • Examine the regional, economic, social and environmental implications of adopting sustainable agriculture practices and systems.
For more information, please see: https://wsare.usu.edu/
or contact Hawaii WSARE coordinator Dr. Ted Radovich at theodore@hawaii.edu. 
This e-publication has been prepared by CTAHR research scientists and extension staff to deliver science-based information about sustainable and organic production systems to serve Hawaii's farming community.
  • To continue receiving this newsletter, please confirm your interest by updating your profile/email address (see link below). 
  • If this publication has been valuable, please forward it to others.
  • Send in your suggestions for what you want to read about in our articles.
  • Tell us about your research needs. 
Mahalo nui loa,
Dr. Ted Radovich and Dr. Linda J. Cox
Sustainable and Organic Agriculture Program
Cooperative Extension Service
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

On-line version of newsletter available at
http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/sustainag/news/ 
In This Issue
Growing Your Business From the Field
Sustainable & Organic Research News
Organic Update
Publications & Programs
Workshops | Conferences | Meetings
FMI / FYI
Funding Opportunities
WSARE
FEATURED FARMER
HOT TIP: Kaleikoa Farms
Kaleikoa Farms
Featured Farmer:

Rick Tamanaha

Kaleikoa Farms, Ho'olehua, Moloka'i

Area under production: 

Currently 16 acres - soon to be 23 acres (100% certified organic), Dept. of Hawaiian Homes homestead agricultural lot

 
Crops: 

We selected and concentrated on growing strawberry sunrise papaya - a type developed specifically by Cooperative Extension Service (CES) agent Alton Arakaki for Ho'olehua soil and weather.  

 

At the end of 2009, we encountered a problem with axis deer. We tried everything ... and eventually we managed to plant a successful acre in October 2010 surrounded with a 3,000 volt electric fence. The fence is 5 feet tall and the deer are already starting to realize that they can easily jump it.  

 

We are in the process of installing an 8 foot hog wire fence around our 23 acres and hope to have it completed by mid August this year.

 

As soon as the fence is completed, we will be planting butternut squash and varieties of mini eggplant. We plan on experimenting with cantaloupe and mini-watermelon.

 
Fertility management practices:

In this area, we rely exclusively on CES for our education. We use bone-fish meal (from Island Commodities), dolomite, crushed coral, gypsum.

 

Pest Management: We have experimented with tropical sunn hemp in the past and plan on utilizing more sunn hemp on resting fields to help with nematodes as well as to try and fix nitrogen into the soil.

 

READ the full article here.


Mahalo nui loa to Rick Tamanaha for this interview.

Tamanaha Ohana
HOT TIP
from
Kaleikoa Farms

Don't ever do it for the money. Do what you are passionate about. It is your passion that will allow you to overcome the mistakes that you will undoubtedly make and barriers and obstacles that await. If you do what you are passionate about, the money will follow!

 

Oh, also for young adults on Molokai: If you want to farm and are going to a community college for a 2 year degree - get an accounting or business degree. We have the resources right here on the island to teach you all you need to know about agriculture.


Quick Links
CTAHR

WSARE

USDA NRCS Pacific Island Area

NOP Organic Insider