Providing science-based information to serve Hawaii's Farming Community
The Food Provider
September | October | November  2016   
Sustainable and Organic Program Logo
This issue we feature an inspiring young farmer from the big island, Kyle Studer, who is growing his own way. We also have great articles by CTAHR faculty and partners on topics ranging from native Hawaiian sugarcane, mulch and conservation programs, and great updates from the CRATE program.

The deadline for submitting organic certification fee reimbursement to the Department of Agriculture is Sept 30th; get your applications in now! More details can be found in the Organic Updates section. Grants available to farmers are still open at the WSARE website, see below for details on proposal due dates - they are coming up fast. Lots of other great information in this issue, so check it out!
We hope you find thi s issue  of HānaiʻAi useful, and welcome your input.
Sustainable & Organic Research &
Outreach News
News from Hawaii's researchers & extension professionals
Kō (Sugarcane) as a Traditional Hawaiian Crop 
Noa Kekuewa Lincoln, 
University of Hawai'i Manoa, CTAHR

When we think about native crops, k ō, or sugarcane, rarely comes to mind. However, research shows that sugarcane was once an integral part of many different cropping systems across the islands. Dr. Lincoln of UH CTAHR has created an identification guide for the myriad of native kō varieties, which will soon be accessible to the public in an online format. Read here

FMI: Noa Kekuewa Lincoln, email: 

The Wild World of Sugarcane Genetics
Michael Kantar,
ty of Hawai'i Manoa, CTAHR

Commercial sugarcane is an interspecific cross: th result of two different parent species. Hawaiian sugarcane varieties, however, are a single, pure species (Saccharum officinarum). An ongoing project seeks 
to trace the genetic fingerprint of k ō  as a means to track the number of times cane was introduced to Hawaii, find relationships to the varieties present in world collections, and assist in the conservation of traditional varieties. Read here.

FMI: Michael Kantar, email:
Mulches for Pest Control and Soil Health
Marisol Quintanilla-Tornel,
University of Hawaii Manoa, CTAHR
Whether comprised of synthetic or organic material, mulches can play a surprisingly beneficial role in pest control and soil health. This article outlines the benefits of a few different types of mulches and when to use each to attain sustainable pest control. Read here.
FMI: Marisol Quintanilla-Tornel, email: 

White Stem Negi Onion
Jensen Uyeda, 
University of Hawai'i Manoa, CTAHR

This article gives a few updates on the Negi onion trials ongoing at Poamoho research station on O'ahu. In Hawai'i, green onions are typically grown for their green leaves, while in Japan they are grown for their white stems and known as Negi onions. This trial seeks to evaluate 20 different varieties for potential Negi onion production here in Hawai'i. Read here.

FMI: Jensen Uyeda,  email:

Candidate Conservation Program (CCP)
Carrie Harrington,
Candidate Conservation Coordinator, U.S. Fish and Wildlife

The CCP is a tool designed to help rare and/or declining native Hawaiian species before they can become listed as threatened or endangered. Similar to SHA or MOU, the agreements provided by this program grant landowners benefits and a degree of predictability regarding how their land can be managed utilizing proactive conservation strategies.   Read here .

FMI: Carrie Harrington, email:
Publications & Programs
for sustainable and organic production systems
New from CTAHR
CRATE: Center for Rural Agricultural Training and Entrepreneurship
In this column, the  CRATE team generated two YouTube videos featuring the use of insectary settings to attract natural enemies of arthropod pests to various agroecosystems.

Insectary Settings for Arthropod Pest Management I
Koon-Hui Wang and Shelby Ching
University of Hawaii at Manoa, CTAHR

Besides attracting pollinators to the system, insectary plants provide pollen or nectar to attract predators and parasitoids of various pests. Other insectary settings include night light traps and wasp nesting blocks. The first video highlights the use of insectary settings to manage taro and onion pests. View video here. 

Insectary Settings for Arthropod Pest Management II
Shelby Ching, Jensen Uyeda, and Koon-Hui Wang
University of Hawaii at Manoa, CTAHR

The second video highlights the use of insectary settings to manage arthropod pests on eggplant and brassica crops through proper cropping designs. Commercial cover crops as well as native plants can provide services as insectary plants through ecological understanding of agroecosystems.  View video here.
FMI: Koon-Hui Wang, em ail:
Organic Update
USDA Organic Certification Cost-Share Programs
     The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) has renewed a cooperative agreement with the Agricultural Marketing Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to reimburse a portion of the cost of organic certification.   
    The agreement is in effect between October 1, 2015 and September 30, 2 016. Reimbursement of 75% of an individual's certifica tion costs, up to a maximum of $750 per certification scope. Such certification co sts must be paid during the period stated above . Hawaii has a reimbursement budget of $31,900 for organic growers/producers, and $81,000 for organic value- added processors/handlers.
    Deadline for receipt of all applications and documents is Friday, October 14, 2016. Applications received after the deadline will not be reviewed.
  • For the 2016 application form and instructions, Click here.
  • To downdload a W-9 Form (IRS Taxpayer ID form) Click here
Organic Seed Production Webinars
A continuing series on organic seed production, offered by Organic Seed Alliance (OSA) and the Multinational Exchange for Sustainable Agriculture (MESA), covers a range of topics, from planting to harvest to the economics of seed production. 
Three seminars already given are archived here:

The schedule for the remaining seminars are listed below. All webinars take place at 2PM EST (8AM HST). You are welcome to attend even if you missed the first two presentations. 

Upcoming Seminars:
  • Sept 20th: Seed Quality, Harvesting Techniques, and Equipment
  • Oct 18th: Cleaning and Record-keeping, Case Study  
  • Nov 15th: Seed Contracting, Economics, and Policy
NOP Handbook Update: Revised Instruction on Organic Certification of Industrial Hemp
The National Organic Program (NOP) has published an update to an NOP Handbook Instruction document.
This instruction applies to all NOP-accredited certifying agents, and replaces the version of NOP 2040 issued in February 2016. The document clarifies U.S. Department of Agriculture policy regarding the organic certification of industrial hemp production by USDA-accredited certifying agents.
View all NOP guidance, instructions, and policies in the NOP Handbook.   

Subscribe to Hawaiʻi Farm and Food here:
Hawaii Farm and Food
The intent of these columns is to improve understanding in those unfamiliar with organic production and to provide a resource to growers interested in or currently producing organically.
Let us know what you want to see featured by emailing 
Farm Training Opportunities (Workshop) 
September 24Key Project47-200 Waihee Rd, Kaneohe,HI
A workshop featuring guest speakers focusing on training opportunities and grant opportunities for farmers on O'ahu. Click here for more information and to register.  
2016 HFUU Annual Convention 
October 14-16, 
The 2016 HFUU Annual Convention is Oct. 14-16 just outside of Hilo on Hawai'i Island. Our host is the beautiful OK Farms located alongside the historic Wailuku river in Hilo, long blessed with sufficient rainfall and used for agriculture for over 100 years. OK Farms specializes in high-quality tree crops such as coffee, macadamia nuts, cacao, hearts of palm, and a wide variety of citrus, tropical fruits and spices.

Art and Culture of Seed Saving
October 17,  Mahele Farm, Hana, Maui
For more information see flyer here. 
11th Annual East Side Seed Exchange  October 22,  Pāhoa, Hawai'i Island
Bring your favorite dishes focusing on fresh and locally  grown produce for the Potluck - bring seeds and FIRE ANT-FREE plant cuttings and bare roots (PLEASE Check for Fire Ants!) - dance with Kunzwanana marimba band! Co-sponsored by The Kohala Center's Hawai'i Public Seed Initiative. Click here for more information.

Lyon Arboretum
Western Region Sustainable Agriculture and Research Education Program (WSARE)

Grant Deadlines
Please click on the title of the grant to learn more about their requirements. 
2016 Funded Grants Announced
37 projects have been approved for funding, totaling nearly $2.9 million. Some of the major topics being investigated include: effective water, weed, and nutrient management; season extension; cover crops and soil health; rangeland and riparian habitat management; and food safety. To see a full description of each grant, click here.

2017 Funded Graduate Student Projects
Eight graduate students in five western states have received WSARE funding for their research. To view a summary for each project, please click here.
WSARE logo
Since 1988, the WSARE program has been supporting agricultural profitability, environmental integrity and community strength through grants that enable cutting-edge research and education to open windows on sustainability across the West, including Hawai'i. The goals of WSARE are:
  • Promote good stewardship of our natural resources.
  • Enhance the quality of life of farmers and ranchers and ensure the viability of rural communities.
  • Protect the health and safety of those involved in food and farm systems.
  • Promote crop, livestock and enterprise diversification.
  • Examine the regional, economic, social and environmental implications of adopting sustainable agriculture practices and systems.
For more information, please see: or contact Hawai'i WSARE co-coordinators Dr. Ted Radovich ( )
and Jari Sugano ( 
This e-publication has been prepared by CTAHR research scientists and extension staff to deliver science-based information about sustainable and organic production systems to serve Hawaii's farming community.
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  • Tell us about your research needs. 

Mahalo nui loa,
Sarah Moore technician and editor
Sustainable and Organic Agriculture Program
Cooperative Extension Service
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
University of Hawaii at Manoa

On-line version of newsletter available at
In This Issue
Research & Outreach News
Organic Update

Featured Farmer:
  Kyle Studer,
Pa'auilo Forest Farm, 
Honoka'a, Hawai'i

Area under production: 13 acres in veggies, 4 in fruit
Years farming in Hawai'i: 9 total, 6 full-time
Crops grown:  head cabbage, pak choi, beets, green onions, carrots, kale, radish, turnips, and another dozen mixed veggies 
Fertility Management:
Certified organic, lots of compost, cover crops, some gliricidia alley cropping, and tankage or 4-1-1 fish emultion.
Mahalo nui loa to
Kyle Studer for this interview and photos.  
Pa'auilo Forest Farm

-- Know your cost of      production!                Otherwise you            might over- or            under-charge.
-- Be persistent and      work hard. Be at        the farm and stay      late when you need    to.


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