Open-ended vs. Closed-ended Questions
When teaching adults, youth, and older children, try to ask “open-ended” questions—questions that may not have a single answer. Stay away from “closed-ended” questions—questions that can be answered with a simple, regurgitated answer or a “yes” or “no.”
For example, instead of asking, "How many loaves of bread and how many fish did Jesus have when he fed the 5000?" (a closed question), ask, "Jesus had only 5 loaves of bread and 2 fish when he fed the 5000. For what reasons might God have told us the exact amount of food he had at the beginning?" (an open question).
Be patient when waiting for answers. Give your learners time to think before they answer the question. Count to five or ten slowly to yourself. If you answer your own question, then learners will always learn to let you do so!