Expanding the skin care protocol to all neonates in the NICU and nursery could aid in maintaining skin integrity and decreasing diaper dermatitis in the NICU. More research is needed following this study for the data to be generalizable to other NICUs. This study offers key takeaways including using a specific diaper dermatitis assessment tool and consistently using the bundle of interventions.
Examining national and state variation in NAS and maternal opioid-related diagnoses (MOD) rates in 2017 and to describe national and state changes since 2010 in the US, which included expanded MOD codes (opioid use disorder plus long-term and unspecified use) implemented in International Classification of Disease, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification.
10 trials (581 infants) with NAS secondary to maternal opioid use in pregnancy with multiple comparisons of different sedatives and regimens.
An interdisciplinary team developed and implemented an educational module about the elements and principles of trauma-informed care (TIC) and standardized education on NAS for mothers with substance use disorder (SUD). The team collaborated with community behavioral health professionals to secure the services of a certified recovery specialist. Primary outcome measures of average length of stay (LOS) and admissions to special care nursery (SCN) for NAS infants were analyzed.Results: Following health care team education on TIC and implementation of the standardized NAS brochure, average LOS decreased significantly from 6.5 to 5.1 days from baseline period (January-December 2019) to the implementation period (February-June 2020; p = 0.03). There was no difference in SCN admission from the baseline period (February-June 2019) to the implementation period (February-June 2020). Referrals to certified recovery specialists did not change.Clinical Implications: Education on the impact of trauma on new mothers with SUD can promote collaboration between them and the neonatal team. Standardizing education for new mothers of infants with NAS can help to engage families of infants with NAS and improve clinical outcomes.
Synthesizing current feeding methods and practices used for infants diagnosed with NAS. Three findings emerged regarding techniques and management of poor feeding in the NAS population. The findings included infants who received mother's own milk had decreased severity and later onset of clinical signs of withdrawal, demand feeding is recommended, and the infant's cues may be helpful to follow when feeding.
Study demonstrating how a comprehensive initiative can improve care for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome in an open-bay or a high-acuity neonatal intensive care unit when rooming-in is not available or other comorbidities are present.
Opioid use among reproductive-age women has greatly increased, resulting in high rates of opioid-exposed pregnancies, which are associated with negative outcomes, such as neonatal abstinence syndrome. Prevention of unintended pregnancy among opioid users is a critical pathway to reducing opioid-exposed pregnancies; however, little is known about pregnancy intention in this group. This article estimates the prevalence of unintended pregnancy among opioid-using women, thereby supporting efforts to develop interventions to reduce unintended pregnancy