Poisonous Snake Highlight
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
There are four kinds of venomous snakes in Texas: coral snakes, copperheads, cottonmouths (water moccasins) and rattlesnakes. In this newsletter, we will focus on the infamous Western Diamondback Rattlesnake.
In Texas, there are 10 species of rattlesnakes. The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake easily rates as one of the most dangerous snakes in the U.S. This species causes more fatalities than any other snake in the United States. It's venom is considered to be Hemotoxic, which means it affects the blood and damages the tissue.
- Heavy-bodied snake
- Triangular-shaped head
- Two dark diagonal lines on each side of its face running from the eyes to its jaws
- Dark diamond-shaped patterns along its back
- The tail has black and white bands just above the rattles
- Adults vary between 32-74 inches (81-188 cm) on average
- Intense pain
- Edema & swelling
- Bleeding disorders
- Numbness & weakness
- Increase heart rate, vomiting & confusion
- Call the Poison Center at 1-800-222-1222 for instructions on all snakebites.
- All snakebites should be examined and treated by a physician
- If bitten, note time of the bite, remove jewelry or other items that might constrict swelling, and remain calm.
- Do not try to capture the snake.
- Do not cut the wound and try to extract the venom.
- Do not use ice or a tourniquet.
- Do not take pain relievers or other medications without first seeking medical advice. Do not drink alcohol.