Monitoring USG action on readiness and response
Preparedness Pulsepoints | Monitoring USG action on readiness and response
Published by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security
Diane Meyer, RN, MPH, Editor
September 4, 2018
Public Health & Healthcare Preparedness
Cholera Outbreak in Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya - November 2015-June 2016. During November 18, 2015-June 6, 2016, the largest cholera outbreak (1,797 cases; attack rate 5.1 per 1,000) in the history of Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya occurred.  (CDC, 8/31/18)
National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program: Adding the Category of Vaccines Recommended for Pregnant Women to the Vaccine Injury Table. As required by statute, the Secretary proposes to amend the Vaccine Injury Table (Table) by regulation to include vaccines recommended by the CDC for routine administration in pregnant women.  (HHS, 8/30/18)
Ending Use of Oral Poliovirus Vaccine - A Difficult Move in the Polio Endgame. OPV withdrawal is only one of the elements of the polio endgame, which also includes the goals and challenges of laboratory and vaccine-manufacturing containment of poliovirus and sustaining of polio surveillance in order to detect and identify poliovirus infections.  (NEJM, 8/30/18)
Bacterial Factors That Predict Relapse after Tuberculosis Therapy. The authors postulated that by analyzing pretreatment isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis obtained from patients who subsequently had a relapse or were cured, they could determine any correlations between the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of a drug below the standard resistance breakpoint and the relapse risk after treatment.  (NEJM, 8/30/18)
Working with Namibia to End AIDS. Preliminary results show that Namibia is incredibly close to meeting targets set for HIV epidemic control. But much work remains in Namibia - and in many other partner countries - before we can declare an AIDS free generation.  (Department of State, 8/29/18)
USDA Announces Atypical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Detection. The US Department of Agriculture is announcing an atypical case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, a neurologic disease of cattle, in a six year old mixed-breed beef cow in Florida.  (APHIS, 8/29/18)
New CDC Analysis Shows Steep and Sustained Increases in STDs in Recent Years. Nearly 2.3 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were diagnosed in the United States in 2017, a number that surpassed the previous record set in 2016 by more than 200,000 cases and marked the fourth consecutive year of sharp increases in these sexually transmitted diseases.  (CDC, 8/28/18)
Trump Backs off Plan to Roll Back Foreign Aid Funding: Officials. President Donald Trump's administration backed off on Tuesday on plans to bypass Congress and roll back billions of dollars from the US foreign aid budget after lawmakers pushed back, senators, congressional aides and US officials said.  (Reuters, 8/28/18)
BARDA and its Partners Bring New Ammunition to the Battle Against Superbugs. The nation faces health security threats from bacteria that could be weaponized, such as anthrax, and much like hospital and community acquired bacteria, these bioweapons can become resistant to antibiotics either naturally or through bioengineering.  (PHE, 8/27/18)
Homeland Security & Disaster Preparedness
Message from Secretary Kirstjen M. Nielsen on National Preparedness Month. "Disasters Happen. Prepare Now. Learn How." That is the theme this September for National Preparedness Month, an opportunity for us to remind our families, friends, and communities to get ready for disasters and emergencies before they strike.  (DHS, 8/30/18)
Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 National Incident Management System (NIMS). This Cooperative Agreement advances the Nation's preparedness and implementation of the NIMS through the development and deployment of consistent systems for the request, dispatch, use, and return of resources needed to support local capabilities, and change outcomes for survivors.  (, 8/30/18)
Future Impacts of El Niño, La Niña Likely to Intensify, Increasing Wildfire, Drought Risk. When an El Niño or its opposite, La Niña, forms in the future, it's likely to cause more intense impacts over many land regions -- amplifying changes to temperature, precipitation and wildfire risk.  (NSF, 8/28/18)
NSF Invests in Research to Help Disrupt Operations of Illicit Supply Networks. Networks that illegally traffic in everything from people and opioids to human organs and nuclear material pose threats to US health, prosperity and security. Nine new awards from the National Science Foundation will advance the scientific understanding of how such illicit supply networks function -- and how to dismantle them.   (NSF, 8/28/18)
POD Essentials Train-the-Trainer - September 2018. This hands-on course walks trainers through the process of preparing and presenting the customizable POD Essentials course that can incorporate jurisdiction-specific plans, policies and procedures.  (NACCHO, 8/18)
Science & Technology Policy
FDA's Comprehensive Effort to Advance New Innovations: Initiatives to Modernize for Innovation. We've had to modernize our overall approach to regulation to effectively advance the kinds of innovations that are becoming available. This includes modernizing how we organize our medical product review programs. These initiatives are part of our comprehensive Medical Innovation Access Plan.  (FDA, 8/29/18)
This Week's Hearings
Opportunities to Improve Healthcare. Energy and Commerce Committee, Subcommittee on Health. 9/5/18,10 AM. Rayburn House Office Building, 2123. More


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