Monitoring USG action on readiness and response
Preparedness Pulsepoints | Monitoring USG action on readiness and response
Published by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security
Edited by Diane Meyer, RN, MPH; Divya Hosangadi, MPH & Amanda Kobokovich, MPH 
November 27, 2018
Public Health & Healthcare Preparedness
PRESS RELEASE 
Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD and Jeff Shuren, MD, Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, on Transformative New Steps to Modernize FDA's 510(k) Program to Advance the Review of the Safety and Effectiveness of Medical Devices. Forty-two years ago, Congress passed the law establishing the framework for evaluating the safety and effectiveness of medical devices. Today, we're announcing changes to modernize the FDA's 510(k) clearance pathway, which accounts for the majority of devices that the FDA reviews. (FDA, 11/26/18)
PRESS RELEASE 
CDC Director's Statement: E. coli. CDC continues to investigate a multistate outbreak of E. coli O157 infections linked to romaine lettuce. We understand this outbreak is of concern to many Americans - especially with so many gathering for meals this Thanksgiving week. (CDC, 11/23/18)
PRESS RELEASE 
FDA is Advancing New Efforts to Address Drug Shortages. A key component of our public health mission is to help ensure Americans have access to safe and effective medicines. That's why, as drug shortages arise, we take immediate action within our authorities, working across the FDA and with other government agencies, industry, and other stakeholders, to minimize the impact of these shortages and maintain or restore availability of critical medicines for the patients who need them. (FDA, 11/19/2018)
PRESS RELEASE 
USDA Launches New Biosecurity Campaign Asking All Poultry Owners, Workers and Hobbyists to Protect the Health of Live Poultry. The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is launching a new outreach campaign focused on preventing the spread of infectious poultry diseases in both commercial and backyard poultry. Considering the devastating impact of the highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in 2014-2015, as well as this year's outbreak of virulent Newcastle disease, the timing is right for everyone in the poultry community to work together to protect the health of our nation's flocks. (USDA, 11/16/18)
RESEARCH
Increase in Acute Flaccid Myelitis - United States, 2018. In August 2018, CDC noted an increased number of reports of patients having symptoms clinically compatible with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), a rare condition characterized by rapid onset of flaccid weakness in one or more limbs and spinal cord gray matter lesions, compared with August 2017. Since 2014, CDC has conducted surveillance for AFM using a standardized case definition (1,2). An Epi-X* notice was issued on August 23, 2018, to increase clinician awareness and provide guidance for case reporting.   (MMWR, 11/16/18)
RESEARCH
Updated Framework for Development of Evidence-Based Recommendations by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Since the original adoption of the GRADE evidence-based recommendation process by ACIP, the use of Evidence to Decision or Evidence to Recommendation (EtR) frameworks have been incorporated into GRADE methodology. ACIP adopted the use of an EtR framework at its February 2018 meeting.  (MMWR, 11/16/18)
RESEARCH
Global Routine Vaccination Coverage - 2017. Global coverage with the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine (DTP3), third dose of polio vaccine, and first dose of measles-containing vaccine has remained at 84%-85% since 2010. In 2017, 62% of children who did not receive DTP3 lived in 10 countries; positive trends in vaccination coverage (2007-2017) were observed in seven of these countries.  (MMWR, 11/16/18)
NEWS
Whooping Cough: Tulane Awarded $8.5M to Develop Next-Generation Pertussis Vaccine. Tulane University researchers are developing a vaccine formulation that may provide longer lasting immunity in fewer doses against pertussis, more commonly known as "whooping cough." The National Institutes of Health has awarded Tulane University School of Medicine a contract for up to $8.5 million over five years to support this effort.  (Global Biodefense News, 11/15/18)
Homeland Security & Disaster Preparedness
PRESS RELEASE 
HHS Activates Aid for Uninsured Californians in Need of Medications Lost in Wildfires. Uninsured citizens in California's Butte, Los Angeles and Ventura counties are eligible for no-cost replacements of critical medications lost or damaged by the current wildfires in those counties. This relief comes from the Emergency Prescription Assistance Program (EPAP), managed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) . (HHS, 11/21/18)
PRESS RELEASE 
DARPA Announces 2019 AI Colloquium.
First announced in September, the DARPA AI Next campaign is a multi-year, upwards of $2 billion investment in new and existing programs to create the third wave of AI technologies. To increase awareness of DARPA's expansive AI R&D efforts, the agency is hosting an Artificial Intelligence Colloquium (AIC) from March 6-7, 2019 in Alexandria, Virginia. (DARPA, 11/16/18)
NEWS
Congress passes bill to create new Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. The US House of Representatives advanced legislation this week to create the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The bill, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act (H.R. 3359), would reorganize DHS' National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) into a new agency and prioritize its mission as the federal leader for cyber and physical infrastructure security.  (Homeland Preparedness News, 11/15/18)
Radiological & Nuclear Disaster Preparedness
RESEARCH
US Strategic Nuclear Forces: Background, Developments, and Issues. This review advised the force structure that the United States will deploy under the New START Treaty. The Trump Administration completed its review of US nuclear forces in February 2018, and reaffirmed the basic contours of the current US force structure and the ongoing modernization programs. Congress will review the Administration's plans for US strategic nuclear forces during the annual authorization and appropriations process, and as it assesses the costs of these plans in the current fiscal environment. This report will be updated as needed.  (FAS, 11/21/18)
Science & Technology Policy
NEWS
Science restored: Eddie Bernice Johnson prepares to chair key panel in US House of Representatives. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) is relishing the chance to "restore the credibility" of the science committee in the US House of Representatives. She says ending the committee's ideologically driven fights over climate change, management of the National Science Foundation (NSF), and other research topics is high on her agenda.  (Science, 11/13/18)
This Week's Hearings
Findings and Recommendations of the Commission on the National Defense Strategy. Senate Committee on Armed Forces. 11/27/2018, 9:30 am. Dirksen Office Senate Building, Room G50. More
Reducing Health Care Costs: Improving Affordability Through Innovation. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pensions. 11/28/2018, 9:30 am. Dirksen Senate Building, Room 430. More
 

 

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