By Carina Olivetti
Have you heard of the term rewilding? Rewilding in urban environments has grown in popularity for many reasons. Rewilding turf grass lawns or parts of your landscape with native plant/tree species; improves soil heath, provides habitat for insects and birds, conserves water, eliminates chemical use, and increases human/nature connectivity.
Rewilding was first coined in 1990 by conservationist biologists Michael Soule and Reed Noss. Since then, the term rewilding has come to include environments of different scale and levels of meaning. Urban rewilding tends to focus on converting lawns to native plants, insect biodiversity, and food foresting. The most comprehensive definition of rewilding was written by 33 coauthors from around the world (including Soule and Noss). Guiding principles for rewilding in Society of Conservation Biology clarifies the principles that constitute rewilding and illustrates its varied applications. This paper emphasizes the importance of understanding your rewilding project and site-specific limits in order to be most effective.