The National Science Foundation’s Ethical and Responsible Research program funds research projects that identify factors that are effective in the formation of ethical STEM researchers and approaches to developing those factors in all STEM fields that NSF supports. 

The Department of Defense, DARPA’s Reefense Program seeks to develop self-healing, hybrid biological, and engineered reef-mimicking structures to mitigate the coastal flooding, erosion, and storm damage that increasingly threaten civilian and DoD infrastructure and personnel.