Resilience Roundup
                                                September 15 , 2015

Local and State News Clips 
  • September 11, 2015 - Flash Flooding In New London Results In Minimal Damage, Hartford Courant
  • September 11, 2015 - Historic heat prompts rare response from Greater New Haven schools, New Haven Register
  • September 10, 2015 - Coastal nuisance flooding forecast for coming months; New London included in study, The Day, New London
  • September 9, 2015 - Replanting project focuses on repairing Sandy-damaged coast, The Day, New London
  • September 9, 2015 - Dozens of Connecticut schools let students out early amid scorching heat, New Haven Register
  • September 6, 2015 - Experts Say Wasteful Fishing Regulations Not Keeping Pace With Climate Change, Hartford Courant
  • September 5, 2015 - Clean Energy Strategy Must Map Way To Climate Goal, Hartford Courant
  • September 4, 2015 - Loan program seeks to life coastal property's above floodwaters, The Day, New London
  • August 30, 2015 - Local businesses told to get ready for next big storm, Norwich Bulletin
  • August 15, 2015 - Officials now ready to let Naugatuck River flow, Litchfield County Times
National News Clips
  • September 11, 2015 - With a master plan and the money, can a state unite to restore its protective wetlands?, ClimateWire
  • September 10, 2015 - New Orleans sees limits to adaptation efforts as sea level rises, ClimateWire
  • September 9, 2015 - It's After Labor Day, So Why Is It Still So Hot?, Climate Central
  • September 8, 2015 - New York City, a climate change leader, challenges enlarged flood maps, ClimateWire
  • September 4, 2015 - The Homespun Tech That's Helping To Shore Up Louisiana's Disappearing Coastline, Fast Company
  • August 31, 2015 - Small Alaskan island Kivalina expected to be covered by water within 10 years,
  • September 17, 2015 - Municipal Forum sponsored by Institute for Sustainable Energy. Climate Change and Sustainability: Practical Solutions For Your Municipality
  • September 21, 2015 - CIRCA Webinar for Municipal Resilience Grant program (Register here)
  • October 15, 2015 - CIRCA Municipal Resilience Grant program applications due. Up to $100K
  • October 21, 2015 - Save the Date! Connecticut Association of Flood Managers 2nd Annual Conference
  • November 19, 2015 - Rockfall Foundation Environmental Grants Applications Due
  • December 1- 2, 2015 - Registration Now Open! Living Shorelines: 1st National Technology Transfer Meeting and Regional Workshops, Hartford, CT. Sponsored by CIRCA and Restore America's Estuaries
Local and State New Clips

Reports of flooding cropped up across New London County Thursday as heavy rain and thunderstorms moved through the area, but a city official said Friday that the flooding had mostly receded by early Thursday evening and not caused much lasting damage.
"The actual flooding was drained out by about 6 o'clock last night," said Brian Sear, New London's director of public works. ""What the problem was was the volume in such a short period of time."
Courtney Bitters, a bartender/server at Gaspar's Restaurant on Bank Street holds the door open so sous chef Sean Mirsky can sweep water out of the dining room after floodwaters from a heavy thunderstorm moved through New London Thursday.
Residents walk through floodwaters after a heavy thunderstorm caused flash flooding on Bank Street in New London Thursday.
Sear said the storm dropped as much as two inches of rain per hour on the area, which led to flash flooding that affected about six intersections throughout town.
By Friday, the only damage left from the storm were a couple of sinkholes that had cropped up as a result of the flooding, Sear said.
New London received 1.34 inches of rain around 3 p.m. to 4 p.m. Thursday, according to Gary Lessor, meteorologist with the Western Connecticut State University Weather Center.
By 6 p.m., the city had received 2.52 inches of rain. Lessor said Thursday that the city could get a total of 3 inches by Friday morning.

NEW HAVEN >> As scorching heat taxed air conditioners and challenged seasonal records this past week, it also prompted several Greater New Haven school districts to send children home early - a rare move during warm weather that school officials said was made to protect students.
Highs in the upper 80s and low 90s on Tuesday and Wednesday resulted in at least one day of early dismissals at schools in more than 40 districts statewide, including Madison, North Haven, West Haven, East Hampton, Litchfield, Plymouth, Regions 10 and 14, Thomaston and Torrington.
Technical and private schools that dismissed students early were Emmett O'Brien Technical High School in Ansonia, Notre Dame High School in West Haven, Oliver Wolcott Technical High School in Torrington, Platt Technical High School in Milford, St. Lawrence School in West Haven, St. Vincent de Paul School in East Haven and Common Ground High School in New Haven.
Common Ground doesn't have air conditioning in all of its rooms and students there were sent home at noon Wednesday as temperatures climbed.
Common Ground Executive Director Melissa Spear said she believes that was the best option for students. She said she didn't think it was reasonable to have them trying to focus and get work done when classroom temperatures were nearing 90 degrees.
WTNH Chief Meteorologist Gil Simmons said Greater New Haven occasionally sees September days with temperatures in the upper 80s and low 90s. But before this week, the last three-day stretch with such temperatures was in the 1980s.
NBC Connecticut reported this week that temperatures at Bradley International Airport hit 93 degrees Monday, 96 degrees Tuesday and 92 degrees Wednesday, making for the first September heat wave since 1983.
Simmons said temperatures for this time of year are typically in upper 70s.

Washington - Federal scientists said Wednesday they expect nuisance flooding to increase in many places along the nation's coasts in coming months.
A combination of sea level rise from human caused global warming and the giant El Nino will likely combine to increase the type of minor street flooding that causes much inconvenience but no major damage, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
In 10 of the 27 coastal communities that NOAA examined, scientists predict the number of nuisance flood days to increase 33 to 125 percent with the current large El Nino. And it's likely to be the worst in the Mid-Atlantic region where nuisance floods could happen about once a week from New Jersey to North Carolina. The nuisance flood season runs mostly from fall to early spring.
NOAA oceanographer William Sweet examined data going back to 1920 in some cases and found the flooding is not only increasing with climate change and rising seas, but "some of these areas you can get it with no rain at all - high-tide flooding."
These "sunny day flooding" events are becoming more common. For example, Wilmington, North Carolina, used to average one day of nuisance flooding a year in 1960 but between May 2014 and April 2015, that city had 71 such flood days, according to NOAA data. Annapolis, Maryland, went from four to 41 flood days and Sandy Hook, New Jersey, jumped from two to 21.
El Nino - a general warming of parts of the Pacific that changes weather worldwide - brings nuisance flooding to a new level. That's because in the Pacific, the ocean is warmer and warm water expands, Sweet said. In the Atlantic, the phenomenon brings more coastal-hugging storms and winds.
"Expect that sea level rise will progress like steps of a kitten, punctured by swipes of a lion," said Donald Boesch, president of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, who wasn't part of the report.
Sweet is forecasting that with El Nino, Norfolk, Virginia, to go from about eight flood days to 18 this fall, winter and spring. Washington is forecast to jump from 33 to 53 nuisance floods days. Sandy Hook should get about 40 such days and Baltimore is likely to jump from two weeks of nuisance flooding to three weeks.
Sweet looked at increased nuisance flooding in Boston; Providence, Rhode Island; New London, Connecticut; Battery Park, Kings Point, and Montauk, New York; Atlantic City and Sandy Hook, New Jersey; Philadelphia; Lewes, Delaware; Baltimore and Annapolis, Maryland; Washington; Norfolk, Virginia; Wilmington, North Carolina; Charleston, South Carolina; Fort Pulaski, Georgia; Fernandina Beach, Key West and Mayport, Florida; Port Isabel and Galveston, Texas; La Jolla, California; San Francisco, Seattle and Honolulu.
The report by Sweet is not published in a peer reviewed journal, but four outside scientists examined it for The Associated Press and praised the work.
NASA oceanographer Bill Patzert, who wasn't part of the research, said the NOAA forecast "shows that the natural hazards don't necessarily have to be catastrophic like (hurricanes) Katrina or Sandy. They can creep up on you today. What is a nuisance today, in a couple decades will be a serious problem for some communities."
NOAA report:
Providence - Vast stretches of the iconic tall grasses that dot the Atlantic coast were destroyed during Superstorm Sandy, removing a vital protective buffer for the region's shoreline.
Now, the New England Wild Flower Society and its partners are planning to collect the seeds of native plants like saltmarsh rush and little bluestem and replant them in areas battered by the deadly 2012 storm.
The $2.3 million project will help make these habitats more resilient to future storms, especially the coastal areas that act as a buffer during storms, the Society said. For inland states, the seeds will be used to help restore river banks in areas that flooded extensively during Sandy.
The two-year project is the first large-scale, coordinated, seed banking effort in the Eastern United States. It is part of the Seeds of Success program, a national initiative the Bureau of Land Management first established in 2001. Wildlife refuges in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island are participating in the New England collection effort.
The Society's partners, North Carolina Botanical Garden and Mid-Atlantic Regional Seed Bank, part of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, will collect and distribute seeds in North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey and New York.
Bill Brumback, conservation director for New England Wild Flower Society, said he and his team are collecting seeds from inland areas of wildlife refuges and replanting them near the coast.
"We know from experience that having natural habitats there, along the coast, as a buffer for storms is very important," Brumback said. "We know restoring these areas is going to provide protection for future storms."
Many common species of native New England plants were damaged when the storm slammed into the East Coast. A shortage of native seeds left the area vulnerable to erosion and invasive plants, the Bureau of Land Management said.
Until recently, restoration projects in the Eastern United States have had to rely on plant material from other parts of the country.
"There's a big push to collect seed from local sources," said Nick Ernst, a wildlife biologist at the John H. Chafee and Sachuest Point national wildlife refuges in Rhode Island. "They're adapted to the local growing conditions, which will increase survival rates."
Some of the seeds will be stored in a seed bank for future restoration projects. About 50 species have been collected since the project began in July, and Brumback and his teammates want to make about 200 trips to collect seeds in the next year.
"Sandy is just one event," Brumback said. "Other events are coming, and we want to be able to restore the coastline." Continued...

MADISON >> Students at dozens of schools across the state-including several in Greater New Haven-will be going home early today as temperatures top 90 degrees.
More than 40 schools have announced early dismissals, including public schools in Madison, Milford and North Haven. Notre Dame High School in West Haven and Emmett O'Brien Technical High School will also be sending students home early.

Climate is back on the agenda. The Environmental Protection Agency issued its Clean Power Plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation by nearly one-third by 2030. Pope Francis' galvanizing encyclical put climate change on the world's moral agenda. And now Islamic scholars from 20 countries are demanding substantive commitments from the Paris climate negotiations opening Nov. 30.
Meanwhile, global temperatures made July the warmest month ever recorded, and 2015 is on track to be the hottest year. How can Connecticut do its part to help protect ourselves and the world from devastating global warming? One way is to reconsider the state's climate protection strategy.
The core of climate protection is to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy and to increase the efficiency with which we use our energy. Despite recently ramping up our rooftop solar and energy efficiency programs, the state's current energy strategy continues to increase our dependence on fossil fuels, especially natural gas.
The people with the money can see the writing on the wall. Solar and batteries are a lethal combination for the future of energy on the grid. Electric cars are going to be coming into the future also with their battery banks ready to support the grid. When we get to the point of a 100 million...
The greatest climate protection plan will be pointless if it is not backed by a broad public determination to implement it. Since working families and low-income urban communities face the greatest potential impacts from climate change, the council should ensure the voices of environmental justice communities and labor are fully represented in climate policy deliberations.
Winning the struggle against climate change will require that all of us hold each other and our institutions accountable for setting and achieving ambitious aims. As Gov. Malloy concluded in his remarks to the new council, "we should not waste the opportunity to lead. ... let's get the job done."
John Humphries is the organizer for the Connecticut Roundtable on Climate and Jobs ( and a member of the Governor's Council on Climate Change. John Harrity is president of the Connecticut State Council of Machinists and is on the steering committee for the Connecticut Roundtable on Climate and Jobs.

STONINGTON - Hundreds of thousands of pounds of valuable fish caught off Connecticut's coast are thrown overboard every year, and 80 percent of them are dead by the time they hit the water, experts say.
Commercial fishermen, environmentalists and state officials say a prime reason for such a stunning waste of a natural resource is an out-of-date federal regulatory system that hasn't kept up with the realities of a changing climate and shifting fish populations.
"It's just a wholly unjustifiable practice," said Peter Auster, a senior research scientist at Mystic Aquarium. "This waste ... is pervasive in the way we're managing fishing."
"The whole construct of the [regulatory] system needs to be questioned," said Curt Johnson, executive director of the Connecticut Fund for the Environment and Save the Sound.
The problem is that federal fishing regulations are designed to protect fish species based on where they used to be most plentiful. Some of those fish populations have now shifted their range north as a result of global warming, but federal fishing quotas haven't changed. As a result, Connecticut fishermen are saddled with low, out-of-date quotas, forcing them to throw back huge amounts of certain species, even though those fish have become plentiful off New England.
Exactly how the regulations should be reformed is a controversial issue involving the competing interests of commercial fishing in different states, congressional politics, disagreements over long-term environmental goals and fishing economics.
Climate change is the complicating factor. Water temperatures in Long Island Sound have increased by about 1 degree per decade the past 40 years. The trend has triggered a major shift in species that now thrive in Long Island Sound, according to marine scientists and fishery experts.
"At the same time, fish that like warmer waters, including fluke and black sea bass, appear to be flourishing off the shores of southern New England" Just so readers know, C Bass and fluke are not strangers to southern New England waters. They have always resided in our waters in...
Studies show populations of traditional cold-water species, like lobster and winter flounder, have declined dramatically since the late 1990s.
At the same time, fish that like warmer waters, including fluke and black sea bass, appear to be flourishing off the shores of southern New England.
"The climate is changing," said Bobby Guzzo, a commercial fisherman who operates two boats out of Stonington, "and so are the fish." Continued...

A waterfront or coastal property often holds a strong appeal for homeowners due to qualities such as beautiful views and easy access to  boating or swimming. But as Hurricanes Irene and Sandy demonstrated, these properties can be vulnerable to storms if they are not properly protected.
Flooding is a major concern for homes on the shoreline. Rising waters will damage structural components and personal belongings, and salt water from coastal flooding will corrode components such as electrical system and plumbing.
One of the best ways to protect a home from the flooding caused by hurricanes and other storms is to elevate the home out of harm's way. The Shore Up CT program, a part of the state's Shoreline Resiliency Fund, provides low-interest loans for homeowners who wish to complete this work.
Homeowners in each of Connecticut's 25 communities with frontage on Long Island Sound-including Old Saybrook, Old Lyme, East Lyme, Waterford, New London, Groton, and Stonington-are eligible to apply for funding through Shore Up CT. A property must be located in a flood zone defined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency of National Flood Insurance Program to qualify for funding.
Shore Up CT is open to both primary and secondary homes occupied by an owner for at least 14 days of the year, as well as owner-occupied rental properties of one to four units and businesses with 100 or fewer employees. The owner must have flood and property service for the life of the loan, and they must also be current on local, state, and federal taxes in order to receive funding.
Emmeline Harrigan, program manager for Shore Up CT, says the average loan offered through the program is $135,000. However, homeowners can apply for sums as low as $10,000 or as high as $300,000. This funding is applied at certain construction milestones.
The loans are paid back over a 15-year period with no pre-payment penalty. There is a 2.75 percent interest rate, but the first year is interest- and payment-free.
In addition to new building elevation projects, Shore Up CT offers funding for the refinancing of existing projects. In order to qualify for this funding, a home must have been raised between Oct. 29, 2013 and July 28, 2014 and the owner must have a certificate of occupancy.
Projects approved by Shore Up CT must raise a structure to the level of the 500-year floodplain, plus one additional foot of freeboard. Harrigan says this elevation is required for state-funded projects in the floodplain, but will also provide a longer return on investment for homeowners as shoreline flooding will be more common due to rising sea levels and severe storms in the coming years.
"You don't want to do the least in terms of protection," says Harrigan. "You want to go to a higher level."
A person interested in raising their home must take several steps before any work can commence. These steps include having a land surveyor determine how high a home needs to be raised, getting a building permit, testing the soil to make sure it can support a new foundation, and ensuring that the work will comply with any zoning regulations.
The new foundation should be designed by an architect or structural engineer. A contractor or professional house lifting service will raise the home using a hydraulic lift, structural steel supports, and temporary cribbing system while the foundation is being built.
Funding through Shore Up CT can be used for all of these expenses as well as the installation of stairs and landings, soil stabilization, the raising of existing porches and decks, and certain wind-proofing measures such as permanent storm shutters and stronger vents and soffits. Other costs-such as new additions or the replacement of utilities that are not up to code-are ineligible.
The program's website at allows interested homeowners to pre-qualify for a loan and schedule a time to speak with a representative about a home project. For more information, call 203-910-2446 or e-mail

NORWICH - A Category 3 hurricane with forces not seen in Eastern Connecticut for nearly 100 years barrels into the mouth of the Connecticut River.
Roads are blocked by downed trees and utility lines. Power is expected to be out for up to a month in some places, and flood waters have made access to core facilities all but impossible.
With years to prepare, however, local governments have stocked up on bottled water, prepared meals and emergency generators to help residents ride out the aftermath until help arrives.
A decade after Hurricane Katrina changed the Gulf Coast's landscape and two years removed from back-to-back storms that crippled Connecticut's economy, that scenario is real. But while the skies are still calm, area business development groups are working with their clients to get them ready for the next big storm.
"Everyone that hasn't planned ahead is going to get stuck. We're all locked to our smart phones and our Internet, but what are you going to do when your computer goes down?" Paul Yellen, Plainfield's long time emergency management director, asked during a recent table top exercise arranged by PrepareCT, an alliance between the state's Small Business Development Centers and 16 partners across the state.
The Chamber of Commerce of Eastern Connecticut is the local partner in the alliance. Bill Sheehan, a member of the Southeastern Connecticut Enterprise Region, or seCTer, board and an expert in the field of emergency preparedness, led the seminar at Three Rivers Community College.
"Business resiliency and preparedness and the ability to bounce back in the case of a disaster is really economic development, and that's why seCTer is involved and will be going forward," executive director Stephen MacKenzie said.
 In January 2012, a state commission assembled by Gov. Dannel P. Malloy to examine steps that can be taken to prepare Connecticut for future natural disasters released its findings.
The Two Storm Panel reported that economic damage caused by Tropical Storm Irene in August 2011 and then a freak nor'easter two months later topped $750 million and left more than 1.6 million people without power.
Then, in October 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit. By February 2013, more than $50 million in federal assistance poured into Connecticut to help with recovery efforts, including $36.7 million worth of low-interest loans for homeowners, renters and businesses.
"We've had blizzards, we've had excessive rain and flooding, it's been a whole plethora of things we've had that we've had to deal with so businesses have to be ready 12 months out of the year to respond to emergency situations," said state Sen. Cathy Osten, D-Sprague, and a member of the Two Storm Panel. "It's not just making sure public works can open up roads." Continued...

TORRINGTON - Sixty years ago today, it destroyed homes and businesses, claimed lives and forever changed downtown Torrington. In the Flood of 1955's aftermath, the community, the state of Connecticut and the federal Army Corps of Engineers set out to make sure it would never happen again.
But the extremely effective flood control measures they implemented came at an aesthetic and environmental cost that, generations later, is butting up against the city's vision for a downtown revitalization built around the Naugatuck River.
While the river always had more to do with Torrington's now-gone industrial success than any kind of tourism or downtown ambience, Mayor Elinor Carbone and Economic Development Director Erin Wilson see it as a backbone of what they hope will be a resurgence of residential and retail development.
The city acquired an old factory site on Franklin Drive and built a parking lot officials envision as the launching point of a riverwalk. They have closed part of Franklin Drive down to traffic, and relocated Torrington's popular "Main Street Market Place" street festival there this summer, now renamed The Marketplace.
There's (at least) one problem. The Naugatuck River along Franklin Street and through the downtown is typically a trickle of water, barely visible to human beings separated by concrete and distance.
"It's a featureless no man's land full of rocks and riprap between the pedestrian and the river, and that's because of the flood control measures," said Mark McEachern, executive director of the Torrington Historical Society.
After the flood, the Army Corps of Engineers built dams that better controlled the flow of the river, and it widened and deepened the Naugatuck's riverbed through the downtown. It prohibits trees and some other forms of vegetation along its banks and levee system, worsening the aesthetics.
"You used to be able to walk on Franklin Street and be right near the water. Essentially, Franklin Street was a river walk 100 years ago," McEachern said.
Wilson said the city might attempt to "work with the Army Corps and convince them that the river is a big asset .... adding more water somehow" and easing restrictions on the planting of trees, wildflowers and other vegetation.
"They are opening up," she said, by letting the city use levee areas as part of its walking trail system. "I know they've done creative things in other communities." Continued...

National News Clips

NEW ORLEANS -- For decades, Louisiana schoolchildren have learned about the football field of land that washes away from their coast each hour. But tight state budgets and conflicts between powerful interests meant the problem usually seemed too monumental to solve.
Now, for the first time in history, Louisiana may have a significant pot of money for coastal restoration. The state has established a unified agency that could balance clashing priorities among environmentalists, residents, fishermen and energy companies. And with the not-so-distant memory of the deadly Hurricane Katrina and the threat of more damaging storms looming large, the promise of healthier protective wetlands could be within reach.
Louisiana is at a turning point, coastal experts say, and the outcome of this year's gubernatorial race will determine which direction the state heads. The four candidates -- U.S. Sen. David Vitter, Lt. Gov. Jay Dardenne, Public Service Commissioner Scott Angelle and state Rep. John Bel Edwards, the sole Democrat -- have all vowed to make wetland restoration a priority while looking out for varied recreational and commercial users of the coast.

NEW ORLEANS -- Ten years after Hurricane Katrina and a failed federal levee system killed more than a thousand and devastated the Gulf Coast, this city is littered with constant reminders of the risks locals face each storm season.
Seventeen "evacuspots" around the city, marked by metal sculptures of 14-foot waving stick figures, cue memories of the government evacuation plan that fell apart in 2005. Katrina floodwaters trapped more than 100,000 residents left behind, many of them in harrowing conditions in "shelters of last resort" at the Superdome and the city's convention center.
The statues are official meeting places for anyone who needs a ride out of town during the next mandatory evacuation. One stands north of the French Quarter, just in front of the historic Congo Square, where slaves in colonial times gathered on Sundays to set up markets, dance and play music.
"Since Katrina, we've had a broader cultural shift, and now emergency preparedness has become ingrained in our daily lives," Mayor Mitch Landrieu told a Washington, D.C., crowd at the National Press Club last month.
New Orleans is surrounded by an improved, $14.6 billion flood protection system designed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
The levees, surge barriers and city pumps are bigger and stronger and today would greatly reduce the dangers of a storm of Katrina's size and strength.
But as engineers plan for harsher hurricanes ahead, scientists say rising sea levels put coastal cities around the country at greater risk than ever to storm surges that cause massive flooding.
Nothing can safeguard New Orleans entirely from the storms that will continue to come, and people must be prepared each storm season to brace for the worst, says Russel Honoré, a retired lieutenant general who coordinated military relief after Katrina and has become an environmental justice advocate.
"There's a realization that we must come to grips with that, regardless of where you live in America, on any given day, Mother Nature can break anything built by man," Honoré says. "We've got to be more resilient in how we build because the city can flood again."
Landrieu calls the city a "canary in the coal mine," and he says no modern engineering feat can eliminate risk.
"Let me be really clear about this," Landrieu said in an interview. "If a Category 5 blowing in at 150 or 160 mph that's moving at 12 mph hits the mouth of the Mississippi River or hits Bay St. Louis or hits Miami or hits New York -- there's almost little or nothing you can do to protect yourself other than to get out of the way."

Even though Labor Day is behind us, and meteorological summer is over, the seasonal heat is hanging on across a large swath of the country, setting records in some places. Afternoon temperatures across parts of the West, South and Northeast are reaching the 90s, which is 15° to 20°F above normal in some spots.
While such unseasonably high temperatures aren't unprecedented, climate scientists expect intense heat waves to become more common as the planet warms.
The heat wave that has a hold on much of the country is due to an area of high pressure parked off the East Coast, Bob Oravec, lead forecaster with the National Weather Service in College Park, Md., said. High pressure tends to lead to stable air and clear skies, which can help send temperatures soaring.
"There were many locations that have been warmer during the first week of September than they were in all of August," Jake Crouch, a climate scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said in an email.
The NWS reported record high temperatures across the New York City area on Tuesday, with Newark Liberty International Airport hitting 98°F, besting the old record of 94°F set in 1939. LaGuardia hit 95°F, beating out the record from 1945 of 91°F, while Central Park beat an even older record: It also hit 94°F, according to the NWS, beating the record of 93°F set in 1919.
Temperatures in normally mild San Francisco were expected to reach the mid-90s, while locations further inland were set to top 100°F.
The high pressure pattern ushering in this heat is more typical of mid-summer, Oravec said, but can sometimes linger into September.
Relief is in sight for some areas, particularly in the East, as cooler air dips down over the country later in the week. But the West and South will likely see the heat hang on, Oravec said.
That heat is a major concern in the West, which is already battling a record-setting wildfire season. Dry, hot weather can make vegetation more likely to ignite.
While hot days in early September have been seen plenty of times before, heat waves overall are expected to become more intense and more common as more and more heat is trapped by greenhouse gases accumulating in the atmosphere. Climate scientists have even pinpointed how much more likely certain heat waves, like those in Europe earlier this year, have become in a warming world.
Extremely high temperatures have been prevalent for much of the year in the West, and several cities there had their hottest summers on record, a benchmark undoubtedly aided by overall global warming.
That warming (along with a strong El Niño) is also expected to help push 2015 to be the warmest year on record for the globe as a whole, overtaking the record set just last year.

New York City and dozens of other communities that were flooded during Superstorm Sandy are challenging the government's updated flood maps showing expansions of flood risk areas where thousands of buildings could be damaged.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency has received appeals and comments from about 190 communities in New Jersey and New York since the agency began issuing preliminary flood maps earlier this year, according to Andrew Martin, a spokesman in FEMA's New York office. New maps have been issued for more than 200 municipalities in the two states.
The most sophisticated challenge is coming from New York City, which contends in a 180-page report that FEMA's new maps overestimate the height of flood levels by up to 2 ½ feet. City officials say that mistakenly affects 26,500 buildings and 170,000 people by including them in areas susceptible to a 100-year storm, where the purchase of federal flood insurance is required for mortgage holders.
The objections highlight the challenges FEMA faces when modernizing old maps in an era of quickly changing perils. This is the first time since 1983 that the agency has analyzed the region's flood risk, even as new development and climate change are altering rainfall, sea levels and the characteristics of runoff, experts say.
Sandy flooding
Avenue C in lower Manhattan suddenly become waterfront the night of Oct. 29, 2012, just before Superstorm Sandy turned out the lights. Photo by David Shankbone, courtesy of Flickr.
With 30 years between map updates, and potentially several inches of sea-level rise since 1980, the new flood estimates can suddenly draw new homes into the floodplain or raise the cost of flood insurance practically overnight, said Mark Mauriello, a former commissioner of New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection.  That can lead to opposition around the new flood insurance rate maps, or FIRMS, whether they're accurate or not.
"The reality is that the day those maps are produced, the conditions continue to change," Mauriello said of rising seas and other factors. "These changes are occurring much more quickly than they were in the past."
In New York, officials are acknowledging that climate change is contributing to the expansion of the floodplain even as they challenge the new maps, resulting in a sometimes delicate balance. The city's analysis focuses on technical details of FEMA's research. It says, for instance, that FEMA overestimates the storm tide of a 1950 nor'easter by more than 4 feet. The agency used the storm to help guide its computer simulations of flood depth, and the city argues that the exaggerated water levels influenced many of FEMA's conclusions.

Years of bad decisions have left the state slowly shrinking and with no natural protection from storms. If big solutions aren't on the horizon, perhaps locals can hack their way to a solution?
Hurricane Katrina, which left approximately 1,500 dead in Louisiana and 80% of New Orleans underwater was a preventable, manmade disaster caused by a failed levee system. But before the storm even hit the levees that surround New Orleans, it passed through a once-rich swathe of coastal wetlands-a natural guard against hurricane-strength storm surge-that is disappearing at a rate of a football field every 48 minutes.
Coastal land loss is the biggest existential issue facing this region today and experts warn that without significant intervention, southern Louisiana will be underwater in as little as 50 years. Canals dredged by the oil and gas industry and levees along the Mississippi that block the flow of sediment to the region have seriously degraded land volume, while climate-change-driven sea level rise is helping to swallow whole towns within our lifetimes.
Today, authorities in Louisiana are scrambling to muster the resources for a massive proposed $50BN plan to shore up the state's sinking coastline. Meanwhile, in classic Louisiana DIY fashion, local entrepreneurs, inventors and ecologists are working outside the bureaucracy to jumpstart simple solutions to this complex problem. Here are a few that are getting their hands dirty for coastal restoration.

WITH each passing storm, a tiny Alaskan island sinks further into the sea and further into oblivion.
Soon those who call it home will have to pack up their things and leave. The school will be under water. So too will the handful of homes that litter the black sand bordering the unforgiving Chukchi Sea.
Four-hundred people call Kivalina home. Shelby, a 13-year-old girl, is one of them. She says "the ocean is slowly eating away our island" and she's not being a melodramatic teenager.
Experts say Kivalina, which at its highest is four metres above sea level, will meet its watery grave within 10 years. The island that was once home to eskimo villagers will exist only in photographs and stories.
Around the island, villagers have built rock walls and used giant sand bags to hold back water. Previously a natural ice barrier formed during the colder months to do the job for them, but warming temperatures mean the ice forms later and melts earlier each year.
Hundreds of kilometres to the south another small community is changing before its inhabitants' eyes. Newtok, Alaska, home to 350 people, is losing as much as 30 metres of flat land a year, locals say.
Closer to Australia, small Pacific island states like Kiribati and Tuvalu are suffering similar fates.
Populations who've lived on these islands for centuries are becoming part of a 21st century phenomenon. These are the climate refugees.

September 17, 2015 - Municipal Forum sponsored by Institute for Sustainable Energy.  Climate Change and Sustainability: Practical Solutions for your Municipality
When: Thursday September 17, 2015; 9am - 4pm
Where: Middlesex Community College Middletown, CT
Learn from your peers, connect with tools and resources. Hear municipal success stories
If you have any suggestions of great success stories to include in the forum or would like more information. Please email 

September 21, 2015  - Informational Webinar for CIRCA Municipal Resilience Grant Program at 11am on Monday, September 21, 2015. Click  Here to Register
CIRCA Director of Community Engagement, Rebecca French and Program Manager, Jessica LeClair will give a webinar presentation on how to apply for the Municipal Resilience Grant Program. The presentation will walk through the required application materials and process as well as providing an overview of climate impacts on Connecticut's municipalities. After the presentation, CIRCA staff will be available to answer your questions.

If you have already registered via the email address, then the webinar information will be sent to you.

Interested applicants are encouraged to join the webinar, but a copy of the presentation will be provided after the webinar. You can also contact CIRCA staff directly to ask questions at or 860-405-9228.

October 15, 2015 - CIRCA Municipal Resilience Grants program applications due.
CIRCA is requesting grant proposals from municipal governments and councils of government for initiatives that advance resilience, including the creation of conceptual design, construction (demonstration projects or other) of structures, or the design of practices and policies that increase their resilience to climate change and severe weather. This program is focused on implementation. The CIRCA Executive Steering Committee has made up to $100,000 in funds available to municipal governments and councils of government for the execution of resilience initiatives.
Project proposals should develop knowledge or experience that is transferable to multiple locations in Connecticut and have well-defined and measurable goals. Preferable projects will be implemented in no more than an 18-month time frame. Preference will also be given to those projects that leverage multiple funding sources and that involve collaboration with CIRCA to address priority areas identified in the program materials found here.
Eligible applicants are all Connecticut municipalities and councils of government. Partnerships are encouraged.
Proposal Deadline: October 15, 2015 by 4:00 PM.

October 21, 2015 - Save the Date! Connecticut Association of Flood Managers 2nd Annual Conference 
Where: Water's Edge Resort and Spa, 1525 Boston Post Road, Westbrook, CT 06498
Time: 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.

November 19, 2015 - Rockfall Foundation Grants Program.
The Rockfall Foundation invites representatives of non-profit organizations, municipalities, and schools to apply for grants for projects that contribute to the general environmental education of the public, promote environmental planning, contribute to the preservation of the Connecticut River watershed, or fund an internship with a non-profit organization for an environmental project.  For the 2015-2016 Grant Cycle, Rockfall will entertain grant applications for amounts ranging from $500 to $15,000.  Proposals must have ties to Middlesex County in order to be considered.  This includes projects or programs based in Middlesex County as well as applicants based in Middlesex County.  Proposals that focus on the Connecticut River corridor or Long Island Sound will also be considered as long as there is a demonstrated impact on Middlesex County.  Special consideration will be given to projects that impact youth (preschool through college) or are multi-generational.

The FY2015-16 guidelines and application form, as well as additional information about The Rockfall Foundation, are available on the Rockfall website:  The application deadline is12:00 noon, Thursday, November 19, 2015; grant awards will be announced and funds distributed early in 2016. 

An informal workshop where potential applicants can ask questions and discuss their ideas will be heldWednesday, September 16 from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. at the deKoven House Community Center, 27 Washington Street, Middletown. Anyone with questions or who would like to RSVP for the workshop should contact Tony Marino, Interim Executive Director, at or  860-347-0340 .

December 1- 2, 2015 - Living Shorelines: Sound Science, Innovative Approaches, Connected Community 1st National Technology Transfer Meeting and Regional  Workshops
When: December 1-2 2015
Where: Hilton Hartford Hartford, CT
Restore America's Estuaries, in partnership with the Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate Adaptation, is pleased to announce a first-of-its-kind living shorelines event! This Summit - Living Shorelines: Sound Science, Innovative Approaches, Connected Community - will feature nationally-relevant issues and discussions along with region-specific workshops.
Whether you call them "soft shorelines," "living shorelines," "soft armoring," or "soft stabilization projects," you belong at this gathering!
Follow on twitter @LSSummit2015
Contact Jeff Benoit -
Any Questions? Contact Suzanne Simon -  
The  Resilience Roundup  highlights CIRCA's 
presence in the news, provides links to recent local/state/national news articles related to resilience and adaptation, and announces upcoming events and seminars.

The Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate  Adaptation's 
(CIRCA) mission is to increase the resilience and sustainability of vulnerable communities along Connecticut's coast and inland waterways to the growing impacts of climate change and extreme weather on the natural, built, and human environment. The institute is located at the University of Connecticut's Avery Point campus and includes faculty from across the university. CIRCA is a partnership between UConn and the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CT DEEP).